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China Debate Education Network :. Refutation. Refutation involves one debater directly responding to an argument of an opposing debater Refutation involves a debater objecting to an argument raised by someone on the other side. Definition of Refutation. Purpose of Refutation.

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Presentation Transcript
definition of refutation
Refutation involves one debater directly responding to an argument of an opposing debater

Refutation involves a debater objecting to an argument raised by someone on the other side

Definition of Refutation
purpose of refutation
Purpose of Refutation

To deny a competing argument

Weaken or even destroy an argument

To force the original debater to generate a better argument

methods of refutation
Methods of Refutation

Internal method: criticizing the argument according to the standards of logical arguments

External Method: Creating counter arguments

methods of refutation internal method
Methods of Refutation: Internal Method

Evaluation according to the standards of good arguments

Acceptability of evidence

Relevance of link

Sufficiency of link

methods of refutation external method
Methods of Refutation: External Method

Creating counter arguments

Objecting to opposing arguments with arguments of your own.

methods of refutation combination method
Methods of Refutation: Combination Method

Combines internal and external methods

Evaluates the argument according to the standards of a good argument while simultaneously creating a counter argument

This is the strongest method of refutation

deciding what to refute
Deciding What to Refute

Can’t refute everything

Don’t focus on arguments that are the easiest to refute

Focus on important arguments

Focus on arguments essential to the opposing speaker’s case

Focus on arguments that prevent you from making your own case

four step refutation process
Four-Step Refutation Process

1. “They say…” (identify the target argument you will be refuting)

2. “But I say…” (state the claim of your own refutation)

3. “Because…” (provide support for your refutation)

4. “Therefore…” (explain why the argument is important to the debate)

four step refutation process1
Four-Step Refutation Process

Opposing Argument: “They said. . .”

“But I say. . .

“Because. . .”

“Therefore. . .”