China Debate Education Network :. Refutation. Refutation involves one debater directly responding to an argument of an opposing debater Refutation involves a debater objecting to an argument raised by someone on the other side. Definition of Refutation. Purpose of Refutation.
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Refutation involves a debater objecting to an argument raised by someone on the other sideDefinition of Refutation
To deny a competing argument
Weaken or even destroy an argument
To force the original debater to generate a better argument
Internal method: criticizing the argument according to the standards of logical arguments
External Method: Creating counter arguments
Evaluation according to the standards of good arguments
Acceptability of evidence
Relevance of link
Sufficiency of link
Creating counter arguments
Objecting to opposing arguments with arguments of your own.
Combines internal and external methods
Evaluates the argument according to the standards of a good argument while simultaneously creating a counter argument
This is the strongest method of refutation
Can’t refute everything
Don’t focus on arguments that are the easiest to refute
Focus on important arguments
Focus on arguments essential to the opposing speaker’s case
Focus on arguments that prevent you from making your own case
1. “They say…” (identify the target argument you will be refuting)
2. “But I say…” (state the claim of your own refutation)
3. “Because…” (provide support for your refutation)
4. “Therefore…” (explain why the argument is important to the debate)
Opposing Argument: “They said. . .”
“But I say. . .
“Because. . .”
“Therefore. . .”