POST- MODERN MILITARY AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT Lt.Col. StjepanDomjančić, PhD Defence Planning Department, Head Ministry of Defence, CROATIA
The crisis of today is the joke of tomorrow. H. G. Wells
Contextual Framework: • changes to the nature of the international system • new security paradigm Post-modern period Post-modern conflicts Post-modern militaries Non-military functions • maintaining peace • disaster management • humanitarian interventions
Engagement of militaries in the field of crisis management – • KEY CHALLENGES: • the development of numerous non-military capabilities, • a greater degree of improvisation • too wide reliance by society and state institutions on the military / dependency on the military • pushing the military into daily political conflict, • weakening the traditional corporative forms, cohesion and social responsibility, • militarization of crisis management area. Traditional image of the soldier New post-modern image protector of the homeland ???
Military transition Three key points of the military transition: the idea of modern mass (national) military deep metamorphosis in Cold War era post-modern transformation
From Cold War to post-modern military • Redefinition of the military's traditional mission • New officers’ role - deal with complex political- strategic issues New post-modern conflicts • peacekeeping, • peace enforcement, • disaster management, • humanitarian interventions, • … • regional conflicts, • civil wars, • terrorism • ethnical violence • … Militaryanddefence in new securityparadigm ??? Non-military functions
Post-modern military - controversies • How will the military adapt to respond to new challenges? • How far to go with changes in development of the capabilities from military to non-military? What`s about identity of the military organization in that process? • Not building non-military capabilities - a risk of perception in society about the military as an anachronic institution and consumer of budgetary funds. • Strong involvement in non-military activities may significantly contribute to development of its image in public. • It can lead to excessive dependence on society on military potentials / dependence on the military. • A trend of intensified militarization of the domain of crises management.
Post-modern military - missions growing interlacement of the civilian and military spheres, diminishing differences based on service or branch, ranketc., change of the military's purpose from conducting wars towards crisis management, intensified use of the armed forces in international missions, internationalization of the armed forces. • shift from defence of the national territory towards peacekeeping operations and crisis management area, • shift towards armed forces entirely manned with volunteers, • sophisticated military technology, • abolition of the traditional military hierarchy and civil-military borders Post-modern military – 5 main organizational changes:
Post-modern military in contemporary operations • New model of civil-military relations • Dimension of the problem in European post Communist transition states Participation of the military in activities of giving support to civilian institutions and citizens in situations of major natural, technical- technological and other accidents and disasters – military identity? Operations of response to crises beyond national territory
Post-modern military in non-military activities Because of the need for rationality, Such activities represent an important element in building connections with society and a manner of proving general social usefulness of the military. Two important reasons for very participation of the military in such activities:
Conclusion • In post-modern society traditional mission of the military has to be redefined, if the military wishes to preserve its relevance. • New post-modern model of civil-military relations has to be created. • Strong involvement of the military in non-military activities, can significantly contribute to improvement of its image in public • But, it could lead to excessive relying of the society on military potentials and creation of a specific dependence on the military • Potential dangers from excessive militarization of the area of crises management • But, this is a useful channel for strengthening connection between the military and society
Good management is the art of making problems so interesting and their solutions so constructive that everyone wants to get to work and deal with them. Paul Hawken
Thank you for your attention! CONTACT: Lt.Col. StjepanDomjančić, PhD Defence Planning Department,Head Ministry of Defence CROATIA firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893.