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Tartuffe

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  1. Tartuffe By: Moliere Presented By: Jaimie Goss Kaitlyn McClung James Rasalam Shardaya Weems

  2. CHARACTERS

  3. Madame Pernelle • Orgon’s mother • Believed Tartuffe to be godly and should be respected as a saint • Didn’t want Orgon to let Tartuffe go because she saw Tartuffe as a saint

  4. Orgon • Elmire’s husband • Blinded by Tartuffe’s “loyalty” • Believed Tartuffe over his own family and would do what Tartuffe said was the smart idea

  5. Elmire • Orgon’s wife • Sees through Tartuffe’s lies • Later deceives Tartuffe in order to make Orgon see the real criminal that he is

  6. Damis • Orgon’s son • Elmire’s stepson • Never thinks before he acts. He always rushes into things which later create problems within him and his family

  7. Marianne • Orgon’s daughter • Elmire’s stepdaughter • In love with Valere • Almost married Tartuffe under father’s command • Lets her father control her life • Childish and naive

  8. Valere • In love with Marianne • He is charming like Prince Charming from Sleeping Beauty • Respects Marianne and wants her to make her own decisions • He also respects Orgon and his choices

  9. Cleante • Orgon’s brother- in- law • tries to help the family with Tartuffe because he also believes that Tartuffe is a fraud

  10. Tartuffe • A hypocrite, False prophet • Cunning • Reminds people of Honest John from Pinocchio • Tries to steal everything from the family • Betrothed to Marianne but infatuated with Elmire

  11. Dorine • Marianne’s lady’s- maid • Not afraid to speak her mind and opinions • Does not follow rules and she acts as part of the family instead of a maid • She is kind of like Danielle from Ever After

  12. Very Minor Characters • Monsieur Loyal- a bailiff; told the family that they had to leave under Tartuffe’s orders; seduced by Tartuffe • Police Officer- loyal to the Prince (King Louis XIV) instead of Tartuffe • Flipote- Madame Pernelle’s man- servant, does not get treated well

  13. LITERARY ELEMENTS

  14. PLOT • Focuses on Orgon’s desire to preserve control in his family. Using his authority as her father, Orgon plans to force Marianne to marry Tartuffe. Tartuffe attempts to seduce Elmire. Elmire tries to reveal Tartuffe’s true nature to Orgon by getting Tartuffe to repeat his passionate revelations while Orgon is hiding in the room. Elmire’s plot succeeds, but it is too late because Orgon has already signed the house and properties over to Tartuffe. Although the ending is contrived, all does end happily and poetic justice is accomplished.

  15. SETTING • In a Parisian luxurious home of Orgon • mid 1600s

  16. ALLUSIONS Act 1, Scene 1 All said by Madame Pernelle • “Than dear Orante…”- Madame Pernelle believes Orante will condemn Damis and Dorine • “Parties are Towers of Babylon” • “Are nothing but inventions of the Devil”- Damis’ and Dorine’s thoughts of Tartuffe

  17. ALLUSIONS (cont'd) Act 4, Scene 1 • “sacrifices your wrath to God above” • “God knows what people would think” • “leave vengeance to the Lord” • “but I am not commanded by the Bible” • “and thus obeyed the laws of Heaven

  18. METAPHOR • “Parties are Towers of Babylon, because The guests all babble on without a pause.” Act 1, Scene 1 by Madame Pernelle Compares parties to Towers of Babylon because of how the people react at a party

  19. PERSONIFICATION • “And thus high Heaven’s justice was displayed: Betraying you, the rogue stood self- betrayed.” • Act 5, Scene 7

  20. ALLITERATION Act 1, Scene 1 • “Seems so pure, so shy, so innocent and so demure.” • “ Their dear, dead mother did far better…” • “And practices precisely what he preaches” • “I’ll slap some sense into that stupid face.” Act 4, Scene 5 • “I fear my words are all too frank and fare”

  21. FORESHADOWING • “In him and him alone will he confide; / He’s made him his confessor and his guide.” • line 17-18…. Act 1, Scene 1 • Orgon tells Tartuffe about his secrets

  22. RHYME Act 1, Scene 1 • “And you, his sister, seem so pure,/ So shy, so innocent and so demure.” • “I tell you that you’re blest to have Tartuffe Dwelling, as my son’s guest, beneath his roof…”

  23. IRONY • The beginning of the play- Damis and Dorine call Tartuffe a hypocrite while Madame Pernelle says that he is a fine man and would save their souls. • Orgon throws Damis out of the house and Tartuffe tells him that it was wrong in God’s eyes to throw someone out of the house and than Tartuffe later tries to throw the family out of their house.

  24. THEME • The central theme is the exploration of religious hypocrisy in contrast to true Christian value • the theme leads to the satire

  25. SATIRE • satirizes religion and being pious • parody of St. Augustine’s Authoritarian and misanthropic version of Christianity • Orgon is eager to believe in Tartuffe for a variety of reasons, but one of these is because the religion that Tartuffe is peddling is a version of Christianity that Moliere regards as insane

  26. SATIRE (cont'd) • Orgon’s dependents are connected with his relish over original sin of human nature- He’s a “by the book” Christian • The target of the play’s satire is Tartuffe himself and that Tartuffe is obviously not an example of a religious hypocrite. • Orgon eagerly buys into Tartuffe’s mindlessly disciplinary rigor( based on the “extremist theory of Original Sin”)

  27. SATIRE (cont'd) • The play pokes fun at the obsessive fanaticism and the blind gullibility of those who allow themselves to be victimized by the greedy and self- serving.

  28. EXTRA NOTES • Tartuffe is considered a comedy and a satire work • comedy- contains basic and accepted patterns of comedic development • satire- takes a very specific human vice( religious hypocrisy) and censures it with the intent of improving humanity • the characters in the play always hide in order to obtain secretive information

  29. EXTRA NOTES (cont'd) • Tartuffe first appears in Act 3, Scene 1, but the reader and audience have already been well- introduced to his character before his appearance • characters of Tartuffe are intended as types, rather than realistically drawn literary figures -Tartuffe: archetypal hypocrite -Orgon: archetypal gullible fool - may not always be “realistic”, but represents typical behavior of personalitytype that the character embodies