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Hispanic Serving Institutions. Dr. Eva Serrano Former Title V Director, Morton College (HSI) Currently at Aurora University Assistant Professor, College of Professional Studies. Looking to the future.

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hispanic serving institutions

Hispanic Serving Institutions

Dr. Eva Serrano

Former Title V Director, Morton College (HSI)

Currently at Aurora University

Assistant Professor, College of Professional Studies

looking to the future
Looking to the future
  • Latino college enrollment is projected to increase faster than other groups. Between 2006 and 2017, enrollment of Hispanic students is projected to increase 39%, compared to 5% for whites, 26% for blacks, 26% for Asian/Pacific Islanders, 30% for American Indian/Alaska Natives, and 1% for nonresident aliens.
    • Source: Projections of Education Statistics to 2017, NCES, 2008
demographics current facts
Demographics: Current Facts
  • 45.5 million Hispanics in the U.S. (2007)
  • 3.9 million in Puerto Rico
  • Median age is 27.6 for Hispanics compared to 36.6 for the population as a whole
  • Almost half of the nation’s Hispanics live in California (29.1%) and Texas (18.9%). In Illinois, 15% of state population is Hispanic.
hispanic educational attainment
Hispanic Educational Attainment
  • 40.7% of Hispanics 25 and over have not completed high school, compared to 13.9% of non-Hispanic whites.
  • 8.8% have a bachelor’s degrees and 3.6% an advanced degrees, compared to 18.6% and 9.8% for non-Hispanic whites.
  • 54% of Hispanic high school graduates ages 16-24 were enrolled in college in 2005, compared to 73.2% for non-Hispanic whites.
the question
The Question
  • How can the United States keep its promise to provide and support educational access and opportunity to U.S. Hispanics/Latinos, the fastest growing minority group in the country?
federal mandate
Federal Mandate
  • 1992
    • Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965 is reauthorized and this leads to the creation of federal programs and funding to support Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs)
    • HSI eligibility: degree-granting institutions with full-time equivalent undergraduate enrollments that are at least 25% Hispanic
  • 1998
    • Further legislative efforts in the reauthorization of HEA of 1965 which result in a separate designation for HSIs, Title V
    • Why is this important? A distinct identity within federal discussion of higher education was finally established related to U.S. Latinos
criteria
Criteria
  • Eligibility criteria
    • Enrollment NOT mission among accredited and degree-granting public or private nonprofit IHEs
    • 25% or more total undergraduate Hispanic full-time equivalent student enrollment
hsis share strengths challenges
HSIs share strengths & challenges
  • Strengths
    • Motivated to pursue higher education
    • Appreciate a work ethic
    • Respect and value their family
    • Believe in the value of higher education
    • Often bilingual/bicultural
strengths challenges con d
Strengths & challenges (con’d)
  • Challenges
    • First in their family to attend college
    • Come from low-income families
    • Work 20 or more hours per week
what does federal government fund
What does federal government fund?
  • Mission

To enhance and expand the capacity of eligible IHEs to serve Hispanic and low-income students by providing funds to improve and strengthen the academic quality, institutional stability, management, and fiscal capabilities of eligible institutions.

  • Types of Projects Funds may be used for activities such as: faculty development; funds and administrative management; development and improvement of academic programs; endowment funds; curriculum development; scientific or laboratory equipment for teaching; renovation of instructional facilities; joint use of facilities; academic tutoring; counseling programs; and student support services.
  • 5-year individual development grants (up to $2 million)
  • 5-year cooperative arrangement development grants ($2mm-$3mm)
  • 1-year planning grants
appropriation history
Appropriation History
  • Year 1 (1993) $45 million allocated, but only $12 million became available
  • By 1997, only $10.8 million was appropriated
  • Fiscal Year 2006 $94,914,270
  • Fiscal Year 2007 $94,914,270
  • Fiscal Year 2008 $93,255,852
hsis con d
HSIs (con’d)

Of these, 128 (48%) were public two-year institutions, 57 public four-year institutions, 71 private four-year institutions, and 10 private two year institutions.

what does this mean
What does this mean?
  • 1,968,000 Hispanics were enrolled in college in 2006, including 192,000 in Puerto Rico
  • 268 HSIs are home to 51% of all Hispanics enrolled in postsecondary education
looking ahead
Looking ahead
  • Emerging HSIs (20-24%) across the U.S.

67 institutions with 80,945 Hispanic students

  • U.S. Latino population is young
  • Will HSIs expand in number across the country?
successful guiding practices
Successful guiding practices
  • Create a culture of evidence at the institution to encourage the use of disaggregated data to better understand how Latino and other students are performing and to guide campus decisions and initiatives.
  • Share data on Latino students with faculty, staff, and students at least once a year so that they know how students are performing.
successful guiding practices con d
Successful guiding practices (con’d)
  • Use short-term measures of academic progress to guide improvements in curricula, instruction, and support services for Latino students.
  • Encourage and support the sharing of disaggregated student data between community colleges and baccalaureate-granting institutions to help establish better transfer pathways and to understand the barriers and facilitators for Latino college student success.
successful guiding practices con d21
Successful guiding practices (con’d)
  • Provide a holistic approach to serving Latino students within the institution. Incorporate leadership, research, academic programs, support services, and student life programs.
  • Partner with other educational organizations in the community to align educational resources. pathway to better support students.
successful guiding practices con d22
Successful guiding practices (con’d)
  • Seek external sources to develop and test innovative practices while adding proven practices to the institutional budget.
  • Apply lessons learned in improving services to Latinos to improve services for all students.
sources
Sources
  • www.ed.gov
  • www.edexcelencia.org
  • www.hacu.net
  • Macdonald, V.M., Botti, J.M., & Hoffman Clark, L. (2007). From Visibility to Autonomy: Latinos and higher education in the U.S., 1965-2005. Harvard Educational Review, 77 (4), 474 -504.