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Indonesia Country Workshop on Rural ICT Development. Summary of Indonesia Country Report. Arif Wismadi ADB/ITU Project on “Rural Information and Communications Technology Policy Advocacy, Knowledge Sharing, and Capacity Building” 23rd – 24th March 2011

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summary of indonesia country report

Indonesia Country Workshop on

Rural ICT Development

Summary of Indonesia Country Report

Arif Wismadi

ADB/ITU Project on “Rural Information and Communications Technology Policy Advocacy, Knowledge Sharing, and Capacity Building”

23rd – 24th March 2011

Menara Peninsula Hotel, Jakarta, Indonesia

contents
Contents
  • Introduction to the workshop
  • The structure of country report
  • The expected contribution of the sessions
introduction
Introduction
  • The Workshop is organised within the framework of the joint ITU/ADB Project on “Rural ICT Policy Advocacy, Capacity Building and Knowledge Sharing”.
  • The project is envisaged to lead to the promotion and deployment of rural ICT development as well as to enhance the human capacities of regulators and policy makers in Asia-Pacific countries through development of toolkit for policy makers and knowledge sharing and human capacity building.
  • The project is undertaking of nine country case studies which include: Cambodia, Mongolia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, People’s Republic of China, Republic of Korea, Philippines, and Thailand.
workshop objectives
Workshop Objectives
  • Review and validate the interim country report;
  • Obtain additional data and information as well as comments and suggestions from local stakeholders, invited experts, participants of the Workshop with an aim to enrich and finalise the report;
  • Provide an opportunity for stakeholder discussions on issues and matters related to rural ICT development which would lead to some recommendations for policy makers;
  • Promote collaboration and partnerships among local and international organisations and private sector.
the structure of country report
The Structure of Country Report
  • Chapter 1, Country Overview
  • Chapter 2, National ICT Industry Status
  • Chapter 3, Status of Rural ICT in Indonesia
  • Chapter 4, Rural ICT Policies, Programs, Initiatives
  • Chapter 5, Case Examples of successful and innovative rural ICT projects
  • Chapter 6, Lessons, Opportunities, Constraints
chapter 1 country overview
Chapter 1Country Overview
  • 1.1 National geographic, demographic status
    • Spatial disparity and decentralize process.
    • High unemployment ,9 out of 10 are unemployed (160.81 mio of workforces).
    • HH income level < 1200 USD/year.
    • Gini index: increased 0.343 to 0.374
    • Poverty incident 15,42% (34,96 mio pop) 2008.
  • SESSIONS:
  • National Policy on Intersectoral Approach for Rural ICT Development
  • Rural ICT for increasing the capacity of rural community
chapter 1 country overview7
Chapter 1Country Overview
  • 1.2 Scope and status of rural areas, population
    • 75.666 villages, 63.52 percent of the poor in rural areas.
  • SESSIONS:
  • National Policy on Intersectoral Approach for Rural ICT Development
  • Rural ICT for increasing the capacity of rural community
  • Role of ICT to promote tourism industry, post disaster experience in Jogja
chapter 2 national ict industry status
Chapter 2National ICT Industry Status
  • 2.1 ICT Market Background of Indonesia
    • Liberalization and competition started where penetration and coverage is still inadequate.
  • 2.2 ICT Regulatory Body
    • Independent Regulatory Body (IRB) to protect public right and interest, to support and to protect telecommunication business competition.
  • SESSIONS:
  • Regulatory Framework to sustain Rural ICT services: managing competition to sustain national ICT infrastructure
  • National Policy on Rural ICT: the transition and its lesson learnt
chapter 2 national ict industry status9
Chapter 2National ICT Industry Status
  • 2.3 ICT Industry Role for Indonesian Economy
    • ICT sector with increased growth 29% and share 1.96 (% GDP)
  • 2.4 Telecommunication Industry Status
    • Big market. Big investment. Providers increase 2.2% . Network Capacity grows 42.5% - 156.2%.
  • SESSIONS:
  • Regulatory Framework to sustain Rural ICT services: managing competition to sustain national ICT infrastructure
  • National Policy on Rural ICT: the transition and its lesson learnt
  • How commercial Internet Provider deals with rural area
  • Lesson learnt on serving rural banking
chapter 3 status of rural ict in indonesia
Chapter 3Status of Rural ICT in Indonesia
  • 3.1 The Digital Divide
    • Infrastructure (86%) in Sumatera, Java and Bali. Only 14% in Eastern Indonesia.
  • 3.2 ICT Penetration in Rural Area
    • High potential demand, low economy
    • Tele-density of Urban 35%, or at least 11-25%, Rural 0.25%.
  • 3.3 Technology Utilization of Rural IC in Indonesia
    • Technology to technology neutral
  • SESSIONS:
  • Initiative to serve the unserved
  • Community Based ICT Center Initiative: a CSR initiative toward market maturity
  • Role of SME in Rural ICT development: contribution for affordable solutions
  • SME in ICT: local content, job-opportunity and the capacity
chapter 4 rural ict policies programs initiatives
Chapter 4Rural ICT Policies, Programs, Initiatives
  • 4.1. Background
    • Rural: high capital, low RoI
    • Affordability and rural specific demand
  • 4.2. History
    • Monopoly: Operational Cooperation scheme, doubled rural access, ‘93-’97
    • Liberalized : introduce USO program, USO Fund
    • Rural Telecommunication Authority
    • Auction process
    • Output to outcome: Performance based contract
  • SESSIONS:
  • Implementation of USO Program in Indonesia: from regulatory conformance toward development performance
  • Options for Rural ICT Applications: market pull or technology push?
  • The benefits of Broadband
chapter 5 case examples of successful and innovative rural ict projects
Chapter 5Case Examples of successful and innovative rural ICT projects
  • Case 1:
    • Local Government Initiative for E-Gov, Regency of Sragen
  • Case 2:
    • Central Government Infrastructure Provision: USO Program
  • Case 3:
    • Private Initiative Rural ICT Provision: Community ICT Center
  • Case 4:
    • Central Government Activity Based Infrastructure: E-Learning (Jardiknas)
  • SESSIONS:
  • Lesson from Jardiknas Program, critical success factors for rural e-learning
  • E-government initiative: changing the mindset
  • Managing Community ICT Center: the important factors to scaling up the model
chapter 6 lessons opportunities constraints
Chapter 6Lessons, Opportunities, Constraints
  • This section highlight lessons learned, opportunities for further development of national rural ICT policy, and constraints that may impede such development.
  • This section provides specific findings that can be transferred to other countries of the region, and potentially incorporated in toolkits and other resources.
  • SESSIONS:
  • Deployment Challenge of Rural ICTInfrastructure: critical aspects to avoid cost and time overrun
  • Performance based contract to sustain ICT service: operator’s perspective: the driving factors to business process re-engineering
  • ICT infrastructure to monitor rural ICT services: SIMMLIK: do they comply to the contract?
thank you

Thank You

Interim Report available at:

http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/asp/CMS/Events/2011/ITU-ADB/Indonesia/index.asp

Email contact: pustral-ugm@indo.net.id