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THE PARABLES FROM THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO SAINT LUKE

THE PARABLES FROM THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO SAINT LUKE

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THE PARABLES FROM THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO SAINT LUKE

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  1. STORIES OF JESUS THE PARABLES FROM THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO SAINT LUKE www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  2. Script and producer Dr. N. J. Paul www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  3. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

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  5. There are 28 parables in the book of Luke and a dozen more in other gospels www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  6. PARABLES LISTED IN THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO LUKE • LUKE 5;36 THE NEW CLOTH • LUKE 5;37 NEW WINE • LUKE 6;47,49 THE HOUSE ON THE ROCK • LUKE 7;41-43 THE TWO DEBTORS • LUKE 8;5-8 THE SOWER • LUKE 10;30-37 THE GOOD SAMARITAN • LUKE 11;5-8 THE FRIEND AT MIDNIGHT • LUKE 12;16-21 THE RICH FOOL • LUKE 12;36-39 THE WEDDING FEAST • LUKE 12;42-43 THE WISE STEWARD • LUKE 13;6-9 THE BARREN FIG TREE • LUKE 13;20-21 THE LEAVEN • LUKE 13:19 THE MUSTARD SEED • LUKE 14;16-24 THE GREAT SUPPER • LUKE 15;3-7 THE LOST SHEEP • LUKE 15;8-10 THE PIECE OF MONEY THAT WAS LOST AND FOUND • LUKE 15;11-32 THE PRODIGAL SON • LUKE 16;1-8 THE UNJUST STEWARD • LUKE 17;7-10 THE UNPROFITABLE SERVANT • LUKE 18;1-18 THE UNJUST JUDGE • LUKE 18;9-14 THE PHARASEE AND PUBLICAN • LUKE 19;12-27 THE POUNDS • LUKE 20; 9-16 THE WICKED HUSBAND MAN • LUKE 21;29-31 THE FIG TREE www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

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  8. Introduction to Parables from the book of LUKE In this study you will find an entirely different interpretation of the parables you might not thought of or read else where. Though it may appear that Jesus spoke parables at random, we can find they were linked to each other and have a continuity of theme. Each parable is an outcome of some discussion or dispute with the people or the Pharisees who disagreed with the doctrines of Jesus on some aspect or other. But Jesus made it clear, that the purpose of His visit on earth was not to fight and liberate them from the Romans as the Messiah expected, but something different. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  9. It is difficult to imagine how Jesus could have introduced a totally different scheme of God’s forgiveness than what they believed or practiced for ages. It is easy for us to preach forgiveness of sins through sacrifice on the cross. But How could Jesus preach it before He died on the cross? More over, His disciples never liked Jesus talking about His death on the cross. How much more the public who wanted Him to stay with them for ever? Jesus therefore gently introduced the doctrine step wise in the three years of His ministry. First He talked of God’s love and the need for a change in people’s thinking How God’s word alone can help to change them and make them fruitful Secondly He preached them about judgment and eternity and how the time of Grace was running out and that God is willing to receive. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  10. Thirdly He preached the damnation for those who are unfaithful and the reward of being fruitful in His kingdom on earth Thus He showed the kingdom of God is the door way to kingdom of heaven Some of the parables are twin parables and therefore the meaning are identical or they talk of the some thing. Parables are short but they are so deep in meaning. We should be therefore careful in their interpretation. Example the wine in old bottle and the new cloth patched on the old The mustard seed and the leaven You will be happy to see the meaning is so different than what you thought of! www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  11. They fall under three topics • God loves you. Come back to Him • There is a judgment day. But God is willing to receive • There is a reward and a punishment- Which would you choose www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  12. THE PURPOSE OF THE PARABLES • Jesus did not come only to die on the cross but to establish His power on earth and challenge the enemy. • He showed that His teaching had the same power as the Father had at creation • Jesus= LOGOS = God’s authority to do miracles or forgive www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  13. THE PARABLES TO EXPLAIN THE PURPOSE OF HIS VISIT www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  14. THE PURPOSE OF HIS VISIT LUKE 4:18 • He came to: • To preach the gospel to the poor • To heal the broken hearted • To proclaim liberty to the captives • And recovery of sight to the blind • To set at liberty those who are oppressed • To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  15. WHAT DID PEOPLE SAY ABOUT HIS TEACHINGS? • Taught in the synagogues being glorified by all 4:15 • Marvelled at the gracious words that came out of His mouth 4:22 • They were all amazed saying “What a word is this? 4;36 • Many demons came out crying, “you are the Son of God.” 4:41 • One day He was teaching .. And the power of the LORD was present to heal them. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  16. John Vs Jesus-teachings • Jesus did not tell stories to entertain the people. • Who needed change- people or Pharisees? • Jesus and John preached the same theme • John was abrupt talking of Eternity • Jesus told them of God’s rule on earth- Kingdom of God. • And the need for thinking about eternity. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  17. NEED FOR REPENTANCE PART I COME BACK TO GOD www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  18. people need to change their attitudes www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

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  20. A twin Parable • Two short parables almost in one or two verses. That shows the emphasis of the lesson and mean the same thing. • Jesus told these parables because they tried to compare their doctrine with that of Jesus and of John. • Jesus told them by trying to fit one into another would only do more damage. • Forgiveness of sins thru sacrifices was according to law of Moses. • It is God who forgives. Sacrifices don’t earn it! www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  21. 1. NEW AND OLD PIECE OF CLOTH- Luke 5:36 • Amazing that Jesus as a carpenter talked about tailoring! How did He know about it. • Garments were woven those days than tailored. There were no sewing machines! • Even modern housewives don’t know the truth because they try to do patch work using both old and new! • The new cloth shrinks and so the tear is likely. • New doctrine of Christ brings restrains in life style which people don’t like!. They cannot mix it with their old doctrines. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  22. 2. NEW WINE & OLD BOTTLE- Luke 5:37 • WINE IS DOCTRINE. BOTTLE ARE PEOPLE’S MIND • In olden days bottles were made of leather or sheep skin bags. • New wine when it starts fermenting will produce more gas which will exert more pressure which the bag cannot sustain. So it will burst • Peoples idea of forgiveness through sacrifices was from the time of Moses. Though they saw changes in the life of people thru teachings of John they could not accept it. It was easier for them to pay the sacrifices and do the same mistakes again and again than to repent and put an end to it once and forever. • Devil took advantage of that doctrine and blinded the eyes of the people. It would certain rend their hearts to accept the doctrine of repentance www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  23. 3. SPECK & A BEAM- Luke 6:42 • Jesus healed a sick man on the Sabaath. The Pharisees were angry that He violated the law of Moses. They were also angry that He pronounced forgiveness to people while they believed in pardon through sacrifices. So they were finding fault with Him. • A beam is a log of wood used for supporting the roof or in a cloth weaver’s device. When two friends are in an attic or working on a weaving job and if a speck of dust falls on the eyes of one, his first reaction would be to rub it off. • And if the friend offers to help but a beam his blocking the view he cannot help his friend. • The Pharisees were blind to the Goodness and love of God and were trying find small mistakes in the ministry of Jesus. • When people think high of themselves, they tend to despise others www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  24. 4. TWO BUILDERS Doers of the word. Luke 6:47-49 • Both are the same superstructure. • Only they differed in the foundation • The foundation goes below the ground and no one sees it • It needs digging and costs money and time. • Get rich quick and taking things for granted or looking for easy results are wrong motives in life • People are concerned about church attendance and rituals easily seen by others. But digging deep into or soul searching is not done. They will find one day all will collapse. Rituals & traditions will collapse. Repentanceand firm foundation only wouldhelp www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  25. 5. TWO DEBTORS- Luke 7:41-43 • Jewish people are noted for the exorbitant rate of interests they charged and their merciless attitudes. • Law of Moses dictated that at the jubilee year all debts should be forgiven . Yet people would not do it. • One man generously forgave a person a debt of 500 Denarius which is equal to 500 days wages. • God forgives our daily mistakes known and unknown. But we fail to forgive others even once in a while. How do we expect them to love us and serve us? • How dare we say the LORD’s prayer forgive our debts even as we forgive their debts! www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  26. 6. THE SOWER & THE SEED LUKE 8:5-8 • JESUS CALLED THIS PARABLE AS A MYSTERY- 8:10 • BECAUSE IT SHOWS WHY PEOPLE ARE NOT FRUITFUL IN LIFE. • WHAT IS THE SEED? • WHAT IS WAY SIDE? • WHAT IS ROCK? • WHAT ARE THORNS? • WHAT IS GOOD GROUND? • WE REAP WHAT WE SOW • GOD’S WORD HAS POWER TO TRANSFORM OUR LIVES TO BE FRUITFUL IN OUR OWN LIVES AND TO HIS KINGDOM. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  27. 7.The Good Samaritan– LUKE 10 :30-37THE REJECTED & THE RELIGIOUS CLASS OF PEOPLE • Read the story why Jesus said it. Who is Samaritan and a levite? • Who is the one that helped the dying traveller? • The Samaritan was an unwanted rejected person • Are people satisfied with attending church like the levite and the priest? • The story was addressed to a righteous law keeper who obeyed the law from child hood. • We are blind to those who are in need of help and in critical situation. • God wants us to show mercy to others which is more important than going to church and doing things like that. • What should we do to inherit eternal life? • Jesus said, ‘Go and do like wise’ • Luke 10 :37 infers showing mercy to others who are need wins God’s approval to inherit eternal life www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  28. 8.LAST MINUTE RUSH- Luke:11:5-8 • A guest arrived at midnight. The host had nothing at home to feed him. • So he went to his neighbor and asked for two loaves of bread as loan. It was an awkward situation to wake up some one from sleep. • Still the neighbour was kind and obliged because of the perseverance in asking • God is willing and waiting to help any one even though it is the last hour www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  29. 9. Armed and Ready not to be defeated or miss the Eternal life- Luke 11-28- 41 • Jesus told them how they should put on the armour and fight the evil • Holy spirit – Seek His help 11:10 ,13 • Word of God-Keep it 11:28 • Don’t see evil things 11:34,35 • Give alms to the poor 11:41. 12:33,35 • Don’t trust in riches 12:20,21 • Feed the poor 14:13,14 • Forsake all and be a disciple 14:33 www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  30. 10. Lamp under the cot or a bushel- Luke 11:33 • Lamp is word of God. • Where to keep a lamp? • Why was it kept under a bushel or cot? • A bushel is used to measure the grains. It is busy all day transferring grains. But at the end of the day not one grain sticks to it. The lamp is also put out. People who are busy with their work and have no time for God are like that. At the end of their life they find nothing sticks to them. • Why was it kept under a cot?* • Cot shows comfort of life. He keeps it under because he cannot sleep with lights on. But it may catch fire. What would happen in both cases? • In both cases it ended in loss. Lamp is word of God. It should be kept high in our life. *In the olden days people did not have match sticks and to light a fire it was difficult. So it was easy to keep the lamp on all the time. But it is difficult to sleep with light on. A busy life & a lazy life will stump all spiritual growth www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  31. 11.THE RICH FOOL -Luke: 12:16-21 • A rich man planned for his retirement. What is harm in planning? • It was only the fruit of his own hard • work and a rightful earning. • But he planned to store all only for himself and more than what he needed. • He was not bothered about eternity. Therefore God called him a fool because if he dies he cannot take anything with him. • He was not bothered about the needs of others. • Heaven is not a place for selfish beings. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  32. 12.Missing guests?Luke 12:36-39 • A king invited some of his noble men for a dinner. • But they were too proud or too busy to attend it. • May be they did not want to meet some body at that dinner • So each of them said an excuse and stayed behind. • The king became angry and invited all the poor people to the dinner. So the noble men were rejected. • Cant they do those jobs after the dinner? • So also a lot of people miss God’s blessings while others rise up to do His work. We shall miss the chance to sit at the banquet if we are too busy with our matters.- Don’t reject God’s invitations www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  33. 13.WATCHFUL AND READY AT ODD HOURS- Luke12:36-48 • The Master went abroad leaving the properties to the custody of the steward. • The steward is one who should take care of all the workers, their work, the property and the returns and the safety of every thing. • But if he bosses over the people and ill treats them and does not care for the property and • If the master would return at unexpected time • What would the Master do with such unfaithful servant? • Jesus said, that He also would come at odd hour • Or death may over take us by surprise. What duty was assigned to us that we may be accounted for? • God has blessed us with so many good things in life. What did we do with that for Him? Are we supposed to lead a life according to our wishes? Jesus warned of a Sudden coming 12:40-48 www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  34. Summary of part 1- What are the changes needed in our lives? • Traditions may not fit in with the doctrine of Jesus- Self righteousness • Finding fault with others will not help us- Accusations • God does not approve and outward show of religion- Hypocrisy • God forgives both a great and an ordinary sinner- Self esteem • Worldly matters make us unproductive to God- Disregard for word of God • Showing mercy to helpless and needy is an accepted service before God- Merciless • God is waiting to receive us. Time of Grace is running out - Procrastination • If we are not armed enemy will defeat us in no time.- Lack of vigilance • People are too busy or very lazy will lose all spiritual blessings soon- Worldliness • A man who lives for himself is not worthy of Eternity in Heaven.- selfishness • If are not watchful and faithful we will lose the Blessings in store for us-Unfaithful • Jesus will come suddenly to judge the earth. Should we continue in a life of self will? www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  35. PART II Be prepared for God's judgment day www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  36. KINGDOM OF HEAVEN KINGDOM OF GOD www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com HOW TO CHANGE

  37. 14.Barren Fig Tree-Luke 13:6-9 • Why did Jesus say this story? • Because the people thought the people who perish are wicked. • Jesus told them all would perish but the time of Grace is finishing soon. • Fig tree is supposed to yield fruit or else it would be cut off • People who enjoy God’s goodness must be fruitful. What is fruitfulness? A tree produces fruits for others to enjoy. A good Christian life is not selfish one. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  38. 15.TIME OF GRACE running out-Lk 13. 6-9 • The gardener is compassionate about the fig tree. Why? He knows the hard work in raising a tree. • Why was the landlord upset? He wants returns. • Because the land has a price and the farmer gets paid; but he gets nothing! • A fig when it brings new leaves means it is going to yield. But this tree was just deceiving! • Does it reflect bad on the farmer or the tree? • Do we live on Grace? What is the fruit expected? • ‘Cut it off and cast in the fire’, was the decision. Jesus told them about the Judgment Lk10:12-14 • And Eternal life Luke 10:25,37 • Do we play hide & seek with God? www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  39. Another twin parable! • Leaven is yeast that is useful for making bread. But if it works too long it will make the whole dough useless. • Mustard is a herb that is used in festival and food. • But too much of it will cause bitterness • Bible says, “be angry but sin not.”. We are human beings with anger, envy, jealousy hatred, bitterness and wickedness. But if it goes out of control and measure, it will destroy our whole life! www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  40. 16.MUSTARD SEED IN A FRUIT GARDEN? • YEAST THAT DESTROYS SLOWLY- Luke 13:19-21 • Mustard seed and the leaven- A twin parable • Mustard seed- A sign of bitterness • Fowls of the air (as in the sower’s parable) represent agents of the devil. • Birds coming to shelter under the mustard shrubs will make the place a stench. • Hatred and anger and envy & adultery are called as leaven in the Bible. • Leaven is something hidden and unseen at work –leaven is unwanted in festival. It is the hypocrisy of the Pharisees- pride and arrogance. • Some sins are hidden deep inside the heart and destroys the person totally. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  41. Bitter herbs • Mustard grows into a short bushy plant not more than five feet high and have yellow flowers. Birds do find shelter under them. Hatred and bitterness are small seed that grows into a bush and shelters many wicked things like hatred, anger, murder etc. • It is like the bushes and shrubs under which the penguins in Australia find shelter under because they do not know how to build a nest. They make so much of noise and make the whole place a stench. • A herb is not supposed to be grown among fruit trees in a garden. The man threw the seed casually there. • At Passover the Jews used bitter herbs to denote the hard life they had in Egypt and a warning they should not do the same with strangers www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  42. Leaven at Passover • Leaven or yeast was used for baking the bread throughout the year. • But once in a year at Passover it was totally removed from the land. • Yeast works quietly and hidden and makes the dough puffed up. • If it is not baked in time it would continue to work and finally the whole dough would be wasted away. • A timely correction is needed to remove all our pride arrogance and evil nature or else the whole life would be destroyed • Notice this is also a twin parable as at the beginning. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  43. 17.The guests who did not attend a king’s feast Luke 14:16-24 • A king made a great feast and invited his lords. • They missed the great banquet because they • were too busy with their own matters • Cant they do those jobs after the dinner? • The king became angry and ordered that all the poor people be gathered in for the feast. So the unexpected people rushed in • Don’t we see that a lot of people getting spiritually blessed and not rising up to do the ministry? • We shall miss the chance to sit at the banquet if we reject His invitation to repent and are too busy with our own matters. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  44. 18. A king Goes to war – Luke.14: 28-33 • A king who goes to war or a man who wants to build a tower will plan before they launch • We plan for everything in life and nothing comes free • But people don’t plan for their life after death • Jesus said we cannot serve God and worldly things. • We have to give up one thing. • A king who cannot fight is not ashamed to give up. If we are not planned for Eternity we will end up in shame and loss www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  45. 19.LOST SHEEP–God’sgoodness.Lk. 15:3-7 • Sheep are of great concern to the shepherdbecause he sacrifices much of his comfort and health to care for the sheep.- Not let it fall a prey to the wolf or fall into the hands of the robber who don’t benefit the sheep but themselves. • Did the shepherd get angry at the foolishness of the sheep which goes astray seeking its own pleasure? It was lost and found. • Think of God’s love seeking sinners www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  46. 20.The lost coinLk. 15:8-10 • Jesus told this parable because the Pharisees accused Him for receiving sinners. Neither they would accept Him nor would allow the poor to stick to Him! • The coins mentioned in the parable were a part of jewelry worn on the forehead as a sign of chastisity of a virgin. A lost coin indicates a lost character. • The woman who lost it was not bad. It was her careless ness that caused the problem. That is why she was more concerned about searching for it. • Why do people commit sin? Whose fault if they are not guided properly? • Hidden and found out. Earnestness in setting the life right • Make a good heart search www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  47. 21. Who was left out?- Not the ProdigalLk. 15:11-32 • Jesus told this story because the Pharisees criticized Him for eating with sinners. • It is true that the prodigal lost the wealth because of his recklessness and disobedience. He was like a stray sheep who brought damage to himself and the father • The elder brother was not happy about his brother’s return. He was standing outside not participating in the celebration. Is that the attitude we have towards people who have gone astray? Do we stand with the elder son outside? God wants earnestness in coming back • Be compassionate to sinners if you are to be a soul winner. Do we criticize their culture or sympathize? • God is waiting to receive sinners. Do we help them? www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  48. Summary of Part 2- Judgment and Eternity • God expects us to be fruitful in our lives.- Be fruitful • Bitterness envy anger and hypocrisy will destroy us totally If we reject God’s invitation to return we will lose the blessings He wants to give us.- Be watchful of hidden sins • If we don’t plan for eternity we will end up in shame and loss- Live with eternity in view. • God is seeking after a lost sinner. Be kind to sinners • If we faithfully seek we will be redeemed- Be earnest • Thinking that we are better than others will find us only standing outside the door- Be compassionate • Part 2 is addressed to the believers also www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  49. PART III Why to change? REWARD AND ETERNITY www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com

  50. 22. Unprofitable servantsLuke 17. 7-10 • Disciples asked Jesus to Increase their faith. • They wanted to do great miracles like Him • Jesus did not suggest that kind of change • Miracles are done only by grace • And are not to be done for self esteem or honour • Jesus wanted them to learn humility. When we call ourselves as unworthy servants, God will do great things through us. • God does great things thru humble people • The Pharisees were proud and arrogant but their ministry did not benefit people and God. So they needed a change. www.drnjpaul.com drnjpaul@gmail.com