Strategies to unlock your research potential
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Strategies to unlock your research potential. Eighth Biennial National Health Occupations Curriculum Conference Houston, TX October 29 – Nov 2, 2002. by Janice R. Sandiford, PhD College of Education Florida International University Miami, FL 33199 (305) 348-3996 [email protected]

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Eighth biennial national health occupations curriculum conference houston tx october 29 nov 2 2002 l.jpg
Eighth BiennialNational Health Occupations Curriculum ConferenceHouston, TX October 29 – Nov 2, 2002

Slide3 l.jpg

  • by

  • Janice R. Sandiford, PhD

  • College of Education

  • Florida International University

  • Miami, FL 33199

  • (305) 348-3996

  • [email protected]

Objectives l.jpg

  • Realize your research potential

  • Begin to think of some research topics

  • Conduct some research in your field

  • Guide your students in the conduct of research

  • Publish your research

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Research Process

  • Inductive

  • Deductive

  • Involves methodology

    • Quantitative

    • Qualitative

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The Research Process



(theory, literature








* Empirical observation

Data collection

Rudestam & Newton

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Actual Process

  • Select a topic

  • Review the literature

  • Determine the method

  • Collect the data

  • Analyze the data

  • Write the report

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Select a topic

  • Topic of interest to you

  • Manageable

  • Personably meaningful

  • Emotionally unattached

  • Useful to others

  • Willing to share

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What questions do you have about the topic?

Demonstrate the truth

Uncover a process

Re evaluate other studies

Resolve a problem

Test a theory

Explain a phenomenon

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How can we turn those questions into research questions?

Relationship between variables, phenomena, concepts or ideas

I wonder l.jpg
I wonder

I wonder



I wonder

I wonder




I wonder

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Concept Mapping

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Check point

  • Is the question clear and researchable?

  • Is the question within the context of previous study? or . . .

  • Is there a definable theory?

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Review the literatureThorough review

  • Expands upon the relationship between the proposed study and what has already been presented.

  • Discusses the distinction between previous research

  • Guides the reader

  • Selective but thorough

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Review the literatureIn search of theory

  • Clarifies the relationship between the proposed study and demonstrates why it is important

  • Indicates distinction between previous research

  • Develops a theme

  • Selective

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Refine the problem statement

The purpose of the study is to . . .

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Determine the method

  • The Purpose of the study - the research question - drives the methodology

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Research Plan

  • What is the type of study design?

  • What must be done to “tighten” the design?

  • Have the extraneous variables been considered?

  • Is the design defensible?

  • Is the population appropriate?

  • Does the question drive the methodology?

  • What instrument do you plan to use?

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Research Plan Components

  • Introduction

  • Method

  • Data Analysis

  • Time schedule

  • Budget

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Explores meanings





Generates facts


Research Design

Quantitative l.jpg





Product oriented

Results on facts

Guiding designs



Qualitative l.jpg


Grounded theory

Case study

Phenomeno-logical study

Personal voice



Natural setting

Results in understanding


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The second hardest part of doing research is the time it takes to produce a good plan

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Collect the data

  • Subjects - population - sample

  • Instrument to measure construct you are trying to measure

  • Human subject clearance

  • Informed consent

  • Collect the data

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Analyze the data

  • Statistical technique or techniques to be used

  • Driven by the hypotheses

  • Determined by

    • how groups formed

    • how many treatments

    • independent variables

    • kind of data

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Analyze the data

  • Included in plan

  • Obtain assistance

  • Computer very handy tool to use in analyzing data

  • Find appropriate software

    • op scan

    • input direct

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Analyze the data

  • Nominal data

  • Ordinal data

  • Interval data

  • Ratio data

  • Descriptive

  • Inferential

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Write the report

  • Introduction

    • description of problem

    • review of literature

    • statement of hypothesis

    • operational terms

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Write the report

  • Method

    • description of subjects

    • description of instruments

    • description of design

    • description of the procedure

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Write the report

  • Results

    • describes statistical techniques and level of pre-determined confidence

    • description of results for each hypothesis

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Write the report

  • Discussion

    • interpretation of results

    • conclusions

    • recommendations

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Write the report

  • References

  • Appendices

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Publish the report

  • Serves the interests of the professional community

  • Progress in research requires it

  • Reflects your credentials as a researcher

  • Could be rejected!

  • You might need to revise!

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Present at a professional meeting

  • Share new knowledge and research findings

  • Watch for “call for papers”

  • Follow the guidelines

  • 10 minutes to present paper

Your journal l.jpg
Your Journal

  • Journal of Health Occupations Education

  • On-line at

  • Twice per year

  • Dr. Larry Hudson editor

  • Your journal

  • Want your research

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  • You are a researcher

  • You have the necessary skills to conduct research

  • You have important data to share with your colleagues

  • You need to guide your students in the research process

Questions l.jpg