Protection of Civilians in situations of armed conflict UNITAR International Migration Law Course 16 June 2011 New York Robert M. Young ICRC NYC. Protection of Civilians in situations of armed conflict. International Committee of the Red Cross.
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International Migration Law Course
16 June 2011
Robert M. Young
an impartial, neutral and independent
exclusively humanitarian mission is
to protect the lives and dignity of victims
of armed conflict
and other situations of violence and
to provide them with assistance.
The ICRC endeavors to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles.
International Committee of the Red Cross
A set of international rules, established by treaty or custom, which are specifically intended to solve humanitarian problems directly arising from international or non-international armed conflicts and which, for humanitarian reasons, limit the right of parties to a conflict to use the methods and means of warfare of their choice or protect persons and property that are, or may be, affected by an armed conflict.
Also known as: Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC) or Law of War
The rules which, in times of armed conflict, seek to protect persons who are not, or no longer, taking part in the hostilities, and to restrict the methods and means of warfare employed
United Nations Charter
International humanitarian law
e.g., judicial decisions, resolutions of the International Red Cross/Crescent Conference.
Geneva Conventions of 1949
Broad sense: Ensuring the full respect of the rights of the individual and the obligations of the authorities/arms carriers in accordance with the letter and the spirit of the relevant bodies of law and, therefore, to preserve people's safety, integrity and dignity.
Strict sense: Those activities aimed at preventing or putting an end to and/or avoiding the recurrence of violations of their obligations or the rights of individuals by the authorities/arms carriers in accordance with the letter and spirit of IHL and other protective norms in situations of armed violence.
Particular violations of IHL causing displacement:
(Customary IHL, rules 129 & 131).
Europe & The Americas
$ 164.2 million
Middle East & North Africa
Asia & The Pacific
$ 280.6 million
SOME FIGURES… Societies
Food distribution in 2010:
Over 4.9 million persons assisted
Sustainable Food Production Programmes or Microeconomic Initiatives:
Over 3.2 million people assisted
Water, sanitation and construction activities:
Helped more than 10 million people
Medical and other health-related activities:
A fundamental feature of ICRC operations, these activities benefited some 5.2 million people.
The ICRC visited 500,928 detainees in 1,783 places of detention in 2010.
30,674 of these detainees were monitored individually