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TEST 9 REVIEW

TEST 9 REVIEW

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TEST 9 REVIEW

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  1. TEST 9 REVIEW Mrs. Chustz—Biology II The Circulatory System

  2. A) increased circulation to the heart • B) larger muscles • C) a narrowing of the inner walls of the coronary arteries due to buildup of fatty materials. • D) a widening of inner walls of blood vessels as a result of a heart attack. Atherosclerosis is characterized by:

  3. A) increased circulation to the heart • B) larger muscles • C) a narrowing of the inner walls of the coronary arteries due to buildup of fatty materials. • D) a widening of inner walls of blood vessels as a result of a heart attack. Atherosclerosis is characterized by:

  4. A) residual • B) diastolic • C) barometric • D) systolic The pressure exerted on the inner walls of the arteries when the heart relaxes between beats is the____________.

  5. A) residual • B) diastolic • C) barometric • D) systolic The pressure exerted on the inner walls of the arteries when the heart relaxes between beats is the____________.

  6. A) systolic pressure • B) diastolic pressure • C) arterial relaxation • D) hypertension The force exerted against the arterial walls when the heart contracts is called:

  7. A) systolic pressure • B) diastolic pressure • C) arterial relaxation • D) hypertension The force exerted against the arterial walls when the heart contracts is called:

  8. A) capillaries • B) arterioles • C) veins • D) venules The smallest and most abundant blood vessels in the body are the:

  9. A) capillaries • B) arterioles • C) veins • D) venules The smallest and most abundant blood vessels in the body are the:

  10. COMPLETION: The left and the right sides of the heart are divided by the________.

  11. COMPLETION: Septum The left and the right sides of the heart are divided by the________.

  12. COMPLETION: The distal pointed end of the heart is called the:

  13. COMPLETION: APEX The distal pointed end of the heart is called the:

  14. COMPLETION: What is the formula to calculate cardiac output?

  15. CO= Heart rate X Stroke volume

  16. True or False The vein is stronger and more elastic than the artery.

  17. True or False The vein is stronger and more elastic than the artery.

  18. Completion: Oxygenated blood from the lungs is received by the_____________.

  19. Completion: Oxygenated blood from the lungs is received by the_____________.

  20. Completion: Left Atrium Oxygenated blood from the lungs is received by the_____________.

  21. The_________system transports oxygen, carbon dioxide, food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  22. The circulatory system transports oxygen, carbon dioxide, food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  23. A) arrhythmia • B) murmur • C) endocardia • D) cardiac abnormality The term used to describe an abnormal heart rate is:

  24. A) arrhythmia • B) murmur • C) endocardia • D) cardiac abnormality The term used to describe an abnormal heart rate is:

  25. A) SA node • B) Perkinje fibers • C) AV node • D) atriums Electrical impulses in the heart are relayed to the ventricles by the:

  26. A) SA node • B) Perkinje fibers • C) AV node • D) atriums Electrical impulses in the heart are relayed to the ventricles by the:

  27. A) blood present in the aorta • B) blood present in the pulmonary veins • C) blood present in the left atrium • D) blood present in the left ventricle Oxygenated or deoxygenated?

  28. A) blood present in the aorta • B) blood present in the pulmonary veins • C) blood present in the left atrium • D) blood present in the left ventricle Oxygenatedor deoxygenated?

  29. 200/100 • 120/80 • 80/40 • None of the above A young adult with a normal blood pressure:

  30. 200/100 • 120/80 • 80/40 • None of the above A young adult with a normal blood pressure:

  31. 200/100 • 120/80 • 80/40 • None of the above A young adult with a low blood pressure:

  32. 200/100 • 120/80 • 80/40 • None of the above A young adult with a low blood pressure:

  33. Pulmonary • Systemic • Coronary • Intrinsic The flow of blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs is called______________circulation.

  34. Pulmonary • Systemic • Coronary • Intrinsic The flow of blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs is called______________circulation.

  35. Short answer: How big is the human heart?

  36. Short answer: About the size of the human fist How big is the human heart?

  37. Question: Why would someone’s pulse increase while smoking a cigarette?

  38. Answer: Nicotine causes blood vessels to constrict, therefore raising the blood pressure and resulting in the heart having to pump harder and faster to move the blood through the body. Why would someone’s pulse increase while smoking a cigarette?

  39. A) hypertension • B) bradycardia • C) high blood pressure • D) both a and c A young adult with a blood pressure of 200/100 would be classified as having:

  40. A) hypertension • B) bradycardia • C) high blood pressure • D) both a and c A young adult with a blood pressure of 200/100 would be classified as having:

  41. A) blood present in the right ventricle • B) blood present in the right atrium • C) blood present in the pulmonary artery Oxygenated or deoxygenated?

  42. A) blood present in the right ventricle • B) blood present in the right atrium • C) blood present in the pulmonary artery Oxygenated or deoxygenated?

  43. A) drugs that dissolve the clot • B) replacing the vessel with one from another part of the body • C) decreasing the amount of cholesterol in the diet • D) receiving a heart transplant • E) all of the above A person with a blocked coronary blood vessel may be helped by:

  44. A) drugs that dissolve the clot • B) replacing the vessel with one from another part of the body • C) decreasing the amount of cholesterol in the diet • D) receiving a heart transplant • E) all of the above A person with a blocked coronary blood vessel may be helped by:

  45. A) poor circulation • B) hypertension • C) low blood pressure • D) veins taking over the job Arteries that are too narrow for easy blood flow may result in:

  46. A) poor circulation • B) hypertension • C) low blood pressure • D) veins taking over the job Arteries that are too narrow for easy blood flow may result in:

  47. A) systolic pressure • B) diastolic pressure • C) systemic pressure • D) pulmonary pressure The bottom number of a blood pressure reading is called the:

  48. A) systolic pressure • B) diastolic pressure • C) systemic pressure • D) pulmonary pressure The bottom number of a blood pressure reading is called the:

  49. Which number indicates the mitral valve?

  50. Which number indicates the mitral valve? 3