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TAUHEED. DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL STUDIES RIPHAH INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD. islam. CONCEPT OF GOD IN WORLD RELIGIONS. JUDAISM. ONENESS OF GOD. CHRISTIANITY. TRINITY. TAUHEED. ISLAM. HINDUISM. TRINITY. BUDDHISM. NO CLEAR CONCEPT OF GOD. Islam. TAUHEED.

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tauheed

TAUHEED

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL STUDIES

RIPHAH INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD

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CONCEPT OF GOD IN WORLD RELIGIONS

JUDAISM

ONENESS OF GOD

CHRISTIANITY

TRINITY

TAUHEED

ISLAM

HINDUISM

TRINITY

BUDDHISM

NO CLEAR CONCEPT OF GOD

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TAUHEED

Literally Tawheed means "unification" (making something one) or "asserting oneness", and it comes from the Arabic verb (wahhada) which itself means to unite, unify or consolidate.

However, when the term Tawheed is used in reference to Allah (i.e. Tawheedullah), it means the realizing and maintaining of Allah's unity in all of man's actions which directly or indirectly relate to Him.

It is the belief that Allah is One, without partner in His dominion and His actions (Ruboobeeyah), One without similitude in His essence and attributes (Asmaa wa Sifaat), and One without rival in His divinity and in worship (Ulooheeyah/'Ebaadah).

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CATEGORIES OF TAWHEED

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Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah (Maintaining the unity of lordship)

Tawheed al –Asmaa was-Sifaat(Maintaining the Unity of Allah’s names and Attributes).

Tawheed al-Ebaadah (Maintaining The Unity of Worship)

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Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah (Maintaining the unity of lordship)

  • In Arabic the word used to describe this creator-sustainer quality is Ruboobeeyah which is derived from the root "Rabb" (Lord).

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This category is based on the fundamental concept that Allah alone caused all things to exist when there was nothing;

He sustains and maintains creation without any need from it or for it; and He is the sole Lord of the universe and its inhabitants without any real challenge to His sovereignty.

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Evidence from Quran and Sunnah

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Allâh is the Creator of all things

and He is the Wakîl (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc.) over all things

The Prophet (saws) further elaborated on this concept saying, "Be aware that if the whole of mankind gathered together in order to do something to help you, they would only be able to do something for you which Allah had already written for you. Likewise, if the whole of mankind gathered together to harm you, they would only be able to do something to harm you which Allah had already written to happen to you"

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Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat (Maintaining Unity of Allah's Names and Attributes).

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This category of Tawheed has some aspects:

For unity of Allah's names and attributes to be maintained in the first aspect.

Allah must be referred to according to how He and His Prophet (saws) have described Him without explaining away His names and attributes by giving them meanings other than their obvious meanings.

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In the third aspect of Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat Allah is referred to without giving Him the attributes of His creation. For example, it is claimed in the Bible and Torah that Allah spent the first six days creating the universe then slept on the seventh. For this reason, Jews and Christians take either Saturday or Sunday as a day of rest in which work is looked at as a sin.

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Tawheed al-'Ebaadah (Maintaining The Unity of Worship)

"If you asked them who created them, they would surely say, Allah (43:87)

You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

All forms of worship must be directed only to Allah because He alone deserves worship, and it is He alone who can grant benefit to man as a result of His worship

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Al Ikhlas

1.      Say (O Muhammad SAW):

"He is Allâh, (the) One

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Allah,

the Eternal, Absolute;

"He begets not, nor was He begotten

"And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him."

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SHIRK(POLYTHEISM)

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48. Verily, Allâh forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship,

but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases,

and whoever sets up partners with Allâh in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin.

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Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allâh, then Allâh has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. 

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TAUHEED

BELIEF OF EVERY PROPHET OF ALLAH

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DAWAH OF NOAH(A.S)

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O my people Worship Allâh! You have no other Ilâh (God) but Him. (Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh: none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh). 

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DAWAH OF HUD(A.S)

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O my people Worship Allâh! You have no other Ilâh (God) but Him. (Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh: none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh). 

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DAWAH OF SALIH(A.S)

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O my people Worship Allâh! You have no other Ilâh (God) but Him. (Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh: none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh). 

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DAWAH OF SHOIB(A.S)

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O my people Worship Allâh! You have no other Ilâh (God) but Him. (Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh: none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh). 

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DAWAH OF MUHAMMAD(S.A.W)

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Say (O Muhammad SAW):

"I am commanded only to worship Allâh (Alone) and not to join partners with Him.

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RATIONAL PROOF OF ALLAH

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Had there been therein (in the heavens and the earth) gods besides Allâh, then verily both would have been ruined. Glorified be Allâh, the Lord of the Throne,

(High is He) above what they attribute to Him!

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each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others!

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Say (O Muhammad SAW to these polytheists, pagans, etc.):

"If there had been other âliha (gods) along with Him as they assert, then they would certainly have sought out a way to the Lord of the Throne (seeking His Pleasures and to be near to Him).

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EFFECTS OF TAUHEED ON HUMAN LIFE

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BROADMINDEDNESS

A believer in this Kalimah can never be narrow in outlook. He believes in a ALLAH Who is the Creator of the heavens and the earth, the Master of the East and the West and Sustainer of the entire universe. After this belief he does not regard anything in the world as a stranger to himself. He looks on everything in the universe as belonging to the same Lord he himself belongs to. His sympathy, love and service are not confined to any particular sphere or group. His vision is enlarged, his intellectual horizon widens, and his outlook becomes as liberal and as boundless as is the Kingdom of God. How can this width of vision and breadth of mind be achieved by an atheist, a polytheist or one who believes in a deity supposed to possess limited and defective powers like a man?

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self-respect and self esteem

This belief produces in man the highest degree of self-respect and self esteem. The believer knows that Allah alone is the Possessor of all power, and that none besides Him can benefit or harm a person, or provide for his needs, or give and take away life or wield authority or influence. This conviction makes him indifferent to, and independent and fearless of, all powers other than those of God. He never bows his head in homage to any of Allah's creatures, nor does he stretch out his hand before anyone else. He is not overawed by anybody's greatness.

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Modesty and Humbleness

Along with self-respect this belief also generates in man a sense of modesty and humbleness. It makes him unostentatious and unpretending. A believer never becomes proud, haughty or arrogant. The boisterous pride of power, wealth and worth can have no room in his heart, because he knows that whatever he possesses has been given to him by God, and that ALLAH can take away just as He can give. In contrast to this, an unbeliever, when he achieves some worldly merit, becomes proud and conceited because he believes that his merit is due to his own worth.

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purity of soul and righteousness of behavior

This belief makes man virtuous and upright. He has the conviction that there is no other means of success and salvation for him except purity of soul and righteousness of behavior. He has perfect faith in ALLAH Who is above all need, is related to none and is absolutely just. This belief creates in him the consciousness that, unless he lives rightly and acts justly, he cannot succeed. No influence or underhand activity can save him from ruin. As against this, the kafirs and the mushriks always live on false hopes

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satisfaction

The believer never becomes despondent. He has a firm faith in ALLAH Who is Master of all the treasures of the earth and the heavens, Whose grace and bounty have no limit and Whose powers are infinite. This faith imparts to his heart extraordinary consolation, fills it with satisfaction and keeps it filled with hope. Although he may meet with rejection from all sides in this world, faith in and dependence on God never leave him, and on their strength he goes on struggling. Such profound confidence can result from no other belief than belief in one ALLAH.

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Patience and trust in ALLAH

This belief produces in man a very strong degree of determination, patient perseverance and trust in ALLAH. When he makes up his mind and devotes his resources to fulfilling the Divine Commands in order to secure Allah's pleasure, he is sure that he has the support and backing of the Lord of the universe. This certainty makes him firm and strong like a mountain, and no amount of difficulties, impediments and opposition can make him give up his resolution. Shirk, kufr and atheism have no such effect.

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Bravery

This declaration inspires bravery in man. There are two things which make a man cowardly: (i) fear of death and love of safety, and (ii) the idea that there is someone else besides God who can take away life and that man, by adopting certain devices, can ward off death. Belief in La ilaha illallah purges the mind of both these ideas. The first idea goes out of his mind because he knows that his life and his property and everything else really belong to God, and he becomes ready to sacrifice his all for His pleasure. He gets rid of the second idea because he knows that no weapon, no man or animal has the power of taking away his life; God alone has the power to do so.

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contentment

The belief in La ilaha illallah creates an attitude of peace and contentment, purges the mind of jealousy, envy and greed and keeps away the temptations of resorting to base and unfair means for achieving success. The believer understands that wealth is in God's hands, and He apportions it out as He likes; that honor, power, reputation and authority - everything - is subjected to His will, and He bestows them as He will; and that man's duty is only to Endeavour and to struggle fairly. He knows that success and failure depend on God's grace; if He wills to give, no power in the world can prevent Him from so doing; and if He does not will it, no power can force Him to.

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Man obey and observe Allah's Law

The most important effect of La ilaha illallah is that it makes manobey and observe God's Law. One who has belief in it is sure that God knows everything hidden or open and is nearer to him than his own jugular vein. If he commits a sin in a secluded corner and in the darkness of night, He knows it; He even knows our thoughts and intentions, bad or good. We can hide from everyone, but we cannot hide anything from ALLAH; we can evade everyone, but it is impossible to evade Allah's grip.

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Questions and Answers

والله ولي التوفيق..