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Bukavu ( D.R. Congo). Comité de la Fédération de Solidarité avec l'Afrique Noire http://www.umoya.org. The Congo, COLTAN War … and… Your Cell Phone. Where is the Democratic Republic of Congo ? And what does it have to do with your cell phone ?. Democratic Republic of Congo.

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slide1

Bukavu ( D.R. Congo)

Comité de la Fédération de Solidarité avec l'Afrique Noire

http://www.umoya.org

slide2

The Congo,COLTAN War…

and…

YourCell Phone

slide3

Where is the Democratic Republic of Congo?

And what does it have to do with your cell phone ?

slide4

DemocraticRepublic of Congo

Population : 70 million people.

Life expectancy : 47 years.

Surface area : 2 340 000 km²

Capital : Kinshasa

Président : Joseph Kabila

The world’s largest ecologic and mineral reserves

It has 80% of the world’s coltan.

slide5

What is Coltan ?

  • « white Gold »
  • Coltan is an abbreviation for the minerals columbite and tantalium.
  • It is very rare in nature
  • It is a strategic resource for the development of new technologies .

Col + tan = coltán

slide6

What is it used for ?

For making :

Cell phones, GPS, satellites, radio guided missiles, televisions plasma screens, video game consoles, computers, laptops, PDA, MP3, MP4, rockets, drones, electronic games, cameras...

slide7

Where is it found?

  • Thaïlande 5 %
  • Brésil 5 %
  • Afrique 80 %
  • Australia10 %
slide10

How is coltan mined?

  • Coltan is mined by hand under primitive conditions.
slide12

A typical coltan miner

A good worker can produce

1 kilo of coltan a day.

Average salery for a paid worker in the Congo

10$ a month.

Many work as unpaid or slave laborers

The technology boom has caused the price of coltan to soar to 500$ a kilo.Companies like Bayer, Nokia et Sony push the price war

slide13

Who works in the mines ?

- Young farmers and herders who have their land.

- War refugees.

- Prisoners of war.

- Thousands of children, whose small bodies can easily crawl in tiny spaces within the mines

  • Always guarded by soldiers.
slide14

Consequences of the situation;

  • Forests and fields are transformed into swamps.
  • Boys and girls no longer go to school.
  • Numerous illness due to; lack of potable water, lack of food, hard labor, exposure to contagious diseases ,such as HIV, all lead to early death
  • Armed groups fight to control coltan rich areas.
  • Each kilo of extracted Coltan cost the lives of two children.
  • Many children die as the result of landslides and mine collapses
slide15

Other consequences;

  • Thousands of forced displacements
  • Thousands forced to flee their homes
  • Millions of refugees.
  • Sexual violence against women and young girls.
slide16

Consequences for people and wildlife

  • To extract coltan the national parks of the Congo have been invaded.
  • Workers in coltan mines work from sunrise to sunset.
  • They live off the land in the mountains, depleting resources.
  • They no longer farm agricultural areas.
  • The elephants population has been reduced80%.
  • The gorilles population had been reduced90%.
slide17

Who finances these disasters?

  • A UN report has denounced the exploitation of the natural resources of the Congo
  • Reports implicate Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi in the trafficing of Coltan. These countries in turn use the profits to continue the wars in the Congo. Who do they buy their arms from?
  • It has been estimated that the Rwandan army has received at least 250 millions dollars in 18 months thanks to the sale of coltan, even it Rwanda itself has no coltan.

The implicated countries all denie thier involvement in the coltan trade.

slide18

Why should they stop this war?

International companies like:NokiaAlcatelAppleNikonEricssonBayer...Are highlighted in the UN reports as«  profiteers ».They help finance the coltan wars and sustain corupt governments

slide19

Why has the international community not stopped this war?

  • Because the principal manufacturers of; computers, cellphones and video games… do not want it to stop,
  • Under pressure from numerous governemnts,the media avoids talking about it.
  • Stopping the war would force companies to obtain coltan legitimately at fair market value, while insuring humaine work conditions, thus increasing the cost of coltan and decreasing comapny profits
slide20

What can be done?

LET THE WORLD KNOW WHAT IS GOING ON

  • DENOUNCEwhat is happening.
    • Spread the word to others
    • Think about how you can reduce consumption
    • Buy from companies that have pledged to use “Conflict Free Minerals”
    • Set up recycling points for cell phones and electronics
slide21

And You?… And Me ?…

Keep informed and share what you know

  • Youtube.
  • Texts
  • Facebook.
  • Twitter…

Tell your friends,tes family, tes coworkers…

A better future for the congolese people depends on you !

slide22

In Conclusion…

The Congo is the poorest country in the world despite being the worlds richest depository of natural resources

The country is bled by the greed of multinational companies in collusion with major governments.Our life style and hunger for technology feeds the violence and human rights abuses in the Congo.