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Developing Procedures for Water Quality Reporting for National Parks. Adventures in Redeveloping Procedures for Water Quality Reporting in National Park Units. Dean Tucker and Michael Matz, National Park Service Charles Spooner, Environmental Protection Agency

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developing procedures for water quality reporting for national parks

Developing Procedures for Water Quality Reporting for National Parks

Adventures in Redeveloping

Procedures for Water

Quality Reporting

in National Park Units

Dean Tucker and Michael Matz, National Park Service

Charles Spooner, Environmental Protection Agency

Dwane Young and Randy Dodd, RTI, International

Robert Deffenbaugh and Cindy McKay, Horizon Systems

Lassen Volcanic National Park, CA

slide2
The National Park Service cares for 384 National Park Units in 49 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico & the Virgin Islands.

Salem Maritime National Historic Site, MA

slide3
Places with faces…

Mount Rushmore National Memorial, SD

Channel Islands National Park, CA

Yellowstone National Park, WY

slide4

Theodore Roosevelt National Park, ND

…and wide open spaces.

slide5
Places where you can walk the battlefield that changed the tide of the Civil War…

Gettysburg National Military Park, PA

slide6
…or learn about the man who made civil rights a reality.

Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site, GA

slide7
Places that help us remember the pain…

Andersonville National Historic Site, GA

slide8
…the people…

Lincoln Memorial, DC

slide12
Places with inspiring stories...

Statue of Liberty / Ellis Island National Monument, NY

slide13
…and places that give us stories to tell.

Virgin Islands National Park, VI

jean lafitte national historical park and preserve
Jean LaFitteNational Historical Park and Preserve

The center is located at 419 Decatur Street in the French Quarter.   The center is a site of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, established in 1978 to help preserve and interpret the cultural diversity of the Mississippi Delta region.  Rangers at the French Quarter Visitor Center can provide information about other park sites, facilities, and programs.

Call (504) 589-2636 for further information.

French Quarter

Visitor Center

In New Orleans

slide15

The Mission

The National Park System Caring for the American Legacy

"...to promote and regulate the use of the...national parks...which purpose is to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations."

National Park Service Organic Act, 16 U.S.C.1.

water resources of the national park system
Water Resources of theNational Park System
  • 137,400 miles of rivers & streams
  • 1,550 miles of CWA 303(d) impaired rivers & streams
water resources of the national park system1
Water Resources of theNational Park System
  • 5,024,000 acres of lakes, reservoirs, estuaries and marine areas
  • 742,260 acres of CWA 303(d) impaired lakes, reservoirs, estuaries, and marine areas
slide19

National Park Service

Water Quality Management

  • CWA governs WQ in the NPS
  • Seek ONRW or OSRW status
  • Condition NPDES permits
  • Cooperate with external land managers
  • Restoration and/or mitigation
  • Evaluate existing data and collect new data
slide20

National Park Service

Water Quality Management

  • Servicewide Inventory and Monitoring Program
        • Water Quality Data
        • Water Body Location and Classification
  • Natural Resource Challenge – Water Quality – Vital Signs Networks
baseline water quality data inventory and analysis reports
Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory and Analysis Reports

Goal:

“...to provide descriptive water quality information

in a format usable for resource management and

park planning in furtherance of the NPS’ mission.”

baseline water quality data inventory and analysis reports1
Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory and Analysis Reports

Objectives:

  • To retrieve water quality and related data from the EPA’s STORET and other data systems;
  • To develop a complete inventory of retrieved data;
  • To characterize period-of-record, annual, and seasonal central tendencies and trends with descriptive statistics and appropriate graphics;
baseline water quality data inventory and analysis reports2
Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory and Analysis Reports

Objectives:

  • To compare water quality data with relevant EPA and WRD screening criteria;
  • To determine the presence/absence of “Level I” water quality data; and
  • To establish a park (and national) water quality database
  • To guide new monitoring efforts
baseline water quality data inventory and analysis reports3
Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory and Analysis Reports

Status:

  • 234 Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory and Analysis Reports at parks
  • http://www.nature.nps.gov/water/horizon.htm
  • Need to prepare reports for 40 more parks
redeveloping report procedures
Redeveloping Report Procedures
  • Modernized STORET
  • Legacy STORET
  • USGS NWIS
  • Other Sources
slide27

Problems/Issues/Editorials

  • Limited to 30,000 results retrieved from modernized STORET Web Warehouse
  • STORET Web Warehouse doesn’t contain all the data in STORET
slide28

Problems/Issues/Editorials

  • NPS will run copies of National STORET and STORET Web Warehouse on its servers (also Legacy STORET)
  • Periodic refreshes from EPA
slide29

36˚ 51’ 51.98’’

Display Results

Grand Canyon National

Park and Study Area

Create Max/Min Lat/Lon

Bounding Rectangle

Retain Only those Stations and Results from the Study Area

Pull Data from Modernized and Legacy STORET, NWIS, and Other Sources

113˚ 58’ 55.65’’

111˚ 35’ 58.32’’

35˚ 45’ 2.57’’

Retrieval Example for Grand Canyon National Park

slide30

Problems/Issues/Editorials

  • Characteristics vs. Parameter Codes
  • Remark Codes
  • Units of Measure
slide31
Medium

Matrix

Fraction

Field/Lab

Unit of Measure

Temperature Basis

Duration Basis

Weight Basis

Statistic Type

Particle Basis

Additional Info*

Method

Value Type

CAS Number

Parameter Code/Characteristic

Harmonization

Adopt Modernized STORET’s “normalized” approach:

*Additional Info isn’t a field in Modernized STORET

slide32

Parameter Code/Characteristic

Harmonization

  • 424 Parameter Codes from Legacy STORET
  • 524 Parameter Codes from NWIS
  • Map to characteristic name or pseudo-characteristic name and up to 14 attributes

Nitrogen organic (1275), Water, Total, Lab, mg/l

slide33

Remark Code Harmonization

  • Remark codes from Legacy STORET and NWIS mapped to appropriate report database fields

Legacy STORET Remark Codes

‘A’ = Value is the mean of two or more determinations

Set:

  • Value Type: Calculated
  • Statistic Type: Mean

NWIS Remark Codes

‘<‘ = Actual value is known to be less than the value shown

Set:

  • Detection Limit: the result value
  • Result Value as Text: *Non-detect
  • Result Value: Null
slide34

Units of Measure

  • Legacy STORET and NWIS Parameter Code Units of Measure will be converted to the EPA’s “Standard Units” for the characteristic.
  • Standardized Units of Measure from all data sources will be converted to Preferred Units based on characteristic and medium.
slide35

Characteristic Permutations

(CP Codes)

CP Code

Description

  • Result records will include 28 character CP Codes
slide36

Other Database Standardization

Features

  • Unique autogenerated Station IDs based on location
  • Removal of duplicate data
  • Data QC (erroneous values, etc.)
slide37

Process Schematic to Generate an

Integrated Access Database

Define a Study Area

Query Web or Local Servers

Compile Data

Integrate/Harmonize Data, Remove Duplicates, QC

Create Integrated Access Database

slide38

Generate Tables and Graphics,

Compile Report

Station/Characteristic Period of Record Tabulation

Individual Station Descriptive Statistics

Individual Station Box & Whiskers Plots

slide39

Generate Tables and Graphics,

Compile Report

  • 20+ complex tables in Microsoft Word
  • Time Series, Seasonal and Annual Box & Whisker Plots
  • Hyperlinks
  • Compiled together into one document, then converted to Adobe PDF.
  • Invented new technology to make it work
  • Broke down report into its individual components, with each component having properties
slide40

Summary

  • National Parks managed to leave resources unimpaired
  • Water quality in at least 110 units of the National Park System is impaired
  • Baseline Water Quality Reports
  • Prelude to additional inventory & monitoring activities
  • Share documented data in an open system

Jean LaFitte National Historical Park and Preserve – Barataria Unit

slide41
Contact Info:Dean F. Tucker(970)-225-3516Dean_Tucker@NPS.GOVMichael M. Matz(970)-225-3514Mike_Matz@Partner.NPS.GOV