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Confucianism, Legalism, Buddhism, and Taoism in China PowerPoint Presentation
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Confucianism, Legalism, Buddhism, and Taoism in China

Confucianism, Legalism, Buddhism, and Taoism in China

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Confucianism, Legalism, Buddhism, and Taoism in China

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  1. Confucianism,Legalism, Buddhism, and Taoismin China

  2. Confucianism • Founded by Kongfuzi (Reverend Master Kong)- became Westernized into Confucius • About 500 BCE • Family is the center of all social relationships

  3. Confucianism • Five Basic Relationships: Ruler-Subject; Father-Son; Husband-Wife; Older Brother-Younger Brother; Friend-Friend • Reverence for the past and ancestors

  4. Confucianism • Reciprocity (Negative Golden Rule)

  5. Legalism • Based on the premise that humans are, by their nature, evil creatures • Government power is needed to force obedience • Severe punishment of wrongdoers • Sharp contrast with Confucianism • Confucianism focuses on internal motivation, while Legalism focuses on external motivation

  6. Buddhism in China • Offered an escape from the suffering of life on earth • Promised salvation to the good and punishment for the wicked • By giving up desire, one can reach nirvana

  7. Buddhism in China • Entered China during the first century C.E. • One of the few influences from outside China to have an impact on China

  8. Taoism - Basic Beliefs • Founded by Lao Zi • Civilization is corrupt and has too many artificial rules • People need to return to simplicity and nature

  9. Taoism - Basic Beliefs • Tao means The Way - attain the Tao through nature worship

  10. Taoism and Chinese society • The best gov’t is the one with the fewest rules (rules are artificial) • Confucian rules for society are useless because they’re artificial (not natural!)

  11. Taoism and the supernatural • There is a belief in a spirit world • Spirits inhabit the world around us • Ancestors can have a strong influence on you and your relatives--remember dead relatives in a special way

  12. Relax and go with the flow If you let muddy water alone, It will clear up by itself A tree too big to stretch your arms around grew from the tiniest sprout Water is the softest and weakest thing on earth. Rock is the hardest and strongest thing on earth Yet nothing’s better for wearing down rock than water Taoism - Quotes

  13. The Yin and Yang • Harmony happens when they’re kept in balance • Yin - quiet energy, nightime, feminine • Yang - active energy, daytime, masculine