Achieving blue growth in aquaculture through maritime spatial planning
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Achieving Blue Growth in Aquaculture through Maritime Spatial Planning. Koen Van den Bossche DG Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. Blue Growth Project: objective. Contribution of the blue economy Europe's growth – maritime dimension of Europe 2020

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Achieving blue growth in aquaculture through maritime spatial planning
Achieving Blue Growth in Aquaculture through Maritime Spatial Planning

Koen Van den Bossche

DG Maritime Affairs and Fisheries


Blue growth project objective
Blue Growth Project: objective Spatial Planning

  • Contribution of the blue economy Europe's growth – maritime dimension of Europe 2020

  • Considerable potential for sustainable growth in all maritime areas:

    • Where are these opportunities;

    • What are the bottlenecks;

    • Which are the facilitating policy interventions.

  • Impressive growth rates:

    Current: GAV €485 billion, 5.4 million employed

    2020: GVA € 590 billion, 7 million employed


Where are these opportunities
Where are these opportunities? Spatial Planning

Five areas of particular Blue Growth interest

  • Blue Energy

  • Aquaculture

  • Maritime, coastal and cruise tourism

  • Marine mineral resources

  • Blue biotechnology


Aquaculture in the eu
Aquaculture in the EU Spatial Planning

  • 1.3 million tons production

  • Worth 3.1 billion €

  • 80.000 direct jobs


Blue growth job creation in coastal and inland areas
Blue growth: job creation in coastal and inland areas Spatial Planning

  • With current labour productivity, every 1%of our seafood consumption produced by EU aquaculture will help creating 3-4.000 full-time jobs

  • Mostly in coastal and rural areas, important local impact


Aquaculture and food security filling the gap
Aquaculture and Food Spatial Planningsecurity: filling the gap


Some of the bottlenecks
Some of the bottlenecks Spatial Planning

  • Reduce administrative burdens

  • Facilitate access to water and space


1 reduce administrative burdens
1. Reduce administrative burdens Spatial Planning

  • Time to get a licence for a new…

    • Agricultural farm: 4-6 months

    • Offshore wind farm: 18 months

    • Aquaculture farm in Norway: 6 months

    • Aquaculture farm in the EU: often 2-3 years,sometimes even 7 years


2 facilitate access to space and water
2. Facilitate access to space and water Spatial Planning

  • "Lack of space" or "No access to space"?

  • Use of spatial planning to identify best location and make aquaculture development:

    • More sustainable

    • Less uncertain (and more interesting for investors)


Msp and icm proposal
MSP and ICM proposal Spatial Planning

Proposal

for a Directive

of the European Parliament and of the council establishing a framework

for

maritime spatial planning and integrated coastal management

(COM(2013) 133 final)


Objectives of msp and icms
Objectives of MSP and ICMS Spatial Planning

  • Promote sustainable growth and sustainable use of resources

    Application of an ecosystem-based approach in plans/strategies to facilitate co-existence and prevent conflicts between sectorial activities and contribute to achieving goals of EU policies: Energy, Maritime transport, Fisheries and aquaculture, Environment, Climate change


What will member states have to do
What will Member States have to do? Spatial Planning

Key obligations of the proposed Directive:

  • Develop and implement maritime spatial plans and coastal management strategies.

  • Mutually coordinate or integrate plans and strategies to ensure land-sea connectivity.

  • Cooperate with MS and third countries to ensure coherent approaches across sea-basins.

  • Appropriate consultation of stakeholders.

    • All obligations are of procedural nature.


Proportionality and subsidiarity
Proportionality and subsidiarity Spatial Planning

  • Member States retain the full competence of what and where to plan;

  • Implementation in accordance with the Member States' local or national governance structures;

  • MS continue to tailor the content of the plans and strategies to their specific economic, social and environmental priorities, and national sectorial policy objectives;

    • The EU will not take part in these processes and will not interfere with the Member States' prerogatives for town and country planning.


To sum up
To sum up Spatial Planning

  • Blue Growth is a motor for Europe's economy

  • MSP and ICM are essential tools for sustainable growth of the maritime economy

  • Commission proposes a framework for Maritime Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Management that ensures transparency, predictability and stability across all sea basins

  • Significant economic gains, and administrative benefits

  • Full respect of subsidiarity and proportionality