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Megaliths in the Czech Republic. What are megalithic constructions. Types: menhirs – free-standing stones d olmens - stone tables or corridors cromlechs – arched stone structures alignments – stone rows, alleys and stone circles.

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what are megalithic constructions
What are megalithic constructions

Types:

  • menhirs – free-standing stones
  • dolmens - stone tables or corridors
  • cromlechs – arched stone structures
  • alignments – stone rows, alleys and stone circles.
megalithic civilisation

These monuments are supposedly remainders of ancient migration of nations. The oldest monuments in Europe are dated in the 6th millennium BC. The nations migrated from unknown regions, probably from east to west, mostly over the sea. There were not found any weapons with the megaliths; this leads to an assumption that the people were not warlike and were persecuted. However, these people had rich knowledge in astronomy, mathematics and geometry, and mastered technology of quarrying, transport and erection of big stone blocks.

Megalithic civilisation

- presence of megalithic construction monuments is the basic feature of this civilisation.

megaliths in the czech republic1
Megaliths in the Czech Republic
  • Many of them were destroyed, only local names and legends remained after them
  • Others were relocated
  • Regions with higher numbers of preserved megaliths
  • - northwest from Praha (districts Louny, Rakovník, etc.)
  • - South Bohemia (district Strakonice)
megaliths in the czech republic2
Megaliths in the Czech Republic
  • - northwest from Praha (districts Louny, Rakovník, etc.)
materials of megalithic monuments
Materials of megalithic monuments
  • Materials of the megaliths is mostly different from materials of the bottom layers
  • The materials mostly include quartz, pudding stone, gneiss
  • This does not include sandstone, granite
stones with panes
Stones with panes
  • According to our archaeologists, these stones show natural origin
  • Such stones could be used for fortune-telling; water form them were considered healing or used for other rituals
  • Illustration: Černé Voděrady, Žihle, and others.
balanced boulders
Balanced boulders
  • Plešivec (okr. Příbram)
  • Kadov (okr. Strakonice)
natural stones
Natural stones
  • Various rock formation, glacier boulders, etc.
  • These stones are named in the legends as socalled Devil’s stones, etc.
slide23
Natural stonesConventional natural quarrying of granite creates an impression of artificial constructions (Žihle, PS)
locations of monuments
Locations of monuments
  • Some hypotheses say that the megalithic constructions are located on energetic lines of the Earth.
  • The localities, distant even tens of kilometres, show certain connections, given by geometrical or astronomical relations.
solstice lines
Solstice lines

(see: Špůrek, M.: 1990)

hypotheses on megalith monuments
Hypotheses on megalith monuments
  • Astronomical construction (prehistoric calendars), corridor graves, overdimensioned dolmens as shelters against flood or ion radiation.
  • Mythology connects all megalithic constructions with supernatural creatures (gods or giants).
  • Megaliths – orientation points for extraterrestrial visitors (frequent occurrence of UFO).
  • Enter into other states of mind (visions, apparitions), drawing of mental energy (shamans, Druids or priests in the past).
hypotheses on megalith monuments1
Hypotheses on megalithmonuments
  • Influence human behaviour of e.g. artists and craftsmen.
  • Certain places have certain effects to men; megaliths are marks of these place.
  • The legends say that the stones whisper, heal. Scientific researches shows that ultrasound waves, acoustic vibrations and changes of magnetic field appear in the megaliths before sunrise in solstice days.
destroying of megaliths
Destroying of megaliths
  • It began with coming of Christianity
  • Symbols of a cross protected some stones (Zbuzany, Smečno, etc.)
destroying of megaliths1
Destroying of megaliths
  • Other destroying continued, if the stones hindered from agricultural or forestry works (foto: Kluček lines)
  • Traces of some stones are preserved only in legends and local names
new megaliths pseudo megaliths
New “megaliths” (pseudo-megaliths)
  • These are erected by different groups of enthusiasts, however without any system
  • Constructions on private lands of individuals (Jilem, Sedletín, Mořinka, Špičák, etc.)
projects of protection
Projects of protection
  • Protection of stone rows at Kounov against forestry works – cleaning of the rows from big trees, promotion
  • Cooperation with local authorities, archeologists
  • Cooperation with other NNO (educational paths, etc.)
project kounov goals
Project Kounov – goals
  • cutting down of the ground cover and maintenance
  • consolidation of slopes
  • bordering by hedges, construction of lookout terraces
approach of the official archaeology
Approach of the official archaeology
  • No artefacts are found with megaliths; however, necessary funds are not available for any detailed exploration
  • This means that conventional dating is not possible
  • This leads to lack of interest in these localities
  • Disputes were conducted on authenticity or natural origin from the beginning of exploration
  • This resulted in lack of interest of people in their fate and opened a scope to their destroying
international cooperation
International cooperation
  • Exchange of experience among the researchers
international cooperation1
International cooperation
  • Support of tourism
  • Looking for purposes and causes of the constructions
books
Books
  • Helšus, J. – Hluštík, A.: Kamenné otazníky aneb Megality v Čechách. Svojtka a Vašut, Praha, 1991
  • Sklenář, K.: Slepé uličky archeologie. Záhady, omyly, podvody, objevy. Mht, Praha, 1995
  • Sklenář, K.: Hromové klíny a hrnce trpaslíků. Z pokladnice české folklórní archeologie. Set out, Praha, 1999
  • Sklenář, K. a kol.: Archeologické památky. Čechy, Morava, Slezsko. Průvodce. Optys, Opava, 1993
books1
Books
  • Sklenář, K.: Tanec obrů. Academia, Praha, 1996
  • Stejskal, M.: Labyrintem tajemna. Paseka, Praha, 1990
  • Svoboda, K.: Tajemné megality. Svědkové doby kamenné. Horizont, Praha, 1990
  • Šarič, R. – Štěpánek, P.: České megality. Průvodce. Materna, Praha, 1999
  • Špůrek, M.: Jehla v kupce sena. Albatros, Praha, 1990
  • Kroupa, P.: Kameny krve a víry. Karpana, Praha 2010
psychotronics and ufo club
Psychotronics and UFO Club
  • Created an Album of megalithic monumentshttp://www.kpufo.cz/oblasti/meg/album/album.htm
  • The album does not represent any finished work; it includes numerous white spots and certainly false beliefs as well. We will be pleased if you warn us of these mistakes and contribute with your pieces of knowledge and experience.
  • We welcome any information on any possible findings, investigations and results of your visits of these localities.
  • Send your knowledge, comments and findings to our address:
  • Klub psychotroniky a UFO,o.s. Borská 19, Plzeň, CZ 32022, megalit@kpufo.cz