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A+16-17 • A-15 • B 14 • C 12-13 • D 10-11 • F 0-9
Week Twenty-Four (February 22-25) • Day 1 Chapter 24 Quiz Discussion Question • Day 2 Human Record / 267-274 • Question to consider. How is Imperialism justified and perceived by different groups. • Week Twenty-Five (February 28- March 4) • Day 1 Chapter 25 Quiz • Day 2 Discuss Comparison • Week Twenty-Six (March 8-11) • Day 1- Chapter 26 Quiz • Day 2- Timed Comparison Essay • Week 27 (March 14-18) • Day 1- Chapter 27 Due – • DBQ 9 A-39 to A43 • Day 2- Exam 21-27
Countries Struggling with Modernization • Does modernizing mean Westernizing? • Was Europe actively involved in trying to prevent you from modernizing • Were their any groups in your country preventing the movement towards modernity? • Was your countries pride getting in the way of modernizing • Did the fear of leaders loosing power hold your country back from modernizing • What problems or conflicts occurred in this chapter because a non-modern (non-industrial) country was subjugated by a modern country. • To the average person in one of these subjugated countries how might you have perceived Europe, or the leaders of your country?
Ottoman Reform • Janissaries, noblemen, and religious leaders • fought modernization and reform • Janissary revolt in Serbia in 1805 • Greeks gained independence • Eye opener for Ottomans • Started Tanzimat • Secular modernization • Elimination of Janissaries • Many were scared of loosing Muslim heritage
The Russian Empire • Backwards • Slavophiles vs Westernizers • Tsars fought reforms • Became more autocratic • Egypt • Independent after Napoleon • Muhammed Ali • Started schools • Tried to modernize
Crimean War • Russia wanted a warm-water port • Britain, France, and Ottomans united • First modern war • Fast troop movements • Propaganda • Breach loading rifles
The Qing • Population explosion –resources stretched thin • Distrust of government • The Opium War 1839–1842 • Europeans were ignored until too late • Treaty of Nanking • The Taiping Rebellion • Hong Xiuquan (Jesus’ Brother) • Qing could not stop it- needed European help • 20 to 30 million deaths • Foreigners became more active leaders • Commoners began to hate foreigners • Qing is seen as foreign puppet
Nineteenth-century Qing China suffered from both foreign intrusion and social unrest. • What was the most obvious demonstration of the Chinese people’s dissatisfaction at midcentury? Explain in detail the causes and results of that unrest.. Discussion Question • The Janissary revolt in Serbia and the execution of Selim III taught Ottoman leaders that reform had to be more systematic. The Ottoman response was the Tanzimat Reforms. • Describe those reforms and evaluate their effectiveness. Discussion Question
The problems that land-based Eurasian empires faced in regard to European sea-based empires were very similar. The solutions they attempted were not. • Compare the situations of the Ottoman and Qing Empires in the nineteenth century and their responses to the European challenge. Comparison • Compare the European view of Russia compared to the Ottoman Empire. Why was one considered more “European” than the other? Comparison.