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Space Exploration Tools. Rockets Space Shuttle Artificial Satellites Space Probes International Space Station Telescopes. THE SPACE RACE IS ON!. Rocket Science. A vehicle or device that contains all the substances needed to burn fuel and uses escaping gas from the burning of fuel to move

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Space Exploration Tools


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space exploration tools
Space Exploration Tools
  • Rockets
  • Space Shuttle
  • Artificial Satellites
  • Space Probes
  • International Space Station
  • Telescopes
rocket
A vehicle or device that contains all the substances needed to burn fuel and uses escaping gas from the burning of fuel to move

YOU do not RIDE in a rocket, a rocket is the fuel source that lifts the space craft.

Used to launch the space shuttle.

Robert Goddard— “Father of Modern Rocketry”

Rocket

http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/history/apollo/apollo-11/images/69HC761.GIF

space probe
A vehicle that carries scientific instruments to planets or other bodies in space.

They take pictures, temperature readings, and chemical readings of the atmosphere.

Clementine (1994)-discovered evidence of water on moon

Magellan (1989)—mapped 98% of Venus’ surface.

The probes move around on the surface of any celestial body.

Mars Rover is an example of a probe you hear about sometimes on the news.

Space Probe

http://www.scienceclarified.com/images/uesc_09_img0536.jpg

slide8

MOON

CLEMENTINE

(US)

LUNA 9

(USSR)

slide9

VENERA 9 (USSR)

VENUS

MAGELLAN (US)

viking 2 us
VIKING 2 (US)

MARS PATHFINDER (US)

Sojourner

artificial satellites
Artificial Satellites

Any human-made object placed in orbit around a body in space

what are some other uses for artificial satellites
What are some other uses for Artificial Satellites?
  • Weather satellites
  • TV satellites
  • Telephone satellites
  • Military satellites
space shuttle
Space Shuttle

A reusable vehicle that takes off like a rocket and lands like an airplane

space shuttle1
Used to carry astronauts to repair satellites and construct the ISS.

The first shuttle launched April 12, 1981.

Final shuttle mission was March 9, 2011.

The external fuel tank is not reused after flight, but is recycled.

The solid rocket boosters break away and land safely in the ocean by way of parachute.

Space Shuttle

http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/012/cache/space-shuttle-atlantis_1223_600x450.jpg

telescopes
Telescopes
  • A telescope is an instrument that aidsin the observation of distant objects.
  • The first known telescopes were invented in the early 1600’s in the Netherlands.
  • There are two different types of telescopes:
    • Reflecting: using mirrors; used in the Hubble telescope. This is the type used most widely today.
    • Refracting: using glass lenses; used terrestrially and in astronomy.
  • Telescopes need to be placed on hills and away from major cities due to light pollution.
a variety of telescopes
A variety of telescopes

Hubble Telescope departing space shuttle Atlantis.

Refracting telescope: Nice Observatory

Reflecting Telescope: Mount Wilson Observatory

international space station
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION

A long-term orbiting vehicle that allows astronauts to live and work in space

international space station iss
International Space Station (ISS)
  • Built in 1993
  • Research laboratory in space to conduct experiments.
  • Used for microgravity experiments and other research in space.
  • Since the shuttle program was discontinued by NASA, American astronauts have to ride up with cosmonauts from other countries.
  • There are currently astronauts in the space station.
  • They tend to have missions that last about 6 months.

http://us.st11.yimg.com/us.st.yimg.com/I/spacestore_1985_26308770