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Preparing for the AP Environmental Science Exam. Mrs. Daniel Landstown High School. Getting Organized to Study. You are putting information in long term memory! You are coordinating ideas under broader concepts You are connecting these ideas and concepts

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preparing for the ap environmental science exam

Preparing for the AP EnvironmentalScience Exam

Mrs. Daniel


High School

getting organized to study
Getting Organized to Study
  • You are putting information in long term memory!
  • You are coordinating ideas under broader concepts
  • You are connecting these ideas and concepts
  • You are striving for a better understanding of the whole
  • Use the Major Themes as a guide!
  • Make good study notes to use in May!
facts about the exam
Facts about the exam

Part one: Multiple Choice

  • Time: 90 minutes
  • 100 questions with options a-e
  • 60% of total grade
  • Be sure to have a good eraser: smudges can confuse the machine
facts about the exam4
Facts about the Exam

Part Two: Free Response

  • Time: 90 minutes
  • 4 Questions
  • 40% of total grade
  • All four questions are weighted equally
  • About 22 minutes for each
common verbs
Common Verbs
  • Compare: point out similarities and differences, to examine 2 or more objects and consider the likenesses.
  • Explain: Tell how to do( steps), tell the meaning of or why.. Give reasons for
  • Describe: to give a picture or account of in words
  • Discuss: to consider from various points of view
what to know about the multiple choice
What to know about the multiple choice
  • It is not expected that everyone will finish so DO NOT spend too much time on difficult questions
  • Use your time effectively
what to know for the free response
What to know for the Free Response
  • Read all four essays first, pick the one you know best and start with that one
  • DO NOT RESTATE the question
  • Follow the directions EXACTLY
  • Underline the key words. If it says two only, answer two
  • Give Clear and Concise answers
  • Do NOT make lists. You must give the answer in complete sentences
  • Do NOT use buzz words without an explanation, example- bioaccumulate
more on free response
More on Free Response
  • Know the common APES language, example- reduce or remediate
  • Do NOT give up on a question there is a point there for you
  • Make sure you do all your work in the PINK booklet
  • Where explanation or discussion is required, support your answers
  • Be aware of “negative” questions such as “ all of the following except”
math problems
Math Problems
  • Problems are simple multiplication, division and addition
  • Show every calculation in the PINK booklet
  • Do NOT give up because you’re afraid of the math
  • Read the free response carefully it’s not completely math so there can be points even if you can’t do the math
designing an experiment
Designing an Experiment
  • Hypothesis- If…….Then statement.
    • Example – If the number of gypsy moths increase then the number of acorns will decrease.
  • Control- Clearly indicate a control and the experiment
  • Independent and dependent variable-
    • Independent – the variable that is being changed
      • Manipulative variable ( pH) What treatment will you apply
    • dependent - the one that you are testing
      • Responsive variable ( Frog) What will you measure
  • Data or description of experiment – describe how you will take data, materials, organism etc. How it will be graphed an analyzed.
  • State how you will draw a conclusion. Your experiment needs to be at least theoretically possible.
  • Be consistent throughout.
free response graphs
Free Response Graphs
  • Set up the graph with the independent variable along the x-axis and dependent along the y-axis
  • Mark off axes in equal increments and label with proper units
  • Plot points and attempt to sketch in the curve (line)
  • If more than one curve is plotted, write a label on each curve ( this is better than a legend)
  • Label each axis
  • Give your graph an appropriate title( what is it showing)
types of free response
Types of Free Response
  • Data- analysis
  • Document based
  • Synthesis and evaluation
  • Lets look at one of each:
major themes
Biosphere, the living world

Cycling of matter


Food Agriculture & Soils

Solid Earth

Land & Water Use



Human Health


Laws & Influential people

general misconceptions
General Misconceptions
  • Niche & Habitat
  • CO2 & CFC’s
  • Atmospheric Ozone & Ground level Ozone
  • Fission & Fusion
  • Origin of Acids in the Atmosphere,Sulfuric & Nitric acids
  • Convention & Alternative energy
  • Passive and Solar energy
most common names
Most Common Names
  • Rachel Carson – water pollution, Silent Spring
  • Barry Commoner – Ozone, Closing Circle
  • Hugh Bennet-soil conservation
  • Lois Marie Gibbs – Love canal
  • Al Gore – The Inconvenient Truth
  • Garrett Hardin – Tragedy of the Commons
  • John Muir – naturalist
  • Gifford Pinchot – US Forest Service
  • Theodore Roosevelt – set aside land national forests
most common laws
Most Common Laws
  • Air
    • Clean Air Act 1955
    • Montreal Protocol 1987 – cut CFC’s
    • Kyoto Protocol 1997- greenhouse gases
  • Water
    • Clean Water Act 1972
    • Safe drinking Act 1974
more laws
More Laws
  • Wildlife Conservation
    • Endangered Species Act 1973
    • Lacey Act 1990
  • Toxic Substances
    • Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, & Liability Act 1980 ( CLERCA) Superfund
    • Hazardous Materials Transportation Act 1975, (HAZMAT)
more laws18
More laws
  • Pesticides
    • Federal Insecticide, Fungicide,& Rodenticide Act 1947, ( FIFRA)
  • Noise
    • Noise Control Act 1965
  • Solid Waste
    • Mining Act 1872
    • Solid Waste Disposal Act 1965
environmental agencies
Environmental Agencies
  • Bureau Of Land Management ( BLM)
  • Center for Disease control (CDC)
  • Department of Energy (DOE)
  • Food & Drug Administration (FDA)
  • National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) formerly Soil Conservation Service
  • United States Geological Survey ( USGS)