Collapse of Chinese Imperial Rule - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Collapse of Chinese Imperial Rule

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  1. Collapse of Chinese Imperial Rule Aim: How did the Chinese finally end imperial rule? Do Now: Review Multiple Choice

  2. China in the 1900’s • China had become a weak nation • Foreign countries controlled China’s trade and economic resources

  3. Nationalists Overthrow Qing Dynasty • Kuomintang (Nationalist Party) • Wanted modernization and nationalization • Sun-Yat-Sen or Sun Yixian- 1912 led a revolution to over throw Qing Dynasty • Sun became the 1st president of the new Republic of China • “ 3 Principles of the People” • Nationalism (end of Foreign control) • Peoples rights (Democracy) • People’s Livelihood ( economic security for all)

  4. May 4th Movement • Outraged by the Treaty of Versailles angry students gathered in Beijing to protest against foreign control in china • This spread throughout China

  5. Chiang Kai Shek • Took Sun’s place as leader of the Nationalists party after his death • Feared the communist opponents in China led by Mao Zedong • Attacked and killed any communist supporters • Corrupt government • Did not improve lives for rural peasants of China, as a result many peasants supported the Chinese Communist Party