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What were the High Points & Low Points of 1920's Culture & Society?. Booming Business & Stock Market Big money is made by big industrialists Automobile, oil, and steel New technology creates new jobs Little government regulation allows industry to grow faster. Uneven Prosperity

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

What were the

High Points & Low Points

of 1920's

Culture & Society?

1920 s economics
Booming Business & Stock Market

Big money is made by big industrialists

Automobile, oil, and steel

New technology creates new jobs

Little government regulation allows industry to grow faster

Uneven Prosperity

Farmers lost money when Europe recovers from WWI

Stop buying American farm products

Coal miners suffer because oil replaces coal as a source of energy

Railroads lose business due to cars and trucks

Labor unions suffer due to government hands off approach

1920’s Economics

High Points

Low Points

1920 s life times
Fun times & Fads

Flappers

Young women who rebelled against tradition

Short hair, short dresses, smoking, and bootleg alcohol

Other fads include:

Flagpole sitting, dance marathons, the Charleston (dance)

Fear of Communism & Anarchy (people who oppose the government)

Communist leaders (Lenin/USSR) called for workers everywhere to overthrow their governments

Americans saw strikes across the nation as the start of a communist revolution (Red Scare)

During the Red Scare, thousands were arrested

1920’s Life & Times

High Points

Low Points

Shipwreck Kelly

49 Days!

Flagpole sitting

Lenin/USSR

Communism

1920 s art social attitudes
Jazz blends W. African rhythm, African American Spirituals, European Harmony

new brand of music is appreciated by all

Harlem Renaissance

Rebirth of African American culture

Langston Hughes was the best known poet of the era

Writes about the experiences of African Americans

African Americans face widespread prejudice

Rebirth of KKK

Racial tensions cause rioting in big cities

Return of nativism (anti-foreign feeling)

Quota system limits the amount of immigrants that can enter the U.S.

System favored immigrants from N. Europe over W. Europe

1920’s Art & Social Attitudes

High Points

Low Points

Louis Armstrong

JAZZ!

slide5

What were the

High Points & Low Points

of 1920's

Culture & Society?

notable events
Notable Events
  • Sacco and Vanzetti Trial
    • Trial symbolized the anti-foreign feeling of the 1920’s (Nativism)
    • Sacco & Vanzetti were Italian immigrants who were arrested for robbery and murder with limited evidence
    • After a trial that many thought was unfair, they were executed
  • Scopes Trial
    • The trial centered on the debate between the Biblical Creation Theory versus Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
    • John Scopes taught evolution in class and was arrested
    • Scopes was convicted and fined and the laws against teaching evolution remained but were rarely enforced
notable events7
Notable Events
  • Marcus Garvey and the back to Africa movement
    • Garvey urged African Americans to go back to their roots in Africa
    • Few left but the movement built racial pride
  • Election of 1928
    • Herbert Hoover (R) easily beats Alfred E. Smith (D)
    • Smith is the first Catholic to run for president
    • Anti-Catholic feelings play a part in the outcome
    • Americans believe that Hoover will continue prosperity
    • 1 year later the economy crashes

Herbert Hoover

heroes of the 1920 s
Heroes of the 1920’s
  • Charles A. Lindbergh
    • Crosses the Atlantic in the Spirit of St. Louis
  • Babe Ruth
    • Helped the Yankees win 7 World Series
  • Helen Wills
    • Becomes tennis champ and a role model for women
conclusion
New technology helped create an economic boom & jobs

New freedoms for women

Jazz & classic literature

Uneven prosperity

Increased racism & nativism

Tough times for farmers & Unions

Fear of communism & anarchy

Conclusion

What were the HIGH points & LOW points of 1920’s culture and society?

Low Points

High Points

slide11

Chicago, 1922. Female Beach Goers

Arrested for Indecent Exposure

slide13

I, too sing America.

I am the darker brother.

They send me to eat in the kitchen

When company comes,

But I laugh,

And eat well,

And grow strong.

Tomorrow,

I’ll be at the table

When company comes.

Nobody’ll dare

Say to me,

Eat in the kitchen,

Then.

Besides, they’ll see how beautiful I am

And be ashamed—

I, too, am America.

Langston Hughes

slide15

Anything Goes

Words & Music by Cole Porter 1927

In olden days a glimpse of stocking Was looked on as something shocking Now heaven knows, anything goes Good authors too who once knew better words Now only use four letter words writing prose Anything goes

slide19

“The business of America is business.

The man who builds a factory builds a temple.

The man who works there worships there”

Calvin Coolidge