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Social Marketing Basics

Social Marketing Basics

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Social Marketing Basics

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  1. Social Marketing Basics Nancy Hoddinott Manager, Social Marketing NS Health Promotion

  2. Objectives • Introduce social marketing concepts • Review steps in developing a social marketing plan • Apply social marketing concepts • Have fun

  3. Agenda • What is social marketing? • Steps in social marketing plan • Lunch (12:15) • Applying the concepts • Wrap-up/Evaluation (3:30)

  4. What is social marketing? “Sounds like you’re running a dating service……” Dept. of Health employee

  5. What is social marketing? • Use of marketing principles and techniques to influence a target audience to voluntarily accept, reject, modify, or abandon a behaviour for the benefit of individuals, groups, or society as a whole. Kotler et al., 2002

  6. Framework • Multidisciplinary and complementary strategies are required to change behaviour • Research based (audience-centered) • Long-term • Monitoring and evaluation

  7. What is social marketing? Uses traditional marketing principles and techniques: • Focuses on the consumer (audience-centered) • Marketing research • Segmentation • Defined objectives/goals • Exchange theory – perceived benefits ™costs • Marketing mix – product, price, place, promotion • Evaluation

  8. What is different from commercial sector marketing? • Product sold: goods and services vs. behaviour change • Goal: financial gain vs. individual/societal gain • Competition: other organisations offering similar goods vs. current or preferred behaviour

  9. Social marketing is not……. • just advertising • just communications • an image campaign • ‘expert’ driven • done in a vacuum • a quick process

  10. Steps in Social Marketing Plan Where are we? Where do we want to go? How will we get there? How will we stay on track?

  11. Steps in Social Marketing Plan • Define the problem • Select and analyse target audience 3. Set objectives, goals 4. Product, price, place, promotion 5. Evaluation plan • Implementation plan

  12. Step 1 – Define the Problem • Review data sources, literature • Determine campaign purpose • What actions/behaviour change could reduce the problem) • Who must act to solve the problem? • SWOT analysis • Review current and past efforts

  13. Step 2 – Select/Analyze target audience • Formative research • Collect and analyze demographic, socioeconomic, cultural, behavioural data on target audience • Segment audience • Select target audience(s) - size, reachability, readiness

  14. Step 2 – Select/Analyze target audience • Competition • Current knowledge, beliefs and behaviours • Perceived benefits and barriers to action

  15. Step 3 – Set goals and objectives • What do you want audience to do • Will achieving this goal impact the problem? • Behavioural objectives, quantifiable • Feasible?

  16. Step 4 – Apply Marketing Principles • Product • Behaviour, service being exchanged with audience for a price and benefit • Must compete successfully against benefit of current behaviour • Fun, easy, popular • Price • Cost to the target audience of changing (financial, time, effort, lifestyle, etc.) • Place • Channels where products, programs are available • Make accessible, move programs/products to places audience frequents • Promotion • Communication with audience about product/program, price and place • Advertising, media relations, events, direct mail, entertainment, personal selling

  17. 5th ‘P’ • Politics • Stimulate policy that influences voluntary behaviour change (system and environmental change)

  18. Step 6 – Evaluation Plan • Based on goals and objectives • What will be measured • Process (assessment of campaign elements and execution) • Outcome (impact) • How it will be measured • When will it be measured • How results will be reported

  19. Step 7 – Implementation Plan • Who will do what, when, how (how much)

  20. Elements of successful campaigns (Kotler et al., 2002) • Use what has been done before • Start with target group most ready for action • Promote single, doable behaviour (clear, simple terms) • Promote a service to support the behaviour • Address perceived benefits and costs • Make access easy

  21. Elements of successful campaigns • Develop attention-getting, motivational messages • Use appropriate media (exploit audience participation) • Make it easy and convenient for action (fun, easy, popular) • Allocate resources for effective reach • Allocate resources for research • Track results, adjust

  22. Change Objectives • Think of your organisation, identify an issue you are trying to resolve/change. • Develop a campaign purpose • Translate success over the next three years: • Key audiences (internal, external, partners) • Concrete behaviours, actions, decisions that each would adopt

  23. Change Objectives F. Lagarde, 2004

  24. Audience Analysis & Segmentation • Choose most important audience • Analyse those who have adopted the behaviour and those who have not • Demographic data • Needs, benefits • Barriers • Influencers • Media habits • Membership • Segmentation

  25. Implications (Product, Price, Place, Promotion) • New or improved offering (behaviour, product, service) to make it more attractive (benefits) and easy (barriers) • Ways of making it less costly or time consuming • Ways to reduce barriers and improve access • Messages, channels, messengers F. Lagarde, 2004

  26. References • Kotler, P., Roberto, N, Lee, N. 2002. Social Marketing: Improving the Quality of Life. Thousand Oaks,CA:Sage Productions Inc. • Social Marketing National Excellence Collaborative. The Manager’s Guide to Social Marketing. • Lagarde, F. 2004. Worksheets to Introduce Some Basic Concepts of Social Marketing Practices. Social Marketing Quarterly, 10(1).