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Alstom’s CCS activities. World Bank Workshop – CCS Perspectives for the Southern African Region. Mark Boneham Sales and Marketing Director – Southern Africa. Johannesburg , 1 st June 2011. 5. Alstom Clean Power strategy CCS – A reality today. Emissions CO 2 (Gt/y). Technological mix.

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Alstom s ccs activities

Alstom’sCCS activities

World Bank Workshop – CCS Perspectives for the Southern African Region

  • Mark Boneham

  • Sales and Marketing Director – Southern Africa

Johannesburg, 1st June 2011


Alstom clean power strategy ccs a reality today

5

Alstom Clean PowerstrategyCCS – A reality today

Emissions CO2

(Gt/y)

Technological mix

Efficiency

N° 1 nuclear*

& biomass

CCS

Realistic 2030 Target

Ref 2030

Alstom is the world leader in clean integrated solutions

* Conventional islands

Wind, solar & geothermal

N° 1 hydro

Efficiency: Plant optimisation & retrofit

First CO2 capture demo plant in the world


Agenda
Agenda

  • Update on CO2 capture within Alstom

  • CCS Parasitic Power and cost

  • CCS-Ready

  • CO2 Capture Systems

  • Conclusion


Technologies developed by alstom
Technologies developed by Alstom

CO2 capture technologies pursued by Alstom

Post-combustion

Oxy-combustion

(New + retrofit)

(New + retrofit)

  • Chilled Ammonia

  • Advanced Amines

  • Oxy combustion with Air Separation Unit

  • Chemical Looping Combustion


Operating

Oxy-Coal

Oxy-Gas

Chemical looping

Post Combustion

2nd GEN

DOE/Alstom WindsorUS – 3 MWth Chemical looping - Coal

AEP MountaineerUSA - 58 MWth Chilled Ammonia - Coal

Vattenfall

Schwarze PumpeGermany - 30 MWthOxy - Lignite

Dow Chemical Co. USA, West Virginia Advanced Amines - Coal

Alstom BSF WindsorUS - 15 MWthOxy - Coals

Total LacqFrance - 30 MWth Oxy - Gas

2nd GEN

RFCS EU - Darmstad Germany – 1 MWth Chemical looping - Coal

1st and 2nd Generation CCS: Alstom status


Chilled Ammonia Process:Validation pilot - Montaineer

Mountaineer - Validation pilot - USA WV - AEP

  • Designed to capture & store 100,000 tCO2/year (flue gas from coal)

  • Captured CO2 will be sequestered into two wells on the plant property

  • Commenced engineering and permitting Oct07

  • First CO2 captured in Sept 09, injection started 1st of October 2009

  • Alstom responsible for CAP island, AEP responsible for utilities to/from CAP island and CO2 storage

  • AEP and Alstom working to develop commercial scale project (CSP) to capture 1.5 MTPY at Mountaineer facility

  • Plant availability raised to 85/90% since early Jan 2011

  • CO2 captured and injected near design values

Alstom’s Chilled Ammonia Process at AEP’s Mountaineer Plant


2nd generation chemical looping process technology overview
2nd Generation - Chemical Looping ProcessTechnology Overview

Principle

  • Solid oxygen carrier circulates between Air Reactor and Fuel Reactor: Carrier picks up O2 in the Air Reactor, leaves N2 behind and burns the fuel in the Fuel Reactor

  • Typically, Oxygen Carriers can be metal oxide or limestone-based. Alstom is developing both types

Advantages

  • Avoids large costs and parasitic power

  • Captures CO2 at temperatures higher than the power cycle temperatures, eliminating thermodynamic penalty associated with CO2 capture

  • Uses conventional material of construction and fabrication techniques

  • Largely based on Alstom’s proven CFB technology

A Promising Break-through Technology


2nd Generation - Chemical Looping ProcessECLAIR – Prototype - Darmstadt

  • Chemical looping – 1 MWth MeOx Prototype - Coal

  • Main objectives:

    • Design and operation of a Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) 1 MWth prototype with coal

    • Assessment of technical, environmental and economical potential of CLC power plants

  • 48 months program:

    • Design of main components finalized in July 2009

    • Hot Commissioning started in October 2010

    • First tests with coal scheduled for 1Q 2011

  • Total budget: 6.5 M€ - RFCS Funding : 2.27 M€

  • Partners: TU Darmstadt, Chalmers, CSIC, SINTEF, Air Liquide, Vattenfall, Alstom

Just Inaugurated

Dedicated building Darmstadt University (Germany)

Air Reactor Oxidizer

Fuel Reactor Reducer


Alstom activity on demonstrations

1st and 2nd Generation CCS

Coming

Operating

2nd GEN

TCM MongstadNorway - 40 MWth Chilled Ammonia - Gas

Vattenfall Schwarze PumpeGermany - 30 MWthOxy - Lignite

AEP MountaineerUSA - 58 MWth Chilled Ammonia - Coal

DOE/Alstom WindsorUS – 3 MWth Chemical looping - Coal

EDF – Le HavreFrance – 5 MWth Adv. Amines - Coal

Pre-commercial Projects

NER300 appl.

NER300 appl.

Dow Chemical Co. USA, West Virginia Advanced Amines - Coal

Total LacqFrance - 30 MWth Oxy - Gas

Drax - SelbyUK - 426 MWe Oxy – Hard Coal

Vattenfall JänschwaldeGermany - 250 MWe Oxy - Lignite

Transalta Canada - >200 MWe Post - Coal

NER300 appl.

2nd GEN

NER300 appl.

RFCS EU - Darmstad Germany – 1 MWth Chemical looping - Coal

Alstom BSF WindsorUS - 15 MWthOxy - Coals

PGE BelchatowPoland – 260 MWe Adv. Amines - Lignite

AEP MountaineerUSA – 235MWe Chilled Ammonia - Coal

CET - Getica (Turceni)Romania – >250MWe Chilled Ammonia - Lignite

Selected by US DOE to receive CCPI Round 3 funding

Selected by Alberta and Federal Canadian funding

Selected for receiving EEPR funding


Chilled Ammonia ProcessValidation Pilot - Mongstad

Mongstad - Validation Pilot - Norway

  • European CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad

  • Flue gases from natural gas CHP plant and a catalytic cracker (refinery)

  • Designed to capture 80 000 t CO2/year

  • Amine-based posttested in parallel

  • Project schedule:

    • Engineering started June 09

    • Construction on going

    • Plant Commissioning complete: Q1 2012

3D Model of Capture facilities

Concrete part of Alstom's absorber tower completed (June 2010)


Advanced Amine Process: Field Pilot - Le Havre

  • C2A2 - field pilot - Le Havre - France

  • Designed to capture 25 tCO2/ day

  • Advanced flow scheme & operation validation

  • Flue gas: slipstream from 600 MWe coal plant (EDF host facility)

  • Project partners: EDF and Alstom. Alstom has a partnership with Dow

  • Project schedule

    • Overall 2010-2013 program

    • Test from Q2 12 to Q1 13 (one year)

  • No storage

  • French funding by ADEME

EDF 600 MWe coal power plant

(field pilot represented in orange)


Advanced amine process large scale demonstration belchatow
Advanced Amine ProcessLarge scale demonstration - Belchatow

Belchatow - Large scale - Poland - PGE

  • MOU between Alstom and PGE Elektrownia Belchatow

  • Large-scale CCS demonstration facility

  • Host facility new 850 MW lignite unit constructed by Alstom

  • 1.8 million tonnes CO2 captured and stored per year

  • Selected for funding from EEPR

  • Candidate for NER 300 Funding

  • Project schedule:

    • Engineering for permitting started Jan10

    • Operational in end 2014/early 2015

Belchatow Power Plant


Chilled Ammonia ProcessDemonstration project at Turceni

Romanian CCS Demonstration Project

  • Integrated CCS demo: 1.5 Mtpa CO2

    • Capture: 85% minimum capture

    • Transport: onshore pipeline, with tentative to use existing pipe route

    • Storage: deep saline aquifers (>800m) within a radius of 50 km

  • Developers-Operators:

    • Capture: Turceni Energy Complex

    • Transport: Transgaz

    • Storage: Romgaz

  • Technical Consortium:

    • Project Management and Technical & Financial Consultant: ISPE (Institute for Studies and Power Engineering)

    • Capture Plant: Alstom

    • Storage: GeoEcoMar, Schlumberger

  • Alstom awarded a feasibility study

  • Candidate for NER 300 funding

Turceni Power Plant4x330 MW


Agenda1
Agenda

  • Update on CO2 capture within Alstom

  • CCS Parasitic Power and cost

  • CCS-Ready

  • CO2 Capture Systems

  • Conclusion


What we have achieved
What we have achieved

Reached

CO2capture rate

CO2 purity

Parasitic load [%] on net efficiency

We Energies Pleasant PrairieUSA - Coal - Chilled Ammonia

90%

>99%

First commercial units will be at or below 20%

25

AEP Mountaineer USA - Coal- Chilled Ammonia

90%

>99.9%

20

Dow Chemical Co. CharlestonUSA - Coal - Advanced Amines

90%

>99.5%

15

Realistic limit

Vattenfall Schwarze PumpeGermany - Lignite & Bit. Coal - Oxy

10

90%

Thermodynamic theoretical limit: assuming ideal separation and compression processes*

>99.7%

Pilot operation confirm CO2 capture works and performances are improving

*Theoretical limit assumes ideal separation and compression processes (110bar): isentropic, no losses


Cost of decarbonised power 1/2

800 Mwe net new Coal/CCS vs other decarbonised power sources - Europe

CoE

CoE

2010 prices

CCS Learning Curve

Work Ongoing incl peer reviews

2030CCS target line

Nuclear

Onshore

Offshore

Solar CSP

Solar PV

2010

2015

2020

2030

Source: Alstom

Wind

Wind

  • CCS cost will decrease through learning effect

    • Target: 15% energy penalty

  • No clear winner among CCS technologies

  • Competitive against any other decarbonised power,… from day one

jfl


Cost of decarbonised power 2 2
Cost of decarbonised power 2/2

CoE

CoE

Europe

Low

Carbon

technologies

ordered

in 2010

2015

period

Cents

per kWh

60

50

40

Reference case

30

20

10

0

Nuclear

Hydro Mini

Hydro Large

Onshore Wind

Offshore Wind

Solar PV - Thin Film

CCPP CCS FGR 2015

Hydro Pump&Storage

PC Hardcoal CCS 2015

Solar - PV Cryst - centralized

Solar pV - Crist decentralized

Solar CSP - Troughs + storage

Source :

Alstom

analysis

. CCS

including

T&S

CCS even more competitive on gas than on coal !

- Wednesday, 20 August 2014 - P 17


Agenda2
Agenda

  • Update on CO2 capture within Alstom

  • CCS Parasitic Power and cost

  • CCS-Ready

  • CO2 Capture Systems

  • Conclusion


Ccs ready
CCS-ready

Queensland

Scope: All coal-fired power plants

Requirements:

Use of world’s best practice low emission technologies

CCS-ready and

Commitment to retrofit that technology within five years of CCS being proven on a commercial scale

NSW & WA

Scope: Recommendation for all coal-fired power plants

Implement CCS if it is economically and technically feasible

European Union

  • Scope: All combustion plants >300 Mwe (coal and gas)

  • Requirements:

    • Assessment of availability of suitable storage sites and technical and economical feasibility of CO2 capture and transport

    • Suitable space for future CO2 capture system if conditions are met

  • The UK has transposed the directive and requires CCS-Readiness

World Bank

  • Financing coal projects facing polemic/debates due to CO2

  • Looking at CCS readiness

Australia

A mounting requirement…


Capture ready study identified pre investments for future capture retrofit coal
Capture-Ready studyIdentified pre-investments for future capture retrofit - Coal

Waste Water Treatment System: foresee interconnection with power block WWTS

Optimisation of the cooling system recovery of heat in CO2 capture and compression

Electrical & Control Building:Extra space

Steam Turbine:reservations in turbine design for future steam extraction

Transformer Area: installing an isolated bus

Optimisation of the

Boiler heat transfer surfaces according Modifications

of heat load sharing

Provisions in arrangement planning

FGD: leaving space for upgrade

Stack duct:potential longer stack duct

  • Alstom Capture Ready solutions developed upon three pillars:

  • Early and substantial investment in Capture technologies development

  • Integrated power plant expertise (EPC supplier of turnkey power plant)

  • Component supplier experience (supplier of a major equipment in 25% of the worldwide installed power capacity)


Alstom schlumberger partnership
Alstom-Schlumberger Partnership

INJECTORS

MONITORING

Combining two experts to cover the CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage chain


Agenda3
Agenda

  • Update on CO2 capture within Alstom

  • CCS Parasitic Power and cost

  • CCS-Ready

  • CO2 Capture Systems

  • Conclusion


Wiesbaden acquisition

  • Status

  • Deal closed in August 2009 - formerly ABB Lummus

  • Rationale

  • Reinforces CCS development team - 111 experienced employees with full EPC capability

  • Significant references in Oil & Gas, refining & petrochemicals (especially in amines wash, compression, ..) suitable for CO2 Capture and transportation.

Alstom European execution center for CCS


Co 2 capture systems business rationale
CO2 Capture Systems business rationale

CCS business rationale

CCS R&D / Execution center, Knoxville, USA

  • CCS moving to another stage:

    • From small pilots large demos;

    • From technology validation industrialization & plant integration

  • Requires solid engineering & execution set-up

  • Qualitative gap in resources (e.g. chemical process engineering) needed to be addressed

  • Focus of resources on CCS projects, for successful execution (incubator model)

Oxy Labs Windsor, US

CCS R&D labs in Växjö, Sweden

CCS EPC execution centre

Beijing

CCS Head-office Baden, Switzerland

CCS EPC execution centre Wiesbaden, Germany

A dedicated business unit


Agenda4
Agenda

  • Update on CO2 capture within Alstom

  • CCS Parasitic Power and cost

  • CCS-Ready

  • CO2 Capture Systems

  • Conclusion


Conclusions
Conclusions

  • A portfolio approach of technology is needed: Renewables, Nuclear, Efficiency and CCS.

  • Retrofitable CCS technologies are a must to have: Post and Oxy-combustion

  • Alstom is currently developing CO2 capture technologies and is on the good path to go commercial by 2015. A dedicated business unit has been created to support this effort.

  • CCS-Ready: Alstom has both expertise and partnership to support on the entire CCS chain

  • Clear a stable business framework and regulations are needed for CCS to play its role along all other forms of decarbonised energy sources.

Alstom will be a key partner on the CCS value chain


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