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Each era is remembered for something : 1920’s – Roaring Twenties, Ford Model T 1930’s – The Great Depression 1950’s – car, tv , rock n’ roll, rise of middle class America 1960’s – Space Race, Civil Rights 1970’s – Vietnam, protests. 2014?. Slavery. This topic defined this era…

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Each era is remembered for something:1920’s – Roaring Twenties, Ford Model T1930’s – The Great Depression1950’s – car, tv, rock n’ roll, rise of middle class America1960’s – Space Race, Civil Rights1970’s – Vietnam, protests



  • This topic defined this era…

  • Despite the topic being so clear to us today…

  • At the time, there were many sides to the story, many opinions

    • Southerners, Northerners, free African Americans, business owners, workers, plantation owners, Quakers, indentured servants, poor whites

    • What were other countries doing? GB? France?

    • Politicians hesitant to lay down the law (fearing the loss of their own job)

    • Fear of ruining the economy


  • It took hundreds of years to build up to the conclusion of overt slavery in America

    • Some argue covert forms of slavery still exist today around the world

  • http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/timeline/index.html


  • At the debate’s height, thousands spoke out against slavery. Equally thousands spoke out as to why it is needed for the success of the nation.

  • Abolishing slavery became a focus.

    • To abolish

      • To put an end to something

  • An abolitionist

    • A person who favors the ending of a practice or institution (ex. slavery)


  • The movement stalled many times along the way

    • Due to social concerns, economics, and politics

      • The institution of slavery had been going on for 25 centuries (prior to it coming to America), why would we change this now?

      • Wouldn’t ending slavery devastate the cotton economy of the South (and therefore, the manufacturing industry of the North)?

      • Who was going to be the politician that not only morally opposed slavery but PROPOSED a law to end slavery?

        • Risk losing their job (constituents may not vote him into office again)

        • Risk of life/death (lynched or attacked by southerners)


  • The movement stalled even among the very people that wanted to end slavery…

  • Abolitionists splintered themselves about:

    • How to end slavery (state govt. or federal govt.)?

    • To what degree should slavery be stopped (partially, entirely, gradually, all at once)?

    • Who will take care of all these newly freed persons?

    • Where will they all go?

    • etc.


  • The fight was long and messy

  • 1865 – Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery

  • 1868 – Fourteenth Amendment granted equal citizenship under the law to anyone born in the United States

  • 1870 – Fifteenth Amendment right to vote: black, adult males

  • 1960’s – Civil Rights movement

    • Equality in pay, jobs, education, etc.

    • Equal opportunity