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First, the definition of Mandarin
The Beijing dialect is the standard pronunciation, the northern dialect is the
basic dialect, and the typical modern vernacular Chinese dialect is the common
grammar of the Han nationality.
Second, Mandarin voice system
Mainly include the initials, vowels, tone, syllables, as well as tone, softly,
melodious, intonation and so on.
Third, common voice defects
1, consonants pronunciation parts not accurate enough, such as Alice is not in
place, there is no nasal or no edge sound and so on.
2, vowel pronunciation defects mostly combined mouth call, pinch mouth
mouth roundness lip is not enough, the opening of mouth opening is not enough.
3, the transfer value was significantly lower or higher.
4, the third sound (on the sound) is not accurate tone change.
5, basically no soft, children Yun.
Fourth, oral exercises (to strengthen the intensity and flexibility)
(1) lip: spray, blanket, write, around
(2) tongue: stretch, bomb, scratch, top, turn
(3) Cheek: buckle (teeth), shrink (tongue), flex (lip) Practice words: Shan
Mingshui Xiu, bright eyes, Zhang Wang Zhao, renamed surname, good weather,
strong military strong
Fifth, the pronunciation of three elements:
li zi (opened up rounded full)
Pay attention to voice pronunciation. Deep breathing, exhale evenly, with gas
Vocal cord protection approach: singing massage, do not always drink
Six, initials correct
1, flat tongue initials and Alice tongue Mandarin speakers in the tongue than
the flat tongue consonants of the word to be much more, Alice tongue consonants
accounted for 70% of the total balance of the tongue, so to remember more flat
tongue initials word.
2, flat tongue (tongue tip anterior): z c s (tongue upward incisors contact) made
zàozuò Self-esteem zìzūn ancestors zǔzōng From this cóngcǐ guess cāicè Promote
cuīcù litigation sùsòng Thinking sīsuǒ Loose sōngsàn
3, Alice tongue (tongue tip sound): zh ch sh r (tip of the tongue into the front of
the hard palate) War zhànzhēng True zhēnzhēng Stop zhìzhǐ Chi Cheng chíchěng Spot
checks chōuchá Overproduction chāochǎn Holy shénshèng Fact shìshí Comfort
shūshì Still réngrán Weak ruǎnruò Forbearance rěnràng
4, nasal: n (tongue against the lower back, the formation of obstruction; soft
palate drooping, open the nasal passages; airflow at the same time to reach the
mouth and nasal cavity, but obstructed in the mouth, the gas flow from the nasal
cavity into sound.
Example word: Cow nǎiníu Angry nǎonù Tolerant néngnài Muddy nínìng
5, remember the commonly used N initials (less in Mandarin)
(1) By analogy: That is, South, Brain, Nepalese, Nirvana, Pinch, Ning, Agriculture,
Twist, Nu and Connaught, Cowardice
(2) can not be analogized: birds, cattle, warm, to be able to, trouble, male,
female, take, tired, urine, grind, hungry, difficult, year, mother
6, edge sound:
L (the tip of the tongue and the upper part of the gingival contact, so that the
mouth of the middle of the channel obstruction; soft palate up, close the nasal
passages; air flow from both sides of the tongue and cheeks inside the formation of
the gap through)
Example words: Rally lālì List luóliè Fluency líulì Take turns lúnlíu
7, distinguish h f
Mostly mix f into h. The emphasis of resolution is on the memory of commonly
As if – trance happened – Peanut public – union rice – Baohuan
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