How to Deliver an Effective Oral Presentation C. Antonio Jesurun, MD. Professor, Pediatrics TTU HSC-El Paso
Objectives Today • How do adults like yourself learn • Focus on the art of communication • Focus on what you want to communicate • Understand how you will be evaluated
Your Objectives • Spend time preparing • Communicate clearly • Demonstrate positive attitude • Avoid mannerisms which distract listener
Adult Learning • Want information to solve specific problems • Need to integrate new ideas with what they know • Prefer to know a few things well • Gender differences; serial vs. parallel processing
Adult Learning • Adults have their own learning objectives • Want to control learning • Adults are internally motivated • Need learning to be immediately applicable • Problem with time gap between acquisition and application of knowledge
Preparation • Know your audience • Retention • How many major points will listener retain? • How much detail? • How much should be in a handout?
Types of People • Controlling • People-oriented-trusting • Data-oriented-need structure • Conceptual-want whole picture
Physical--Skills • Positive affirmation-display confidence • Eye contact-most important • Gestures-natural position • Monitor movement
Mechanical • Seating-together • Tools-check out ahead of time • Laptop • Projector • Overheads • Microphone • Podium
Audience Responds to • Personality • Personal Anecdotes • Visual Aids
Fundamental Elements of Message • TONE OF VOICE 38% • WORDS 7% • NON-VERBAL 55%
Paralinguistic Communication • Verbal signals • Rate • Volume • Pitch • Pauses • Energy
Some Ways to Open • Introduce yourself • Refer to group’s common experience • Give a time frame-”for the next 50 minutes” • Give a startling statistic or quote a famous person
Some Ways to Open • Ask a rhetorical question • Show your agenda • Give learning objectives • By the end of this lecture you will be able to: • Understand…… • Recognize……. • Identify………..
Visual Aids • The speaker should keep the audience’s attention-not the slide • Use text only as a guidepost • Too much data make itharder to read • Spell check!
The Listener • What is in this for me? • What is the point of this part? • Why am I hearing this from you? • Do I like this person? • Is this person reliable?
Points to Remember • Take topic seriously-not yourself • Controlled nervousness • OK to do something physical early to control nervousness • Concentrate on material not yourself
Tips for Visual Aids • Dark background • Use non-Serif fonts • Arial-good • Three to four bullets per slide • Watch out for animation schemes • Have a back-up
Pointsto Remember • Maintain eye contact • Do not judge listeners’ reaction by external signs • Practice three times
Presenting • Keep toes pointed toward audience • Talk to the audience, not to the slide • Do not reveal slide until appropriate • Explain X and Y axis on charts
Parts of Presentation • Introduction • Introduce yourself-establish rapport • Explain the purpose-establish logic • What you are going to do • Overview-establish expectations • How you are going to do it.
Parts of Presentation • Body • Problem/solution • Pros/cons • Definition/examples • Forest or the trees
Conclusion • Review • Plan of action • Closing remarks
Your Evaluation • Organization-appropriate transitions • Content-clearly stated • Delivery-appropriate speech • Visual Aids-used with finesse • Effectiveness-convincing