chapter 3 sections 1 and 2 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 3 Sections 1 and 2 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 3 Sections 1 and 2

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Chapter 3 Sections 1 and 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 171 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 3 Sections 1 and 2. Types of Chemical Reactions. Types of Reactions. Synthesis or Combination Decomposition Combustion. Synthesis. When two or more elements combine to form a single compound Ex: Hydrogen gas reacts/combines with fluorine gas to produce a gas. Chemical Equation:

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 3 Sections 1 and 2' - chilton


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 3 sections 1 and 2

Chapter 3 Sections 1 and 2

Types of Chemical Reactions

types of reactions
Types of Reactions
  • Synthesis or Combination
  • Decomposition
  • Combustion
synthesis
Synthesis
  • When two or more elements combine to form a single compound
  • Ex: Hydrogen gas reacts/combines with fluorine gas to produce a gas.
    • Chemical Equation:
      • H2(g) + F2(g) → 2 HF(g)
decomposition
Decomposition
  • A reaction in which one compound is broken down into two or more simpler substances.
  • Decomposition of a binary compound:
  • Water is decomposed using electrical current into its base elements
    • H2O(l) → H2(g) + O2(g)
decomposition1
Decomposition
  • Decomposition of a metal carbonate will produce a metal oxide and CO2 gas.
  • Solid barium carbonate is strongly heated
    • BaCO3(s) → BaO(s) + CO2(g)
decomposition2
Decomposition
  • Decomposition of a metal chlorate will produce a metal chloride and O2 gas.
  • Solid barium carbonate is strongly heated
    • Ba(ClO3)2 (s) → BaCl2(s) + 3 O2(g)
decomposition3
Decomposition
  • Decomposition of a hydrogen peroxide will produce H2O and O2 gas.
  • Decomposition of ammonium carbonate will produce ammonia, water and CO2(g)
  • Acids decomposed to produce nonmetal oxides and water
    • H2SO4(aq) → H2O(l) + SO3(g)
combustion reactions
Combustion Reactions
  • When a substance reacts with oxygen
  • Hydrocarbons and compounds composed of only the elements C,H and O will always produce CO2 and H2O
  • Combustion of propane
    • C3H8(g) + 5 O2(g) → 3 CO2(g) + 4 H2O(l)
which of the following is the chemical equation for the following reaction
Which of the following is the chemical equation for the following reaction?
  • The synthesis of magnesium and chlorine gas
  • A) Mg + 2 Cl → MgCl2
  • B) Mg + Cl2→ MgCl2
  • C) Mg + 2 Cl → MgCl
  • D) Mg + 2 Cl → MgCl2
which of the following is the chemical equation for the following reaction1
Which of the following is the chemical equation for the following reaction?
  • The decomposition of magnesium carbonate:
  • A) MgCO3→ Mg + CO3
  • B) MgCO3→ Mg + CO2
  • C) MgCO3→ MgO + CO3
  • D) MgCO3→ MgO + CO2
  • E) MgCO3→ Mg + C + O2
which of the following is the chemical equation for the following reaction2
Which of the following is the chemical equation for the following reaction?
  • The decomposition of Potassium chlorate:
  • A) KClO3→ K + ClO3
  • B) KClO3→ K + Cl2 + O2
  • C) KClO3→ KCl + O2
  • D) KClO3→ KClO2 + O2
  • E) KClO3→ KClO + O2
which of the following is the chemical equation for the following reaction3
Which of the following is the chemical equation for the following reaction?
  • The combustion of butane:
  • A) C4H8 + O2→ CO2 + H2O
  • B) C4H10 + O2→ CO2 + H2O
  • C) C4H12 + O2→ CO2 + H2O
  • D) C4H12 + O2→ CO2 + H2O
  • E) C4H8 + O2→ CO2 + H2O