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The National Context for Smart Mobility. John V. Thomas, PhD US EPA Smart Growth Program. Why Smart Mobility?. Big Challenges and Limited Resources Movement toward more integrated programs = Need for a more comprehensive approach. HUD DOT EPA Sustainable Communities Partnership.

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The national context for smart mobility

The National Context for Smart Mobility

John V. Thomas, PhD

US EPA Smart Growth Program

Why smart mobility
Why Smart Mobility?

  • Big Challenges and Limited Resources

  • Movement toward more integrated programs =

  • Need for a more comprehensive approach

Hud dot epa sustainable communities partnership
HUD DOT EPA Sustainable Communities Partnership

  • Enhance integrated planning and investment

  • Provide a vision for sustainable growth

  • Redefine housing affordability and make it transparent

  • Redevelop underutilized sites

  • Develop livability measures and tools

  • Align HUD, DOT and EPA programs

  • Joint research, data collection and outreach

Guiding principles related to the smart mobility principles
Guiding Principles Related to the Smart Mobility Principles

  • More transportation choices

    • Location Efficiency, Reliability, Safety

  • Promote equitable, affordable housing

    • Location Efficiency

  • Increase economic competitiveness

    • Reliability, Stewardship

  • Support existing communities

    • Stewardship

  • Value communities and neighborhoods

    • Stewardship, Safety

Emerging legislation
Emerging Legislation

  • What did ARRA tell us about the future of Federal Programs?

    • Clean Water State Revolving Fund

    • Transportation provisions in HUD / DOE programs

  • “Transportation Efficiency” provisions in the proposed House climate change bill

Reshaping clean water investments
Reshaping Clean Water Investments

  • $4 B in additional resources

  • 20% Green Project Reserve requirement

    • Water Efficiency, Energy Efficiency, Environmentally Innovative Projects and…

    • Green Infrastructure

      • “Implementation of green streets (combinations of green infrastructure practices in transportation rights-of-ways), for either new development, redevelopment or retrofits.”

  • Under consideration in current revolving fund reauthorization

Source – March 9th 2009 Guidance

Stormwater management with green streets
Stormwater Management with Green Streets

BEFORE: Madison Avenue and 15th

AFTER: Madison Avenue with Stormwater Swale

Drawn by: Kevin Perry

Stormwater management with green streets1
Stormwater Management with Green Streets

BEFORE: Madison Avenue and Convention Center

AFTER: Madison Avenue with Stormwater Swale

Drawn by: Kevin Perry

Doe energy efficiency and conservation program
DOE Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program

  • Eligible Transportation Projects

    • Zoning guidelines that promote energy efficient development;

    • Infrastructure such as bike lanes and pathways and pedestrian walkways;

    • Integrated planning activities with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and vehicle miles traveled

Hud neighborhood stabilization program 2
HUD Neighborhood Stabilization Program 2

  • $1.9 B in competitive grant funds

    • eligible applicants - states, local governments, nonprofits, and consortia of nonprofits

  • Although targeted at purchasing foreclosed property in at risk areas…

    • Rating Factor 5: Energy efficiency improvement and sustainable development factors

Aces aka waxman markey bill section 222 transportation efficiency
ACES (aka Waxman Markey Bill) Section 222 “Transportation Efficiency”

  • State and regional “goals” for emission reduction “reasonably commensurate” with overall targets in the Act

  • Plans shall

    • use transportation and land use scenario analysis to address transportation-related GHG emissions

    • be done in consultation with the State and local housing, public health, economic development, land use, environment, and transit agencies

Strategies identified in the bill
Strategies Identified in the Bill

  • Updates to zoning and other land use regulations and plans to support development that—

    • coordinates transportation and land use planning;

    • focuses future growth close to existing and planned job centers and public facilities;

    • uses existing infrastructure;

    • promotes walking, bicycling, and public transportation use; and

    • mixes land uses such as housing, retail, and schools

  • Implementation of a complete streets policy

Drcog tip requirements
DRCOG TIP Requirements

  • 100 point rating system for road capacity projects

    • 10 pts. contribution to multimodal connectivity

    • 5 pts. transportation system management

    • 26 pts. helps implement Metro Vision

    • 15 pts. long range plan score

  • Other project categories have similar criteria but weighting varies

    • E.g. bike and pedestrian projects, transit projects, planning studies (road capacity planning, operations studies, station area plans)

Bike and pedestrian project criteria
Bike and Pedestrian Project Criteria

  • User base

  • Cost per user base

  • Connectivity improvements

    • Gap closure

    • Access to schools, jobs and etc.

    • Eliminating barriers

    • Access to transit

Psrc connecting vision 2040 and destination 2030
PSRC – Connecting Vision 2040 and Destination 2030

  • Comprehensive performance measures

    • mobility, safety, land use, environment

  • Monitoring system to track progress

    1. Linking TIP programming to growth management considerations

    2. Incorporating design guidelines into review process

    3. “best practices” for physical design guidelines, financial incentives, and development strategies

    4. Investigating issues related to concurrency

Performance measurement florida dot multi modal level of service
Performance Measurement – Florida DOT Multi-modal Level of Service

Vdot secondary street standards
VDOT Secondary Street Standards

  • requires new developments to provide connectivity with adjacent developments

    • “provision of connectivity can help improve the overall capacity of the transportation network. “

    • “by providing direct and alternative routes, connectivity can help

      • reduce the burden on major roadways and vehicle miles traveled, and

      • improve emergency response times. “

Enhanced connectivity or bypass highway
Enhanced Connectivity or Bypass Highway

Source – NJ DOT (2006)

Massachusetts commonwealth capital fund smart growth scorecards
Massachusetts Commonwealth Capital Fund Smart Growth Scorecards

  • 14 State Programs pooled into a single fund

  • 70% of rating criteria is from each program

  • 30% is based on the commonwealth capital application score








Other epa work related to smart mobility
Other EPA Work Related to Smart Mobility Scorecards

  • Street Design Standards for Emergency Response

    • Performance Based Standard submitted to International Code Council

  • Smart and Sustainable Streets

    • Best practices database

  • Traffic Analysis and Mixed Use Development

    • Working with Institute of Transportation Engineers to publish a new Trip Generation method

Why is better traffic analysis so important
Why is Better Traffic Analysis So Important? Scorecards

Source: TCRP Report 128 (2008)

Applications of smart mobility
Applications of Smart Mobility Scorecards

  • Regional Transportation Plans

  • Criteria for Grant Programs

  • Design Standards

  • Development Review