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Reformers. Church Corruption. Largest Institution after Rome Corruption growing Inquisition Crusades More interested in worldly affairs Crocked Popes Vatican launching wars. Indulgence. Linked to Purgatory Christ’s death saves humanity from hell

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church corruption
Church Corruption
  • Largest Institution after Rome
  • Corruption growing
  • Inquisition
  • Crusades
  • More interested in worldly affairs
  • Crocked Popes
  • Vatican launching wars
indulgence
Indulgence
  • Linked to Purgatory
  • Christ’s death saves humanity from hell
  • People still need to atone and purify themselves for worldly sins
  • Dimension of Heaven – Cardinal Collins
indulgence controversy
Indulgence Controversy
  • Indulgence being given out for “donations”
  • Pope Julius II
  • Archbishops follow the Pope’s lead
can we still have faith in the church
Can we still have Faith in the Church?
  • St. Augustine of Hippo
  • The City of God
  • Worldly Church directs humanity to the heavenly Church
st francis of assisi
St. Francis of Assisi
  • Detached from the world
  • Mystical experience at age 22
  • Mandate to rebuild the Church
  • Mendicant life style
  • 1210 visits Rome
  • Sets up Religious order
  • Stigmata
jan hus
Jan Hus
  • Critical of abuses
  • Claimed superiority of personal judgment over Church teaching
  • Denied Sacred Tradition and purgatory
  • Holy Roman Empire Sigismund had him executed as a heretic
erasamus of rotterdam
Erasamus of Rotterdam
  • Renowned Intellect of his time
  • Never criticized divine origins of Church
  • Critical of the way Church operated
  • Explored how Christians can be involved with worldly affairs
  • Praise of Folly
martin luther
Martin Luther
  • Born 1483
  • Grew up in Eisleben, Germany
  • Masters of Arts, 1505
  • Entered a monastery
  • Ordained a priest, 1507
  • PhD in theology, 1513
  • Professor at Wittenberg University
personality
Personality
  • Melancholy and introspective
  • How can we know for sure we’re saved?
  • Tormented by whether God loved him or not
  • Depressed? OCD? Paranoid?
doctrine of justification
Doctrine of Justification
  • Agreed with the Church about Original Sin
  • Need Christ
  • “the justice of God” St. Paul
  • Not through our efforts, but through God’s unfathomable mercy
catholic theology
Catholic Theology

Luther’s Theology

  • Need Christ
  • Faith in Scripture*
  • Sacraments
  • Works (imitate Christ)
  • Need Christ
  • Faith in Scripture
  • *Interpreted correctly by Magisterium
95 theses
95 Theses
  • 1514
  • Luther writes series of arguments
  • Some objections theological
  • Others pertain to corruption
  • Hammers them onto Church doors
the holy roman empire
The Holy Roman Empire
  • Series of confederated states
  • Holy Roman Empire often struggling to keep these states unified
  • Power struggles between Holy Roman Emperor, local rulers, and Pope
spread of lutheranism
Spread of Lutheranism
  • Translates his ideas into German
  • Pope Leo X preoccupied
  • In 1518 Leo summons Luther to Rome
  • Luther becomes more radical and attacks divine origins of the Church
diet of worms
Diet of Worms
  • Gains momentum after 1518
  • In 1521, Emperor Charles V, calls Luther to recant
  • Luther officially alienates from Church
  • Hidden in a castle in Watburg
beyond luther
Beyond Luther
  • Theological and military fighting
  • 1555, Peace of Augsburg
  • Recognize both Lutheranism and Catholicism