sonnet 18 n.
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Sonnet 18 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Sonnet 18. Text. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate; Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date; Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed ;

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Text

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate;

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date;

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance or nature's changing course untrimmed;

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;

Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st:

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

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Form: Shakespearean sonnet

  • Theme: You can immortalize things with writing and other works of art.
    • So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
    • So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
analysis
Analysis
  • Figurative language
    • Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
      • The speaker then subverts this comparison by listing negative things about summer: it is too short and too hot

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date;

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

      • Because of these things “Thou art more lovely and more temperate”, and the beloved has a summer that will last forever.
    • Death is a proud personality who brags.
      • Common in literature
    • Language of borrowing and lending
      • “summer’s lease”
      • “Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;”
        • Ow’st could be interpreted as either own or owe. This suggests that beauty is something borrowed that eventually has to be given back.
analysis1
Analysis
  • There is also this imagery of a growing plant.
    • When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st
  • The shift comes at the ninth line:
    • But thy eternal summer shall not fade, which contrasts the eternal summer with the physical, temporary summer.
a trivia fact
A trivia fact
  • Many scholars think this sonnet was addressed to a male.