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Computer-Mediated Communication and Video Chat . Randall Sadler University of Illinois @ Urbana-Champaign. What is CMC/NBLT?.

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computer mediated communication and video chat

Computer-Mediated Communication and Video Chat

Randall Sadler

University of Illinois @

Urbana-Champaign

what is cmc nblt
What is CMC/NBLT?
  • Computer-Mediated Communication (for language learning) is the use of computers connected by networks to engage in authentic communication with other language learners and/or teachers.

“NBLT represents a new and different side of CALL, where human-to-human communication is the focus” (Kern & Warschauer, 2000, p. 1).

how is that different from call
How is that different from CALL?
  • “…CALL has traditionally been associated with self-contained, programmed applications such as tutorials, drills, simulations, instructional games, tests, and so on” (Kern & Warschauer, 2000, p. 1) .
  • Many of these influenced by The Audiolingual Approach
  • Aka, Drill and Kill
a very short review of research
A VERY short review of research…
  • Email: Absalon & Marden, 2004; Biesenbach-Lucas & Weasenforth, 2001; Fedderholdt, 2001; O'Dowd, 2003; Shang, 2003
  • Message Boards: Benton, 1996; Kamhi-Stein, 2000; Ware, 2004
  • MUDs and MOOs: Kötter, 2001b; Peterson, 2001; Weininger & Shield, 2003
  • Text Chat: Bearden, 2003; Freiermuth, 2002; Perez, 2003; D. B. Smith, 2001; Tudini, 2003; Williams, 2003
okay a fairly short review
Okay, a fairly short review…
  • Audio Chat: Cziko & Park, 2003; Hampel & Hauck, 2004; Kötter, 2001a; Kötter, Shield, & Stevens, 1999; Lamy, 2004
  • Video Conferencing: Goodfellow et al., 1996; Kinginger, 1998; Matthews, 1998; McAndrew, Foubister, & Mayes, 1996; Egert, 2000
  • Video Chat: Wang, 2004
research questions
Research Questions
  • What programs are freely available for engaging in synchronous video chat?
  • How different are these tools from each other in terms of technical and pedagogical issues?
  • How suitable are these programs for personal communication?
  • How suitable are these programs for language teaching purposes?
what did the study do
What did the study do?
  • Evaluated 8 freely available video chat programs
    • CU-See Me World
    • ICQ
    • MSN Messenger
    • Paltalk
    • Skype
    • Yahoo Messenger
participants
Turkey

8 MATEFL students

4 female & 4 male

Taking course on “The use of computers for language learning”

US

10 MA TESL students

5 male & 5 female

U.S., Argentina, China, Cambodia, and Korea

Taking course on “CMC for Language Teaching”

Participants
procedure
Procedure
  • Groups of 2-3 students used each program for international communication
  • Each student completed a 28-item questionnaire for each tool & a final questionnaire
    • 3,132 item responses total
what they liked disliked
What they liked/disliked
  • High audio and video quality
  • Ability to make landline calls
  • Familiarity
  • No possibility for multi-user video chat
  • Skype—small user video
what they liked disliked16
What they liked/disliked
  • “Potential” for multi-user chat
  • Pre-existing interest groups
  • Free usage restricted
  • Button turn-taking (Paltalk)
  • Technical Issues (CUworld)
  • Wow/Yikes Factor
the middle 3 rd yahoo icq transitional tools18
The Middle 3rd—Yahoo & ICQ (Transitional Tools)
  • Free
  • Multiuser video chat for free—ICQ
  • Some video and audio issues
  • Annoying extra software (Yahoo)
  • Chat overload—317
what does all this mean for us
What does all this mean for us?
  • Do you need video?
  • In class or out of class usage?
    • Individual or class to class (videoconferencing)?
  • Free or pay?
  • 1-1 or multi-person communication?
  • Have a partner or need a partner?
  • xLingo & mylanguageexchange