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Hannah Pohlmann Grade 9 Academy of Notre Dame de Namur. Total Recall. Problem. Does one’s environment and age affect how well they study/memorize?. Research. Today: January 25 th 2011. Research. Memory in General Short-term (used in this experiment)

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hannah pohlmann grade 9 academy of notre dame de namur
Hannah Pohlmann

Grade 9

Academy of Notre Dame de Namur

Total Recall

  • Does one’s environment and age affect how well they study/memorize?
  • Today:
  • January 25th 2011
  • Memory in General
    • Short-term (used in this experiment)
      • Part of brain is the hippocampus, which is located inside the temporal lobes
      • Things remembered (such as words) and then quickly forgotten
      • Easily disrupted
      • Information is converted into long-term from short term
      • Amnesia if there isn’t enough time to convert
  • Effects of Distraction on Memory–Tyler Jewett
    • Hypothesized that “the ability to recall words decreased as distraction increased”
    • Tested subjects by giving them a list of 20 simple 4-5 letter words
    • Given 1 minute to memorize
    • Sat in silence for 2 minutes
    • Then wrote down all remembered words in 2 minutes
    • Second time, the researcher read from the U.S. constitution during the memorization time
      • During the 2 minutes between and the two minutes of recall, the researcher continued to read from the constitution
    • Ability to ignore increases with age
      • Two test for adults and children
      • Adults did about the same but children did worse with a distraction
    • ADHD processes the same but cannot remember as well
    • Students scored higher on single-task vs. duel-task tests
  • CBS and Oxford
    • Do social factors and age affect memory?
      • Memory/ Cognitive function is affected by lifestyle, family and other relationships, and a person’s feeling of control over their life
      • The young, healthy, educated, and people who feel they have control over their life did the best
      • Most memory is based in confidence
  • WSJ and Wiley Online Library
    • Study involving 5 different music conditions
    • Memorized letter sequences
    • Music and random digits hampered results
      • Preference made no difference
    • Did better with repeated digit and silence
  • Philly. Com
    • Hearing half of a conversation distracts much more than a whole conversation
    • Followed dots and clicked on letters under both conditions
    • With letters there was 10% drop in corrects
    • Not words but the random occurrences that distract
  • Science Direct
    • School near elevated train
    • Loud side of the building scored lower on reading skills
    • Insulated ceilings and walls were installed and both sides scored the same
  • Access Excellence-Brenda Brown
    • Similar to my project
    • Light v. dark, cold, music
    • The researcher starts listing three words and adds a word each time until the subject cannot remember anymore
  • If one’s environment and age changes, then how well they study or memorize will change too.
  • Stopwatch
  • Informed consent permission slips
  • Volunteers
  • Lists of words
  • Music
  • TV
  • Chairs
  • Quiet rooms
  • Blank paper
  • Wrote up 4 different lists of 30 words
  • Found 15 (or more) volunteers
  • Had volunteers memorize words for 2 minutes under different conditions
    • Using a different list every time
  • After each 2 minute interval, saw how many words the volunteers remember
    • Giving them 2-3 minutes to recall what they memorized and write it down on provided paper
  • Correct list
    • Checking for error and or any patterns in memorization
  • Compared results to see how the volunteers were affected
  • Teens are the best
  • Teens and children were not effected by environment
  • TV effected adults
  • Quiet and Music-teens are better than children but children and adults are the same
  • TV-Teens are best
  • In a quiet, comfortable environment all ages were the same
  • Supports hypothesis
  • Results may have differed with a larger study
    • Subjects also got tired as the tests continued
thanks to
Thanks to:
  • Those listening, Teachers, Parents, and the following websites:
  • Avril, Tom. "Half a conversation is worse than none." Philly.com. Philly.com, 27      Sept. 2010. Web. 26 Jan. 2011. <http://articles.philly.com/2010-09-27/      news/24978825_1_task-conversation-dot>.
  • Bronzaft, Arline L. "The effect of a noise abatement program on reading      ability." ScienceDirect. Elsevier, 8 July 2005. Web. 26 Jan. 2011.      <http://www.sciencedirect.com/ science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WJ8-4GK8NN5-3&_user=10&_coverDate=09/30/      1981&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ac     ct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=4a87cdf73e7c1868fc12ad5281f      a10e3&searchtype=a>.
  • Brown, Brenda. "Effects of Environment on Memory." Access Excellence . National      Health Musem, n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2011. <http://www.accessexcellence.org/      AE/AEC/AEF/1996/brown_memory.php>.
  • Jewett, Tyler. "Effects of Distraction on Memory." Associated Content. Yahoo, 26      Nov. 2008. Web. 1 Feb. 2011. <http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/      1222108/effects_of_distraction_on_memory.html?cat=72>.
thanks to1
Thanks To:
  • Perham, Nick, and Joanne Vizard. "Can preference for background music mediate      the irrelevant sound effect?" Wiely Online Library. JohnWiley & Sons, Ltd.,      2010. Web. 26 Jan. 2011. <http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/      acp.1731/abstract>.
  • Scott, Jerry. "Zits." Comic strip. chron. The Houston Chronicle, 25 Jan. 2011.      Web. 26 Jan. 2011. <http://www.chron.com/apps/comics/ showComick.mpl?date=20110125&name=Zits>.
  • Singer-Vine, Jeremy. "Music Impairs Certain Acts of Memorization." The Wall Street Journal 9 Aug. 2010: 1. The Wall Street Journal. Web. 26 Jan. 2011.      <http://online.wsj.com/article/      SB10001424052748703988304575413231864435268.html?mod=WSJ_hps_sections_health#arti     cleTabs%3Darticle>.
  • Stevens, Fred C.J., et al. "How ageing and social factors affect memory." CBS MoneyWatch.com. CBS Interactive Inc., July 1999. Web. 1 Feb. 2011.      <http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2459/is_4_28/ai_55450324/pg_6/      ?tag=content;col1>.