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Manitoba Geological Survey: Sedimentary Geoscience Projects. Michelle P.B. Nicolas, P.Geo . A/Chief Geologist, Sedimentary Geoscience May 1, 2014. Sedimentary Geoscience Section. Michelle Nicolas Phanerozoic stratigraphy and petroleum geology James Bamburak

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manitoba geological survey sedimentary geoscience projects

Manitoba Geological Survey:Sedimentary Geoscience Projects

Michelle P.B. Nicolas, P.Geo.

A/Chief Geologist, Sedimentary Geoscience

May 1, 2014

sedimentary geoscience section
Sedimentary Geoscience Section
  • Michelle Nicolas
    • Phanerozoic stratigraphy and petroleum geology
  • James Bamburak
    • Industrial and specialty minerals
  • Michelle Trommelen
    • Quaternary geology
stratigraphic and petroleum projects
Michelle P.B. Nicolas, P. Geo.

A/Chief Geologist, Sedimentary Geoscience

Petroleum and Phanerozoic Geologist

Stratigraphic and Petroleum projects
hudson bay lowland project
Hudson Bay Lowland Project

Project location: Hudson Bay Lowland, northeastern Manitoba

Staff involved:Michelle Nicolas, Michelle Trommelen, Greg Keller

  • Partners:
    • GSC (Lavoie et al.), OGS (Armstrong), Nunavut Gov. (Zhang), U of Manitoba (Chow, Elias), Manitoba Museum (Young)
  • Rationale:
    • Understand the hydrocarbon potential and basin architecture and evolution of the Hudson Bay Basin.
    • Build upon GEM Energy (2008-2013).
    • GEM 2: Hudson Bay and Ungava Project (2013-2020):
        • Focus on understanding HBL stratigraphy, correlations, age of units, lithological variations and sedimentology
hudson bay lowland project1
Hudson Bay Lowland Project

Project location: Hudson Bay Lowland, northeastern Manitoba

Staff involved:Michelle Nicolas, Michelle Trommelen, Greg Keller

  • Objectives (2014-15):
    • Churchill River field work;
    • Core sampling for:
        • Stable isotope (C-O);
        • Biostratigraphy;
        • Geochemistry (organic, inorganic);
        • Basin exhumation history (AFT).
    • Reconcile and compile stratigraphic information;
    • Evaluate data available for construction of 3-D model.
  • Products (2014)
    • Report of Activities paper;
    • Poster at the Manitoba Mining and Mineral Convention.
shallow cretaceous shale gas project
Shallow Cretaceous Shale Gas Project

Project location: southwestern Manitoba, subsurface to outcrop

Staff involved:Michelle Nicolas, James Bamburak

  • Partners: University of Calgary (P. Pedersen; S. Hosseininejad; R. Spencer), GSC
  • Special Funding: Manitoba Hydro (Gas Division), Mitacs, Questerre Energy Corp.
  • Rationale:
    • Improve our basic geological knowledge of the shallow gas-bearing Cretaceous formations out SW Manitoba.
    • Assess the potential for shallow shale gas in these units as a future resource for Manitoba.
shallow cretaceous shale gas project1
Shallow Cretaceous Shale Gas Project

Project location: southwestern Manitoba, subsurface to outcrop

Staff involved:Michelle Nicolas, James Bamburak

  • Objectives (2014-15):
    • Acquire an compile geochemistry and mineralogy data of shale samples (including oil shale sampling).
    • Investigate new outcrops of potential shale gas reservoirs.
    • Begin subsurface correlations and building sequence stratigraphic model.
    • Geochemical and mineralogical fingerprinting of mudrocks (U of Calgary).
  • Products (2014)
    • Report of Activities paper;
    • Poster at the Manitoba Mining and Mineral Convention.
slide8

Favel Formation Oil Shale – Sclater River, 2004

Oil Shale Project

Staff involved:Michelle Nicolas, James Bamburak

  • Partners:GSC, University of Calgary (P. Pedersen), FG & Partners (Calgary), Israel Energy Initiatives Ltd (Jerusalem), more.

Total Organic Carbon (TOC %)/

Petroleum Potential (kg/t)

  • Rationale:
  • Canada-Israel Industrial Research and Development Foundation of the Federal Government of Canada:
    • international partnership between the GSC and Israel Energy Initiatives Ltd. to study possible in-situ extraction of hydrocarbons from oil shale.
  • Manitoba has many outcrop sampling sites to provide samples for study.

Porcupine Hills

7.19/35.18 – 3 samples

Duck Mountain

6.81/30.93 – 11 samples

Riding Mountain

5.92/30.23 – 5 samples

Pembina Mountain

5.18/16.65 – 3 samples

  • Objectives (2014) :
  • Sampling along Manitoba escarpment to collect oil shale samples, and submit for chemical and kinetic analyses.

Kovac (1984)

paleozoic investigations duperow formation project
Paleozoic investigations:Duperow Formation Project

Project location: southwestern Manitoba (subsurface)

Staff involved:Michelle Nicolas

  • Partners: University of Manitoba (N. Chow, K. Bates, L. Eggie)
  • Special Funding: Arc Resources
  • Rationale:
    • Investigate deep Paleozoic formations for new deep oil prospects, as conventional and unconventional targets.
    • Gain a better stratigraphic, sedimentological and economic understanding of this formation in SW Manitoba.
paleozoic investigations duperow formation project1
Paleozoic investigations:Duperow Formation Project

Project location: southwestern Manitoba (subsurface)

Staff involved:Michelle Nicolas

  • Partners: University of Manitoba (N. Chow, K. Bates, L. Eggie)
  • Objectives (2014-15):
      • Report of Activities and M. Sc. thesis writing (Bates, U of M);
      • Presentation at international conference (Chow, U of M)
  • Products (2014)
    • Report of Activities paper.
geological highway map of manitoba
Geological Highway Map of Manitoba

Project location: all of Manitoba

Staff involved:Michelle Nicolas, Paul Lenton, Len Chackowsky, James Bamburak, Sharon Lee, Paul Kremer, Michelle Trommelen, Mark Pacey

  • Rationale:
    • Update the geology map and geological highway map of Manitoba to a scale of 1:1M.
  • Objectives (2014-15):
    • Geological map base at 1:1M and 1:250k scales completed.
    • Compile photographic database and take inventory of “points of interest”.
    • Work on text and graphics.
slide13

Industrial/Specialty Minerals Investigations - Bentonite

Project location:Southwestern Manitoba – Manitoba escarpment (outcrops)

Staff involved:James Bamburak, Michelle Nicolas

    • Partners: Bird River Resources Inc.
  • Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre
  • Rationale:
  • Attract industrial development of mineral resources to provide local employment;
  • Fundamental geological problems.
    • Expand inventory of potential sources of industrial/specialty minerals in Manitoba.
  • Linked to Cretaceous Shale Gas Project.
  • Objectives (2014-15):
  • Outcrop and quarry investigations;
  • Collect and submit two bentonite samples for geochronology (U-Pb zircon).
  • Products for 2014:
  • Report of Activities contribution;
  • Geoscientific report on bentonite;
  • Technical talk and/or poster (MB Mines and Minerals Convention).

Manitoba escarpment

slide14

Industrial/Specialty Minerals Investigations – REE

Project location:Outcrops along the Manitoba escarpment, southwestern Manitoba

Staff involved:James Bamburak, Michelle Nicolas, Tania Martens, Eric Yang

30 m

Rationale: Evaluate potential areas for future REE discovery.

Vermilion River o/c

02-22-23-20W1

  • Objectives (2014-15):
  • Channel sampling of entire Gammon Ferruginous Member in the Vermilion River area, 2014.

2 m of Gammon

Ferrruginous sampled, near base of section, 2013

  • Products for 2014:
  • Report of Activities contribution;
  • Technical talk and/or poster (MB Mines and Minerals Convention).
slide15

Industrial/Specialty Minerals Investigations – Lake Winnipegosis

Project location:Southwestern Manitoba – Lake Winnipegosis

Staff involved:James Bamburak

Partners: Klyne Exploration

White Cap Exploration

  • Rationale:
  • Expand inventory of potential sources of industrial/specialty minerals in Manitoba
  • Attract industrial development of mineral resources to provide local employment;
  • Fundamental geological problems.
  • Objectives (2014-15):
  • Possible trips to Pemmican Island with Klyne Exploration and McAulay Harbour with White Cap Exploration.

Lake Winnipegosis

  • Products for 2014:
  • Geoscientific report on MVT and hydrothermal mineralization;
  • Technical talk and/or poster (MB Mines and Minerals Convention).
slide16

Geolocalities/Roadside Geology

Project location:Southern Manitoba

Staff involved:James Bamburak, Mark Pacey

Partners: Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre

Manitoba Petroleum Branch

Brandon University

APEGM Heritage Committee

  • Rationale:
    • Preserve legacy of geological knowledge of senior staff for educational purposes.
  • Dissemination of geoscientific and mining-related information to the general public is necessary for them to appreciate the importance of mineral resource extraction in the maintenance of Manitoba’s standard of living.
slide17

Geolocalities/Roadside Geology (cont’d)

Project location:Southern Manitoba

Staff involved:James Bamburak, Mark Pacey

Lake St. Martin

  • Objectives (2014-15):
  • Video capturing of geolocalities over 3-4 days in the southern Interlake.
  • Literature research.
    • Input select Phanerozoic outcrop descriptions into Manitoba Government Provincial Data Network.

Steeprock/Faulkner

Seymourville

Hecla

The Narrows

Stonewall/Stony Mountain

Winnipeg

  • Products for 2014:
  • Southeastern Roadside Geology added into Manitoba Virtual GeoTourson YouTube™.

Southern Interlake 2014

slide19

Quaternary - Gillam

Project location:Gillam area

Staff involved:Michelle Trommelen

Partners: Manitoba Hydro

University of Waterloo

  • Objectives (2014-2016):
  • Surficial geology mapping;
  • Aggregate potential mapping;
  • Till composition and drift exploration (MSc project);
  • Glacial history (PhD or post-doc project).
  • Rationale:
  • Mapped in 1980’s (GSC reconnaissance-scale);
  • 2013 preliminary field survey led to a number of surprises;
  • Manitoba Hydro is currently beginning construction at Keeyask and Conawapa.
slide20

Quaternary - Gillam

  • Methods:
  • 1:50k scale regional mapping;
  • Helicopter, boat, truck;
  • Till sampling for characterization (surface and in section);
  • Incorporation of drill core data;
  • Radiocarbon dating of fossil material.
  • Products for 2014:
  • Report of Activities contributions;
  • Technical talk and poster
  • (MB Mines and Minerals
  • Convention).
  • Timeframe:
  • Keeyask, Stevens Lake 2014 (detailed survey);
  • Conawapa, Nelson River 2015 (regional survey).
slide21

Quaternary – Churchill River

Project location:Churchill River

Churchill

Staff involved:Michelle Trommelen

North Knife River

Partners: MGS Paleozoic

  • Objectives (2014-15):
  • Till sampling;
  • Stratigraphy;
  • Regional surficial geology mapping.

Churchill River

  • Rationale:
  • Unstudied area.
  • Methods:
  • Helicopter reconnaissance (7 days);
  • Till sampling for characterization (surface and in section).
slide22

Quaternary – Compilation

Upcoming Release:

New surficial geology web pages

  • Contains:
  • Surficial geology map index;
  • Links to current projects;
  • Ongoing carbonate dispersal till analyses and interpretation;
  • Surficial materials compilation index;
  • Digital compilation of surficial point and line features:
    • ice-flow indicators,
    • field sites,
    • outcrops,
    • streamlined landforms,
    • eskers,
    • and more...