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ESL 221. September 23, 2009. In-Class Reading. In Handbook , Read pp. 23-26 (start at the bottom of p. 23 with “Developing a working thesis” When you finish reading, complete any two of the examples at the bottom of p. 26 (e.g. 1 & 4, 2 & 5, 3 & 4, etc.). Research Questions.

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esl 221

ESL 221

September 23, 2009

in class reading
In-Class Reading
  • In Handbook, Read pp. 23-26 (start at the bottom of p. 23 with “Developing a working thesis”
  • When you finish reading, complete any two of the examples at the bottom of p. 26 (e.g. 1 & 4, 2 & 5, 3 & 4, etc.)
research questions
Research Questions
  • When preparing to write an essay, a research question can help to guide your preparation
  • A research question helps to remind you of the kind of information you hope to include in your essay
sample research questions
Sample Research Questions
  • What is wrong with the current American healthcare system?
  • What are some of the problems that international students face while studying in America?
  • Do you think that international students should be allowed to have American Driver’s Licenses? Why or why not?
going from research question to thesis statement
Going from Research Question to Thesis Statement
  • The thesis statement is a detailed yet concise answer to the research question
  • It includes a main idea, but also includes several supporting ideas (called sub-topics) that will be further addressed in the body of the paper
  • Typically one sentence, can be two sentences in some cases
identify the sub topics
Identify the Sub-Topics
  • Research Question: What are some of the problems that international students face while studying in America?
  • Thesis Statement: While studying in America, international students must overcome a language barrier, spend time away from their families, and learn to do everything in a new and different culture.
identify the sub topics1
Identify the Sub-Topics
  • Research Question: What are some of the problems that international students face while studying in America?
  • Thesis Statement: While studying in America, international students must overcome a language barrier, spend time away from their families, and learn to do everything in a new and different culture.
activity
Activity

Working with a partner, write a thesis statement that answers the following research question:

What are the benefits of studying abroad?

three types of thesis statements
Three Types of Thesis Statements
  • Informing – writing to transmit knowledge
  • Interpreting – writing to produce understanding
  • Arguing – writing to assert matters of public debate
  • Three basic types of essays: Informative, Interpretive and Argumentative
what type of essay is appropriate
What type of essay is appropriate?

For each essay prompt below, determine the type of thesis statement that would be most appropriate (informative, interpretive or argumentative):

  • Should international students be allowed to obtain American driver’s licenses?
  • Write an essay discussing American values as they are represented in the movie Gone with the Wind
  • Write an essay about daily life in your home country
  • Do you think the American healthcare system needs to be changed? Why or why not?
topic sentences
Topic Sentences
  • Topic Sentences are drawn from the sub-topics found in the thesis statement
  • Each sub-topic in the thesis statement becomes the main idea for a paragraph in the body of the essay
writing topic sentences
Writing Topic Sentences

Thesis Statement: The negative outcomes of drinking alcohol include, but are not limited to: poor performance in school, an increase of risky behaviors, and alcoholism.

  • One of the negative outcomes of drinking is poorer performance in the classroom.
  • Another potentially negative outcome of drinking is an increased likelihood to participate in risky behavior.
  • A final and most serious outcome of drinking is the development of alcoholism, or an addiction to alcohol.
activity homework
Activity/Homework
  • Complete the handout given in class (due Monday)
    • You may work with a partner while in class
  • Read pp. 48-57 in Sourcework, then complete Activity 2 on p. 59. Please write or type your answers on a separate sheet of paper so that you may turn them in.