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Wanee Samphantharak

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  1. Thai Cultural and Ethical Codesin Climate Change Negotiations Wanee Samphantharak

  2. Presentation Flow • ThaiEthics and Morals • Thai Culture and Society • Development, Globalization and Thai Culture • Renewal of Ethics and Morals • Ethics and International Environment

  3. Thai Ethics and Morals • Derived from the traditional religion of Thailand “Buddhism” • Recognize “human is part of nature” • Emphasize “ the mutual co-existence of man and nature” use “loving-kindness” as a means for peaceful co-existence • Use “Moderation” as the key • Consume moderately • Live moderately • relate moderately

  4. Thai Culture and Society • Agricultural based, especially rice • Strong community cohesion • Agricultural labor sharing • Participation and cooperation in community activities • Self reliance; Self sufficiency • Polite, Compromise and Peacefulness • “Land of Smile”

  5. Development, Globalization and Thai Culture • The Cultural effects of development patterns • Western pattern of development influenced heavily • Social values of moderation replaced by economic maximization • Overemphasize economic wealth and materialism

  6. Economic Crisis and Moderation Renewal • Economic and financial crisis caused serious social and economic problems • The crisis requires strong adjustments • The King Guidance to fight the arising problems Sufficiency Economy

  7. Philosophy of “Sufficiency Economy” • Means “Moderation” and due consideration on all modes of conduct • Stress “Middle Path” as a principle for appropriate conduct

  8. Ethics and International Environment • Global environments are externalities and institutional intervention is needed • The Principles underlying the Climate Change Convention has built-in Ethical and Moral consideration • Precaution • Common but Differentiated Responsibilities • Information Exchange • Assistance to the Needs and the Affected

  9. The Convention Process and Ethical Issue • The process indicates Ethics and Moral are lacking in Climate Change negotiation • Overemphasizing market and efficiency • Lack of financial and technical support for vulnerability and adaptation • Ignore “inter-nation” and “inter- generation” equity • Fail to distinguish “Emission for Survival” from “Emission for Luxury”

  10. Toward Global Sustainable Development • Ethics and Moral for international environment is critically needed • Look at nature as integral part of us • Consider all humankind, all space and time • “Moderation” and “Sufficiency Economy” are important keys to dilute “Greedy” and Concentrate “middle path of life” toward sustainable development “Leading a contented life with few desires Being satisfied and therefore always happy”

  11. Thank You Thank You