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2004 Economic censuses. MEXICO. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI). National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics. 2004 Economic censuses.

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2004 Economic censuses


Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática


National Institute of Statistics,

Geography and Informatics

2004 Economic censuses

Economic Censuses in Mexico, provide outstanding information about various aspects related to fishing, mining, electricity, gas and water, construction, manufacturing industry, trade, services and transportation establishments.

Due to their geographic and thematic coverage, economic censuses are considered the most complete and comprehensive source of economic information in Mexico.



Since 75 years ago, Mexico has conducted the economic censuses every five years.

The first Economic Census was taken in 1930.

Currently 16 censuses have been achieved, including the 2004 one.

Information benefits
  • Economic Censuses are the main source of economic information for the National Statistical System.
  • They provide a national economic profile at their sectorial, geographic and thematic levels.
  • They show different patterns of specialization and industrial locations, as well as traditional and new economic activities.
  • Produce information for statistic frameworks in the sample planning.
  • In the National Accounts System they help to build the input-output matrix and also in the updating of the base-year, among others.
Information benefits

They serve as the users's framework for refrence in decision-making.

  • In the public sector they help in economic planning and its evaluation.
  • With this information managers, in different sectors, produce analisys in order to get information about the market current situation.
  • Using census information academic and researchers compare different hypothesis about the characteristics of the regional, state and domestic production systems.
Coverage (sectorial, thematic and geographic)

Sectorial Coverage

Primary Activities

Secondary Activities

Tertiary Activities

Criteria of selection of large

establisments & companies


Coverage (sectorial, thematic and geographic)

Thematic Coverage

The economic censuses incorporate a total of 1,184 variables.

Specific thematic (example)

General thematic (example)

Fishing equipment

Legal category and kind of


Water sources and destination

Foreign investment

Mineral reserves

Age of economic unit

Occupied personnel

Passengers and freight transported


Raw materials breakdown



Clients and suppliers


Hotel category

Fixed assets

Vehicle fleet

Brand, patent, commercial

name, etc.

Coverage (sectorial, thematic and geographic)

Basic questionnaire

Rural area questionnaire

Auxiliary establishment questionnaire

Fishing questionnaire

Manufacturing questionnaire

Electricity industry questionnaire

Mining units questionnaire

Construction enterprises questionnaire

Trade and services questionnaire

Education activities questionnaire

Acommodation services questionnaire

Banks and financial institutions questionnaire

Financial and insurance questionnaire

Water supply questionnaire

Oil and gas extraction questionnaire

Petroleum refineries and petrochemical questionnaire

Transit and road transportation of passengers questionnaire (individuals)

Transit and road tarnsportation of passengers questionnaire

Air transportation questionnaire

Electric transportation questionnaire

Water transportation questionnaire

Rail transportation questionnaire

Transportation and distribution questionnaire


23 questionnaires

Annex for telephony services

Annex for integral port administration

Annex for postal services

Annex for roads, bridges used by ground transportation

Annex for telegraphic services

5 annexes

Coverage (sectorial, thematic and geographic)

Observation unit

Observation unit refers to the statistic unit for which data is collected. In most economic activities the constant economic unit used is the establishment, eventhough in some cases it can be the enterprise.

It includes fixed, partly fixed and household establishments, and excludes informal trade and those persons who work for own account without a physical location.

To cover the different ways observation units work, it was necessary to represent them at different levels.

Coverage (sectorial, thematic and geographic)

Observation unit

It is the economic unit that in a single physical location, permanently placed and delimited by constructions and fixed facilities, combines actions and resources under the control of a single proprietary organization or controller to make activities of goods production merchandise transaction or rendering services, either for profit or non for profit.


It is the economic unit that under a single proprietary organization or controller, combines actions and resources to make activities of production of goods production, merchandise transaction or rendering services, either for profit or non for profit.

The enterprise can be defined at diverse geographic levels: Country, state or municipality according to are required.


Coverage (sectorial, thematic and geographic)

Geographic coverage

Municipal town head

Localities which have 2,500 or more inhabitants

(urban areas).

6,673 Localities which where census object (by complete "swept")

Localities which have less than 2,500 inhabitants, located on industrial estates or industrial parks.


Rural localities which where sample object

29,957 Localities in sample, in which case a complete "swept" is realized.

Thematic Coverage

Legal category and

kind of property

Physical person

Cooperative society

Association or civil society

Profit mercantile societies

Public services and trade

Public administration and defense


Thematic Coverage

Foreign investment

A share exists

­ No

­ Yes

Share average

Country of origin

Thematic Coverage

Age of economic unit

Starting year of activities

Worked days

Thematic Coverage

Occupied personnel

Belonging to the company (dependent)

­ Production workers (Men, women and hours worked)

­ Administrative employees

(Men, women and hours worked)

­ Owners, relatives and other non remunerated workers

(Men, women and hours worked)

Not belonging to the company (non dependent)

­ Personnel supplied by a different company

(Men, women and hours worked)

­ Personnel by fees (Men, women and hours worked)

Thematic Coverage


Wages and salaries

Employer contributions

Other social perceptions

Distributed profits

Payments for indemnity or personnel settlement

Thematic Coverage


- Merchandise bought for sale

- Foreign expenses

- Domestic expenses

- Materials consumed for rendering services

- Raw and secondary material consumed

- Fuel and lubricants consumption

- Electricity consumption

Payments for production services (maquila)

- Advertsing

- Communication services

- Packages

- Insurance premiums

- Royalties payments

- Repairs and spare parts for maintenance

Travel allowances

- Sold products shipments

- Commissions on sales

- Other expenses for consumption

Expenses not derived from the activity

- Interests on credits or loans

- Taxes levied on the economic activity

- Specific taxes on products

- Rights.

Expenditures for the consumption

of goods and services

Thematic Coverage

Income for the provision of goods and services


• Domestic income

• Foreign income

• Net sales of mineral acquired for their sale

• Services rendered

• Net sales of fabricated products

• Income for the rental of real estate, tangible goods,

machinery and equipment

• Income for production services (maquila)

• Income for royalties

• Other

Income not derived from

the activity



Dues, contributions or donations


­ Production value

­ Fabricated products value

­ Production of constructions and facilities

­ Production of other fixed assets for own use

Thematic Coverage


Inventories valuation

• Inventories of bought merchandise for resale

• Inventories of raw materials and material for

rendering services

• Inventories of fabricated products

• Inventories of products in process

• Inventories of other goods

Thematic Coverage

Fixed assets

• Machinery and production equipment

• Real estate

• Transportation units and equipment

• Computer and peripheral equipment

• Installed and used capacity

Fixed assets depreciation

• Fixed assets valuation

• Purchase of fixed assets

• Sale of fixed assets

Thematic Coverage

Vehicle fleet


Light truck



Heavy truck



Trailer truck



Towing truck


Thematic Coverage

Fishing equipment

Commercial fishing

Fishing of promotion

Aquaculture and other aquatic fauna


Semi extensive


Finfish fishing

Shellfish fishing

Thematic Coverage

Water sources and destination


Surface source of supply: rivers, lagoons

Subsoil source of supply: Underground rivers and filter galleries

Water in block: it is not extracted, it is bought

Water destination

Water intakes

Sewage system connections

Waste water discharge

Thematic Coverage

Mineral reserves

Mineral measured or sampling for its operation or extraction

Thematic Coverage

Passengers and freight


Transportation equipment for rendering services

Own transportation units

Value of rented transportation units

Origin of transportation units



Support transportation units and equipment

Thematic Coverage

Clients and suppliers


- Final consumer

- Commerce

- Industrial and farming producers

- Services

- Public institutions

- Other client


- Industrial producers

- Farming producers

- Services

- Commercial establishments

- Public institutions

- Other suppliers

Thematic Coverage

Hotel category

Category of establishment

- 1 to 5 stars

- Special class

- Great tourism

- Other

Capacity of lodging

- Traditional hotel

- Timeshare

- Hotel or motel

- Villas and cabins

- Suites

- Bungalows

- Typical houses

- Condo-hotels

Thematic Coverage

Criteria of selection of large establisments & companies

a) The occupied personnel (dependent and not dependent) is equal or greater to 50 workers.

b) Their annual income is equal or greater to 5 million pesos.

c) Their fixed assets are equal or greater to 10 million pesos.

d) Economic units which belong to a company and altogether fulfill one of the criteria

established in the previous points.

e) Economic units which belong to a national company (with establishments in more than

one state).

f) Economic units that are engaged in maquila exports.

g) Units classified in: Private schools which combine diverse education degrees or Public

schools which combine diverse education levels.

h) Public or private economic units which provide higher education services.

i) Public economic units which provide education services and have 50 or more

occupied persons.

j) Economic units which provide accommodation with integrated services.

Thematic Coverage

The homologation of the Economic Statistics System

It is a system that is updated to be able to serve the users, offering them better and more useful statistical information on the establishments and companies in our country; at the moment seven statistical programs are carried out, which conform the direct collection of basic statistical data; these programs are:

Manufacturing surveys

Construction companies surveys

Trade establishments surveys

Services and transportation surveys

Mining-metallurgical industry statistics

Production services (maquila) for exports statistics

Economic Censuses (which include 28 collection instruments)

Thematic Coverage

The homologation of the Economic Statistics System

These projects can have a monthly, annual or five-year periodicity and they do not ask for duplicated information, due to the care in the integration and complementariness of the data between the projects, since each one covers a specific thematic. Thus, the monthly surveys collect timely information such as duration of workday, remunerated and not remunerated personnel, remunerations, major expenses and incomes, variation of inventories, etc., whereas the annual projects mainly collect variables that give account of the structure of the categories in the studied sector, for example: total men and women, specific expenses for the consumption of goods and services, income components, stocks variation, gross formation of fixed assets by each one of their components, etc., and finally, the censuses offer information on the composition of the total economic units, since they are projects which collect the totality of the universe of study in question.

Thematic Coverage

Economic Censuses Rural Survey Sample,2004

1. Survey Objective

To obtain information about the number of establishments which operate in the rural context, as well as the main variables which characterize their participation in the domestic economy.

2. Target Population

Manufacturing, trade and services establishments conform the target population.

3. Coverage

This event considers the establishments located in rural areas excluding the “economic localities” and the “industrial corridors”. The Federal District is also excluded because this is the only state where the census covers 100% of the territory.

The survey was designed in order to provide information at the national, national by sector and federative entity levels.

4. Sample Design

The sample design is probabilistic; due to this fact, the findings of this survey are generalized for all the establishments in the target population.

Thematic Coverage

Economic Censuses Rural Survey Sample,2004

4.1 Survey Framework

The framework applied to this survey was integrated according to the XII 2000 General Housing and Population Census statistic data, as well as to the 2003 cartographic update, previous to the urban enumeration.

4.2 Sample Units Integration

The sample units are integrated by rural AGEBs which, during the 2000 General Housing and Population Census, counted with inhabited localities and were not absorbed by urban areas between that year and the 2003 cartographic update; event in which all the urban localities were crossed over and the growth toward rural AGEBs were detected.

The sample framework for each federative entity Rural Survey is the AGEB list related to in the paragraph above, excluding those in which the industrial corridors are located, as well as the localities with establishments considered as important.

4.3 Stratification

Since the sample framework proceeds from the 2000 Housing and Population Counting, it was necessary to establish relationships between the indicators of both events in order to identify those with which to carry out the stratification.

In this way the correlated variables of population were obtained, with the total number of establishments in the three sectors as a whole and the one of trade sector individually, which were tested in stratification and multivariate analyses to select the group of indicators that besides having the highest correlations among them, is the one that presents minor number of overlaps in the stratums averages.14

Thematic Coverage

General strategy to carry out the 2004 Economic Censuses

Stage 1. Verification and update of the largest establishments and enterprises

June 2nd to November 28th, 2003

Stage 2. Census operative

March 1st to June 30th, 2004

In the stage 2, the participation of around 32,000 persons was required.

The 2004 Economic Censuses had an approximate cost of half the cost of the 1999 Economic Censuses in real terms.

Coverage (sectorial, thematic and geographic)

Sectorial Coverage

Economic Censuses have a wide sectorial coverage. They comprise 964 classes of activity out of the 1,051 in wich NAICS divides the Domestic Production System.

NAICS is the official classification system which arranges and presents economic data.

Economic Censuses 2004, exclude agriculture, farming and forestry; taxi services; political parties; and domestic services as well as international organism.

2004 Economic censuses


Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática


National Institute of Statistics,

Geography and Informatics