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West Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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West Africa. Ghana. 800 A.D.-1200 Present-day Western Mali and southeastern Mauritania. . Ghana. The Kingdom of Ghana was established by uniting many farming villages. Ghana, meaning ruler, had a strong central government.

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Ghana

  • 800 A.D.-1200
  • Present-day Western Mali and southeastern Mauritania.
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Ghana

  • The Kingdom of Ghana was established by uniting many farming villages. Ghana, meaning ruler, had a strong central government.
  • The capital of Ghana, Kumbi Saleh, was where the kings of Ghana regulated the salt and gold trade. Gold was plentiful in West Africa.
  • Ghana was defeated in the 13th century by rival trading kingdoms. By the end of the 1200s, part of ancient Ghana was absorbed into the kingdom of Mali.
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Mali

  • 1200 A.D.-1450 A.D.
  • Located in Present-day Mauritania, Mali, and Niger.
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Mali
  • Mansa Musa was the greatest ruler of Mali who came to throne in 1312. He expanded the empire and converted to Islam.
  • Musa made the pilgrimage or Hajj to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. He traveled lavishly through Egypt. This showed his devotion to Islam and created diplomatic ties with Muslim states.
  • Decline: The empire of Mali declined as a result of succession disputes around the mid 1400s.
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Songhai

  • 1450-1600 A.D.
  • Present-Day Mauritania, Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso
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Songhai

  • The Songhai absorbed the Kingdom of Mali around 1450.
  • Sonni Ali was one of the Songhai’s greatest kings. He expanded his control and practiced traditional African Religion.
  • Askia Muhammad took over after Ali’s death and created a Muslim empire. He improved the government by appointing officials for separate departments of farming, army, and the treasury.
  • Timbuktu was the center of learning. Muslim scholars came from all over to study there.
  • In 1586 disputes over succession led to civil war, and the ruler of Morocco sent armies to defeat the Songhai.
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What have we learned?

  • Africa has been involved in trade.
  • Africa is home to a variety of religions, and is welcoming of new ideas.
  • Africa has had diverse experiences.
  • Africa has a rich history.