Approaches to treatment and therapy. Biological Treatments. Biological treatment [p406]. Attempting to reduce or eliminate the symptoms of psychological disorders by altering the way an individual’s body functions. Psychopharmacology : The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.
Antipsychotic drugs: Diminish agitated behavior, reduce tension, decrease hallucinations and delusions, and help regulate sleep [p406]
Antianxiety drugs (tranquilizers): Reduce anxiety by making individuals less excitable and more calm [p407]
Antidepressent drugs: Regulate mood [p407]
Lithium carbonate: Used to treat bipolar disorder[p408]
Psychoanalysis A method of psychotherapy developed by Freud emphasizing the exploration of unconscious motives and conflicts
Free associationIn psychoanalysis, a method of uncovering unconscious conflicts by saying freely whatever comes to mind
Dream analysis The technique used by psychoanalysts to interpret a person’s dreams