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California State Test. Grade 7. End of the Roman Empire. Strength of army; roads; money; citizenship Loyalty; huge land empire Too big to control; corruption Disease, starvation, city structure collapses. Islam. Middle East (desert) Trading (merchants) Empire

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end of the roman empire
End of the Roman Empire
  • Strength of army; roads; money; citizenship
  • Loyalty; huge land empire
  • Too big to control; corruption
  • Disease, starvation, city structure collapses
islam
Islam
  • Middle East (desert)
  • Trading (merchants)
  • Empire
  • Islam - monotheistic (Muhammad); religious tolerance
  • Nobility, scholars, merchants, poor
china
China
  • Eastern Asia
  • “Period of Disunion” created stable dynasties
  • Trade, farming
  • Buddhism; Confucianism
  • Nobility, government officials, inventors, farmers, poor
ghana mali
Ghana & Mali
  • West Africa
  • Empire
  • Salt and gold trade; farming
  • Folk religions; Islam
  • Centered on village and family; oral traditions
japan
Japan
  • Islands off of Asia
  • Monarchy (emperor)
  • Landowning; trade
  • Confucianism; Buddhism
  • Daimyo and samurai; shogun (military)
the middle ages
The Middle Ages
  • Europe
  • Aristocracy advised by Church officials
  • Taxes to Church and government; manor system
  • Christianity (monotheistic)
  • Feudalism - like city-states
ancient americas
Ancient Americas
  • Central and South America
  • Aristocracy with religious counsel
  • Trading, farming, building
  • Polytheistic
  • Priests and nobility, merchants, farmers, slaves
renaissance rebirth
Renaissance - “rebirth”
  • Humanism - found Greek/Roman writings
  • Artist, inventor (“Mona Lisa”)
  • Artist (Sistine Chapel)
  • Printing press
  • English poet and playwright
  • Throughout Europe
reformation
Reformation
  • German monk who wanted to reform Church
  • Swiss reformer; brought Church to basics
  • 1)Luther’s 95 Theses (reasons) to reform Church; 2) Split - Catholic and Protestant; 3) Counter-Reformation
scientific revolution
Scientific Revolution
  • 1) Earth center of universe; 2) Sun center of universe; 3) Scientific method
  • Throws out religious based ideas
  • Weakened power of kings
  • Science and math schools
  • COPERNICUS/GALILEO: Sun center of solar system
  • Laws of gravity and motion
  • Scientific method of observation and experimentation
eighteenth century
Eighteenth Century
  • Improved sailing to Asia, Africa, and Americas
  • Logic based on philosophy, society, politics from Greek/Roman, Christian, Renaissance, scientific thought
  • High value on human logic and reasoning
  • Social contract; govt protects people, people are loyal
  • Govt powers are separate