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Natural Resources. History of Hunting Part 1 Section 1 AHE. History of Hunting. Many game species were decimated because they were needed for food. Other species destroyed out of fear and they competed with humans.

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Natural resources

Natural Resources

History of Hunting

Part 1 Section 1 AHE

History of hunting
History of Hunting

  • Many game species were decimated because they were needed for food.

  • Other species destroyed out of fear and they competed with humans.

  • By 1900’s the last large concentrations of grizzlies and wolves were being eliminated in the west

  • The federal government was attempting to exterminate coyotes, cougars, prairie dogs, and other varmints for domestic, commercial, and political reasons.

History of hunting1
History of Hunting

  • President Theodore Roosevelt, and his chief forester Gillord Pinchot led a fight to set aside land for refuges. (Created 51 in 1904)

  • He also promoted the idea of harvesting only surplus game animals for sport and food.

  • Marked the beginning of recreational hunting and the end of the market shooting.

History of hunting2
History of Hunting

  • Throughout history hunting has been a tradition.

  • Until recent times hunting was done out of necessity for food

  • The Lacey Act of 1900 and the migratory bird act of 1918 were both landmarks in the new conservation movement

  • Lacey Act stopped illegal game transportation across state lines

History of hunting3
History of Hunting

  • The conservation era was so successful that it lead to an overprotection era.

  • 1900 3,000 mule deer

  • 1906 1,000,000 acre sanctuary

  • In 25 years government hunters killed 781 mountain lions, 5,000 coyotes and exterminated the gray wolf.

  • Deer pop. Rose to 100,000

  • 1930 only 30,000 left and fell to 15,000 a couple yrs later

History of hunting4
History of Hunting

  • Aldo Leopold was regarded as the father of wildlife management in the late 20’s and early 30’s.

  • He led the move to manage wild lands and wild creatures not just protect them.

  • What is conservation?

    • The wise use of natural resources whereas preservation is the non use of natural resources.

History of hunting5
History of Hunting

  • Pittman Robertson Act

  • In 1937 a federal law took on monumental task.

  • To restore wildlife populations throughout America.

  • Pittman-Robertson has probably been responsible for the restoration of more wildlife species than any other legislation in the history of wildlife conservation.

History of hunting6
History of Hunting

  • The act was financed by hunters who paid a 10% (later 11%) tax on sporting arms and ammunition.

  • In 1970 a 10% tax on guns and in 1972 and 11% tax on archery equipment.

History of hunting7
History of Hunting

  • The Law

    • Federal firearms and ammunition taxes to the states in a matching basis up to $3 federal for every $1 state.

    • Prohibited the use of these federal revenues for any purpose other than wildlife conservation.

    • Prohibited states from using hunters license fees for any purpose other than supporting the state fish and game agency.

History of hunting8
History of Hunting

  • Three types of state projects that are eligible for funds.

    • Purchase of land for wildlife rehabilitation

    • Development of land to make it more suitable for mammals and birds.

    • Research to solve problems that stand in the way of wildlife restoration.

History of hunting9
History of Hunting

  • In the first half century the program provided more than $1.5 billion to states for wildlife restoration.

  • States have added $500 million in matching funds.

  • The money has:

    • Enabled states to purchase about four million acres for wildlife habitat and

    • Supported hunter education programs to reduce firearms accidents and teach outdoor ethics.