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The Ouchless Hospital Developing a Nurse Administered Nitrous Oxide Program Using research, current guidelines and the voices of children. Maurine Clark, RN, MN, CRNI email@example.com www.ouchlesshealthcare.org April 21, 2012 Society of Pediatric Nurse 22 nd Annual Convention
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Developing a Nurse Administered Nitrous Oxide Program
Using research, current guidelines and the voices of children
Maurine Clark, RN, MN, CRNI
April 21, 2012
Society of Pediatric Nurse 22nd Annual Convention
Zier et al. (2007). Case-series of nurse-administered nitrous oxide for urinary catheterization in children. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 109(4), 876-879.
Frampton et al. (2003). Nurse administered relative analgesia using high concentration nitrous oxide to facilitate minor procedures in an emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 20(5), 410-413.
Babl et al, (2007). High-concentration nitrous oxide for procedural sedation in children: Adverse events and depth of sedation. Pediatrics, 121(3), e528-32.
Babl et al. (2008). Limited analgesic efficacy of nitrous oxide for painful procedures in children. Emerg Med J, 25, 717-721.
Faroux et al. (2004). The efficacy of premixed nitrous oxide and oxygen for fiberopticbronchoscopy in pediatric patients: A randomized, double-blind, controlled study. Chest, 125(1), 315-321.
Paut et al. (2001). EMLA versus nitrous oxide for venous cannulation in children. AnesthAnalg, 93, 590-593.
Hee, Goy & Ng. (2003). Effective reduction of anxiety and pain during venous cannulation in children: a comparison of analgesic efficacy conferred by nitrous oxide, EMLA and combination. PaediatricAnasthesia, 13, 210-216.
Tunsia, North Africa
Abdelkefi et al., (2004). Effectiveness of fixed 50% nitrous oxide oxygen mixture and EMLA cream for insertion of central venous catheters in children. Pediatr Blood Cancer, 43, 777-779.
Williams, et al. (2006). Inhaled nitrous oxide during painful procedures: a satisfaction survey. Paediatric Nursing, 18(8), 31-33.
No NPO requirements
Contraindications including any condition where air may be trapped in the body: