content: • Sustainable Sydney 2030 sydney vision2030 • Public Spaces Public life Sydney 2007 Prof. Jan Gehl • Designing Cities Alexander R. Cuthbert • CBD MetroPreliminary Environmental Assessment • Case studies Macquarie University Station • Precedent • Canary Wharf Metro station • Kuala Lumpur Central Station • Britomart Railway Station, Auckland NZ • Washington Metro • MTR, HK
reading SydneyVision2030 GehlArchitectsReport • Gehl Report: • Access to public transportation not • pleasant. • Streets that just make traffic go • smoothly, • eliminate other functions. • Unpleasant pedestrian streetscape. • A city that close down at 6.00 pm. • Lack of fine grains. • The city vision: • Integrated transport for a connected • city • - easy access within modes of • transportation • A city for walking and cycling • - priority to pedestrian and cyclist • A lively, engaging city center • enhancing, creating more fine • grain areas
reading SydneyVision2030 GehlArchitectsReport • Do the strategies proposed in the city visions strongly • complement each other or rather enhance the • effectiveness within each vision? = = A City for Walking and Cycling A Lively, Engaging City Center Integrated Transport
reading SydneyVision2030 GehlArchitectsReport • Problems identified: • Connection between changes of transport • modes are still lack. • People still need to go out, past a space before reaching the other transport modes. • What is going to happen in this interval space? Will it then revitalise the street life or rather became a passing space for pedestrian? How should it be connected? • Would totally limiting car access is the solution? How about elderly, disable, taxis? Loose of connection between public transport (INTERVAL SPACE) MONORAIL INTERVAL SPACE CITY RAIL METRO
reading SydneyVision2030 GehlArchitectsReport • What if the strategies in these visions are further • integrated? • Wouldn’t it give more positive impact to • revitalising, connecting and integrating the city? + + A City for Walking and Cycling A Lively, Engaging City Center Integrated Transport
reading SydneyVision2030 GehlArchitectsReport The new metro stations project as a medium of urban revitalisation. • By Giving opportunities for: • Enhancing the interval space, unclear connected space. • Increase street furniture, for interaction. • Increase fine grain, creating mixed-used retail and services, diversity. • Extend building frontage towards pedestrian street, increase its engagement. • Integration between transportations, movements and activities as a holistic approach in revitalising the city. Not a station that stand alone. But a station that engage with its public surrounding, people and activities.
reading CBDMetro • CBD Metro as a part of the 2030: • create a world class metro, connecting key areas in CBD • allow future extension to the West & North West • reduce the strain on existing infrastructure • will enable Central to become a gateway to the CBD • support the development of Barangaroo • This results in a reduced need for cars in the CBD, allows greater urban density and generally improves quality and access to the city. Creating a more pedestrian and bicycle friendly CBD. All of this results in lower emissions of greenhouse gases, air pollution, lowered fuel consumption etc. • Minutes by the Lord Mayor • Public Domain Improvements • design excellence – protecting existing heritage and streetscape while creating high quality new work place • creation of new public spaces • improved access to and from station
reading CBDMetro • Station Design • access to street (strong connections to existing transportation) • public areas • staff facilities • retail and commercial development • services (electrical, mechanical and tunnel services) • rail systems • emergency egress • Environmental Impacts • during construction • during operation • traffic, transportation, parking & access • noise and vibration • socio-economic factors • spoil management • heritage
casestudies MacquarieUniversityStation Study of journey : surface to subterranean architect: Hassell City Rail Opened: February 23, 2009
precedent CanaryWharf MetroStation Location: London, Docklands, between Canada Water and North Greenwich Date: opened 17.09.1999 2007 usage: 41.623 million Depth: 24 metres Designer: Norman Foster and Partners • Prominent Specification: • Entrance • -Huge and Inviting • -An urban Identity • -Providing bright hall inside • Other Specifications: • -platforms are equipped with edge doors • -connected to two nearest stations in • underground via shopping malls • - Bus direct access • People Comment: • Fantastic Entrance • Modern Empty Space • Unlike the Others • Relaxing and Calm • Confusing Exit
precedent KualaLumpur CentralStation Integration of people & events transport City LRT + Reading Campaign Intercity-rail people KL Monorail Corporate functions KLIA express City Bus Integration of transport modes • Descriptions: • Station – Kuala Lumpur Sentral • Start of operation - 2000 • Architect - KishoKurukawa • Location - Kuala Lumpur Festival Celebration and Shopping Carnivals
precedent BritomartRailwayStation, AucklandNZ The water feature in the foreground is actually a skylight and vent of the underground train station Skylight vent all along the tunnel with light feature along the side. The steel finishing of the building and also the train reflecting the artificial light’s colour creating nice environment
precedent BritomartRailwayStation, AucklandNZ 150 degree view of rear of Britomart Station - panning left from CBD access street, across frontage of heritage building with active edge, across rear frontage of station (modern appearance), and to right more buildings lining enclosed pedestrian precinct above railway, through to waterfront and port.
precedent BritomartRailwayStation, AucklandNZ 120 degree view of Britomart Station internal concourse on ground floor. Access to station platforms in mid centre rear. Perimeter of concourse contains small shops, ticketing & info booths. Cafe & restaurant services on floor, plus wide screen TVs. 100 degree view of Britomart Station rail platforms. Capable of accommodating 5 diesel powered trains - up to 6 carriages long. Venting facilities concealed in ceiling. Natural light facilities. Ultra-modern design.
precedent Washington Metro • Architect : Harry Weese • Constructed : 1976 • President Johnson describes the Metro as “a place where the city of man serves not only the needs of the body and the demands of commerce but the desire for beauty and the hunger for community.”1 • similar goals to Sydney Metro • energy shortages, greenhouse gases • suburban sprawl, creating urban density • creation of transit villages • Results • high usage 61% of commuters during peak hour trips – lower than predicted usage2 • security • maintained a better urban density compared to comparable cities • “If Metro is keeping ‘only’ a half million people off the road every day, isn’t it worth every penny?”3 Image 1 Image 2 Image 3
precedent MTRHK • Octopus smart card • integrated • cashless • rechargeable • contract less • payment system
precedent MTRHK Can you spot the station?
Bibliography Books • Zachary Schrag, The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro, Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006, p 2. • Ibid, p277. • Ibid, p4. Articles • 1. Architecture Australia, “The Underground”, vol. 98 no.3, May/June 2009, p.55 Reports • 1. SGS Economics and Planning. (2008). Sustainable Sydney 2030; City of Sydney Strategic Plan Final Consultation Draft. Sydney. • City Of Sydney Council. (2007). Cycle Strategy and Action Plan. Sydney. • Gehl Architect ApS. (2007). Public Spaces Public Life Study – Sydney. Websites • See http://www.american-architecture.info/USA/USA-Washington/DC-015.htm[accessed 08.08.09]. • See http://www.american-architecture.info/USA/USA-Washington/DC-015.htm[accessed 08.08.09]. • See http://www.american-architecture.info/USA/USA-Washington/DC-015.htm[accessed 08.08.09]. • Seehttp://www.mh-z.com/photos/travel/hong_kong/photos_04.html (accessed 08.08.09]. • See http://www.stesensentral.com/main.cfm(accessed 08.08.09]. • See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canary_Wharf_tube_station(accessed 09.08.09]. • See http://www.qype.co.uk/place/205378-Canary-Wharf-Underground-station-London (accessed 09.08.09]. • See http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/gettingaround/Canary-Wharf.pdf (accessed 09.08.09].