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Residential Mortgage Lending: Principles and Practices, 6e PowerPoint Presentation
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Residential Mortgage Lending: Principles and Practices, 6e. Chapter 9 Construction Lending. Objectives. After completing this chapter, you should be able to: Understand the importance of housing starts and construction lending to the entire economy.

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Presentation Transcript
objectives
Objectives
  • After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
    • Understand the importance of housing starts and construction lending to the entire economy.
    • Explain which lenders make these loans and why they offer these loans.
    • Discuss the process of advancing funds for a construction loan.
    • Examine the similarities and differences between construction loans and permanent financing.
    • Explain the process of originating a construction loan.
who does construction loans
Who Does Construction Loans?
  • All types of mortgage lenders participate in construction lending: commercial and national banks, thrifts and community banks, credit unions, and mortgage companies.
construction lending basics
Construction Lending Basics

A. Advances or Draws

B. Collateral

C. Construction loan versus permanent loan

D. Term

E. Phases of Disbursements

F. Schedule of disbursements

G. Repayment

H. Who Is the General Contractor: Builder or Borrower?

residential construction loans
Residential Construction Loans
  • Construction Only (with two closings)
  • Construction/Permanent (with one closing)
  • Builder Speculative Construction
construction loan management review
Construction Loan Management Review
  • Repayment history
  • Stage of construction
  • Mechanic’s lien waiver documentation
  • Percent of total loan advanced
  • Advance history
  • Date and amount of the last advance
  • Time remaining in the construction phase of the loan
construction loan origination
Construction Loan Origination

● Building plans and specifications

● Plot plan and site survey

● Building permit

● Builder’s license and liability insurance

construction loan origination1
Construction Loan Origination

● Inspections for water, well, perk, other

● Material list and cost estimates

● Contracts for materials and work to be performed

● Payment receipts for materials purchased and work performed

loan administration and funding
Loan Administration and Funding

● Completion certificate

● Recertification of value

● Certificate of Occupancy/temporary Certificate of Occupancy

● Complete mechanic’s lien waivers

what do you think
What Do You Think?
  • Why do lenders participate in residential construction lending?
  • How are construction loans structured?
  • What are the benefits and drawbacks for both the lender and borrower in using a “two closing” loan products? A “one closing”?
  • How do construction loans differ from first mortgage, home improvement or home equity loans?
what do you think1
What Do You Think?
  • What should a lender review when managing a construction loan portfolio?
  • Explain the construction and funding process
  • What is the difference between “purchase price” and “cost to construct” for new construction properties?
check your understanding
Check Your Understanding

1. Over the past ten years the average number of new single-family housing starts has been approximately 1 to 1.3 million.

2. Construction lending is inherently different from permanent financing because of the way funds are disbursed.

3. The most common method for closing construction loans is to close both the construction loan and the permanent loan at the same time.

4. The mechanic’s lien in most states takes priority over the first mortgage – even if it is filed after loan closing of the first.

check your understanding1
Check Your Understanding

5. Appraisals for new construction are completed using plans and specifications.

6. If the applicant for a construction loan is the builder the mortgage lender will not require a credit check.

7. Before issuing the final advance the construction lender must obtain a certificate of occupancy.

8. Many lenders will not make a construction loan to a general contractor who will be the homeowner.