The European Union - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The European Union
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The European Union

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  1. TheEuropeanUnion

  2. Anthem

  3. Generalinformation • The European Unionis an economic and political union of 27 member states • Important institutions of the EU include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, and the European Central Bank

  4. History of the European Union TreatyofBrussels • 1948 • Belgium,France,Germany,Italy, Luxembourg, theNetherlands • Protectionagainstthewarthreat • Cooperationbetween Western Nations • Treatywasextended by theProtocolsigned in Paris 1954

  5. TreatyofParis • April 1951 • AboutcreationofEuropeanCoal and SteelCommunity = MontanUnion • States: France,WestGermany, Italy and Benelux • Betweenthesestatesthe ECSC wouldcreate a commonmarketforcoal and steel • The ESCS wasfirstproposed by Frenchforeign minister RobertSchuman on 9 May 1950 as a way to preventfurtherwarbetweenFrance and Germany

  6. ThetreatyofRome • 25th March 1957 • 2 treaties - EEC (EuropeanEconomicCommunity) • - Euroatom (EuropeanAtomicEnergyCommunity) • Rome • ThesignatorieswereChristianPineau on behalfofFrance and JosephLunsfromtheNetherlands, Paul HenriSpaakfromBelgium, JosephBechfromLuxembourg, AntonioSegnifromItaly, KonradAdenauerfromtheFederalRepublicofGermany Euroatom -Tried to createtheconditionsfordeveloping a strongnuclearindustry EEC - Theylaythefoundationsof a closerunionamongthepeopleofEurope

  7. Schengenagreement • Signed in 1985 near the town of Schengen in Luxembourg • It created bordless Schengen Area which is like single state with no internal borders controls but with amplified and fortified outer borders • It currently consists of 25 European countries and covers population over 400 milion people

  8. Maastricht Treaty • Signed on 7 February 1992 by themembersofEuropeanCommunity in Maastricht,Netherlands. • Thetreatyled to thecreationofthe euro and createdpillarstructureoftheEuropeanUnion • ThisconceptionoftheUniondivideditintotheEuropeanCommunitypillar, • theCommonForeign and SecurityPolicypillarandtheJusticeandHomeAffairs • pillar

  9. The Maastricht criteriaforeumembers: 1. Inflationrates 2.Government finance 3.Exchange rate 4.Long-term interestrates

  10. Benefitsforpeople • No borders • Cooperation in economy ,politics, security and justice • Currency - euro • Education • Multicultural society

  11. Thankyouforyourattention!