Green Ecological Engineering WASTE PLASTIC RE-CYCLING SOLUTIONS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY PRESENTATION Private and Confidential August 2014
Green Ecological Engineering is a privately-owned company which has developed unique technology to solve the un-recyclable waste plastic issues that beset the world. • The company recognized the need for a cost effective method of re-cycling of non-recyclable plastic being placed in land fill. • Initial laboratory trails of the technology commenced in 2002 on waste plastic. • Further research and materials testing carried out on the output from trials. • Using the technology developed in the laboratory, further refinement of the re-cycling process was made over the following years. • Carried out extensive market research of the raw material and the production of various products including pipe, agricultural posts, pallets and roof tiles. Primary business of Green Ecological Engineering is waste processing and plastic granule manufacture to meet market demands. • Currently developing a larger scale prototype proving the commercial viability of the technology. • The company has spent approx $1.5 million in development of the technology to date, which includes the laboratory unit, test unit, portable demonstration unit and product market assessment. • The company is seeking funding to complete this prototype plant. Summary of Project
The Waste Plastic Problem • Virgin plastic is being consumed at an ever increasing rate • Disposal of used plastics is an escalating problem • Plastics are derived from petro-chemical origins • Their initial cost is sky-rocketing along with the oil price • Virgin plastic has doubled in price in the last 5 years • Airline and shipping waste plastic is a major issue worldwide Domestic Waste is mostly Plastic Dirty Unrecyclable Plastic Bottles and other refuge
Disposal of plastic waste is a critical environmental challenge and its re-cycling is facing roadblocks due to its mostly non-degradable nature. As plastic does not decompose biologically, the amount of plastic waste in our surroundings is increasing. More than 90% of the articles found on the sea beaches contain plastic. Our oceans are drowning in plastic. • Plastic waste is often the most objectionable kind of litter and will be visible for years in landfill sites without degrading. • The current main disposal methods of plastic are by landfill or incineration. • Landfill costs are expensive and cost of disposal is increasing. • Construction of new landfill sites limited mainly due to environmental concerns and land costs. • Disposal of waste plastic via means other than landfill are very expensive. • Incineration is an alternative to landfill and has the benefit of disposing of domestic waste and generating energy. The downside is the process still has a residue of ash from the heating. Incineration also removes a valuable resource (plastic) forever. • There is no re-cycling process that recycles combined soiled mixed plastics. • Current recycling processes require sorting of plastic types before re-cycling. Time consuming and costly. Can only be conducted on uncontaminated waste plastic and light bulky plastic. • There needs to be the ability to re-cycle soiled waste plastic in a cost effective way Waste Plastic Disposal
Green Ecological Engineering has developed a unique process whereby the company:Utilises and recycles previously untreatable waste plastic • Enables soiled waste plastic to be directly used in it’s mixed and un-cleaned state. • Can provide an alternative revenue stream from a previous cost. • Provides the Waste Management industry an alternative way to process and convert waste plastic. • Provides raw plastic for plastic, concrete and timber replacement product manufacturers. • Green Ecological Engineering plastic off cuts and waste from the process can be re-cycled many times. • The ability to provide plastic products which are independent of petro-chemical price movements. • Benefits of the Green Ecological Engineering Technology Process • Green Ecological Engineering can recycle all previously unrecyclable waste plastics. Can recycle the hard to dispose of plastics like polystyrene and bulker bags. • Green Ecological Engineering reduces the need to landfill or incinerate => extends the life of existing landfill sites. • Green Ecological Engineering can recover a valuable resource that would be otherwise lost forever. • Green Ecological Engineering target markets are to end user producers that reduce emissions . • Green Ecological Engineering when in full operational and including Anaerobic Digestion can have a substantially major environmental benefit to society and reduce greenhouse gasses. • Green Ecological Engineering has no competition. The Plastic Re-cycling Solution
Re-cycled Waste Plastic Material Product Range includes: • Granule markets • Concrete roof tile replacement market • Concrete pipe replacement markets • Agricultural timber replacement market • Timber formwork replacement market • Concrete railway sleeper replacement market • Domestic timber landscape replacement market • Timber pallet replacement market FUTURE PRODUCT RANGE Green Ecological Engineeringtic granules Concrete roof tile replacement Concrete pipe replacement Concrete sleeper replacement with Green Ecological Engineeringtic sleepers Pallets Green Ecological Engineering Waste Plastic Re-cycling
G.E.E Recycling Process • ORIGINAL WASTE PLASTIC RE-CYCLING TEST FACILITIES • Proof of concept: • First trials conducted successfully in a domestic microwave oven. • Laboratory scale plant constructed using components from microwave oven and commercial kitchen cooker - Successful result . • Larger unit constructed to successfully produce products for testing in test facility. • Heating of material was difficult due to no mixing and shape of cooking vessel. • Early trials produced many volatile off gasses and handling issues. Original Microwave Cooker with Computer Controls First concept test model 800 watt domestic microwave Early First Five Tonne Mould Press
Products from the process have • been tested and results show the material is:- • Half the weight of concrete • Twice as strong • Easy to cut. • Material can be milled, lathed, drilled, screwed and glued • Readily accepts epoxy resin coating • Comparable to timber in strength & functionality. • Fire rating achievable by fire-retardant additives • Material has deformation resiliency • Off-cuts recyclable back into the Green Ecological Engineering process • 100+ year life span • White Ant resistant Earlier Test Facility Output Green Ecological Engineering lumber from Un-usable Waste Plastic Laboratory samples using various mixes in test Samples produced using output from earlier test plant technology Bagged Samples From Sewerage Contaminated Waste Sample Storm Water Pipe made from Output from Test Facility Plant - ready for Testing
A Small Prototype Plant – Was Built • The demonstration unit was developed with the shortcomings of previous successful trials in mind. • The new unit is: • Hydraulically operation thus reducing chance injury • Completely enclosed • Operates in a vacuum to capture all of gasses • Cooking material and cooked material remain in the same vessel thus retaining heat and excluding noxious gasses. • Trailer mounted for ease of demonstration • Trailer has levelling wind down legs to ensure unit is horizontal at all times during operation Assembled Plant on Trailer View Showing three Air Filtering Drums View Showing Hydraulic Rams and Presses
Business Model for the UAE • Back ground to Proposed Waste Plastic Recycling Plant in Singapore • Estimated 30,000 metric tonnes of domestic waste per day being sent to landfill 7 days per week. Equivalent of 10,950,000 metric tonnes of domestic waste per year from Dubai alone. • Estimated plastic content in the waste is close to 40% of all waste or, 4,380,000 tonnes per annum which is the equivalent of 12000 tonnes daily. (Figures excludes industrial & medical waste). • Currently medical waste plastic is either incinerated or alternatively, heat treated and then sent to special landfill sites. Industrial waste plastic is sent to landfill. • Based on the average market price of virgin plastic of approx $2000 per tonne, the replacement value of virgin plastic being sent to landfill on a daily basis is valued at US$24m • Waste plastic that is land filled is material lost forever. • As an example, to process the full amount of waste generated in Dubai, a number of plants would be constructed. A large A.D pre-sorting facility will be required to remove the putrescibles, metal and glass. The processing of food waste by-products would be used to generate the power for the plastics recycling operation.
Development of first Commercial Plant • Development of the first 5,000 tonne plant • Location …………………………… • Pilot plant to prove the environmental, commercial and economic value to the community. • Develop and establish raw waste plastic material sources. • Produce granules for various product manufacturing markets such as roof tiles, pipes, posts, pallets, etc. • Further develop markets for granules. • Plant capable of processing 14 tonnes of dirty waste plastic daily on an 8 hr shift. • Market price of re-cycled granules – US$250 tonne (c/w virgin plastic granules - $2,000 tonne). • Annual revenue from sale of plastic granules: • $1,250,000 gross revenue based on an 8 hour production day. • $3,750,000 gross revenue based on a 24 hour continuous plant • Plant cost – US$6 million.
Next steps for the Green Ecological Engineering company include: • Green Ecological Engineering requires $4,000,000 to complete its current 5,000 ton pilot plant. • When pilot fully operational make available for demonstration of the technology and the financial and environmental opportunities of commercialization. • Choose Plant site location, Obtain Permits , Securing waste stream • Securing involvement of environmental agencies, government Longer term developments for commercializing include: • Operate the 5,000MT plant and establish its viability. • Make granules available to manufacturers to test various products. • Establish permanent waste plastic supply and ability to increase waste plastic supply as required. • Develop 100,000MT plant. • Larger plant must have suitable site location, energy , communications and water • Site should be in an area that will allow for plant expansion. • Design and construct larger plastic waste recycling plants to meet needs of the community. Next Steps
Contact • Geoffrey H J BaringChief Executive Officer (Environmental Economist)Green Ecological Engineering Ltd 21st FloorSunshine Plaza353 Lockhart RdHong KongPhone: Hong Kong +852 6854 0145China +86 13600360245Australia +61 409910668Skype: geoffreybaring