Good Morning. 10/27 Agenda. Writing Prompt. What is the most significant problem in American’s society today?. Writing Prompt Roman Project Presentation Did Rome fall, or was it pushed?. Hamburger Wars!.
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What is the most significant problem in American’s society today?
Background: Pax Romana lasted from AD 27 (Augustus) to AD 180 (Marcus Aurelias)
Peace, prosperity, strong military defeated invaders, public works and building projects
Roman Empire stretched from Great Britain into Africa
**Inflation – a rise in prices, money worth less
pirates disrupted sea trade
few new sources of gold and silver
government raised taxes
overworked land produced less food
war destroyed farmland
** Large size – the sheer size of the empire made communication and control difficult
** Mercenaries – foreign soldiers who fought for money, not out of loyalty.
** Economic Disparity – rich getting richer, poor getting poorer.
**Political disinterest – citizens lost faith in the empire
** Lead poisoning/malaria – some studies suggest that many Roman leaders suffered from lead poisoning caused by drinking wine cooked in lead lined pots. Lead poisoning can lead to aggressive behavior and irritability – not good qualities in a leader.
Malaria – fatigue makes it difficult to perform physical labor, like farming
** Splitting the Empire – Diocletian/Constantine split the empire into the Latin speaking west (Italy, Gaul (France), Spain, Britain) and Greek speaking east (Greece, Syria, Egypt). New capital at Constantinople (Istanbul)
Divided resources and political power left the western empire vulnerable
Romulus Augustulus - last Roman Emperor
Defeated by Germanic forces in 476