Competent, Confident, and Agile FM 6-22 Army Leadership BE DO KNOW The Army Leadership Requirements Model
Leadership – What is it? Leadership is influencing people – by providing purpose, direction, and motivation – while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization.
Leadership • What are some traits that are displayed by successful leaders of the past?
Values • Attitudes about worth of people, concepts, beliefs, etc., that tell us what we need to be • Army Values • Principles, standards, and qualities considered essential for Army leaders • Must exist 24x7 in all Soldiers for a unit to operate at peak performance
Loyalty Duty Respect Selfless Service Honor Integrity Personal Courage “LDRSHIP” No single element is more important than the others
Loyalty to the U.S. Constitution, the Army, your unit and other Soldiers Gift given when the leader deserves it Loyalty to subordinates Loyalty Loyalty is the big thing, the greatest battle of all. But no man ever wins the loyalty of troops by preaching loyalty. It is given him by them as he proves his possession of other virtues BG S.L.A. Marshall Men Against Fire (1947)
Fulfill your obligations Beyond the requirements of law, regulation and orders To refuse an illegal order Duty I go anywhere in the world they tell me to go, any time they tell me to, to fight anybody they want me to fight. I move my family anywhere they tell me to move, on a day’s notice and live in whatever quarters they assign me. . . And I like it. James H. Webb Former U.S. Marine and Sec of the Navy (1987-1988)
Treat people as they should be treated The regard and recognition of the absolute dignity that every human being possesses Respect He who feels the respect which is due to others cannot fail to inspire in them regard for himself, while he who feels, and hence manifests, disrespect toward others, especially his inferiors, cannot fail to inspire hatred against himself. MG John M. Schofield Address to U.S. Corps of Cadets, 11 August 1879
Put the welfare of the Nation, the Army, and your subordinates before your own Military – “the Service” Selfless Service [A]sk not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. John F. Kennedy Inaugural speech as 35th President of the U.S. (1961)
Live up to all the Army Values Moral compass for character and personal conduct Put Army values above self-preservation Honor War must be carried on systematically, and to do it you must have men of character activated by principles of honor. George Washington Commander, Continental Army (1775-81), President of the U.S. (1789-1797)
Do what is right, legally and morally High moral standards Honest in word and deed Integrity No nation can safely trust its martial honor to leaders who do not maintain the universal code which distinguishes between those things that are right and those things that are wrong. GEN Douglas MacArthur Patriot Hearts (2000)
Face fear, danger, or adversity Physical Overcome fear of bodily harm Moral Candor Take responsibility Personal Courage Courage is doing what you’re afraid to do. There can be no courage unless you’re scared. CPT Eddie Rickenbacker U.S. Army Air Corps, WW I The concept of professional courage . . . also means being willing to tell the boss when he is wrong. William Connelly SMA (1979-1983)
Empathy • Experience something from someone else’s point of view • Identify with another’s feelings & emotions • Desire to care for and take care of Soldiers & others
I will always place the mission first I will never accept defeat I will never quit I will never leave a fallen comrade Warrior Ethos Wars may be fought with weapons, but they are won by men. It is the spirit of the men who follow and of the man who leads that gains the victory. GEN George S. Patton Cavalry Journal (1933)
PE – The CLP A combat logistical patrol you are leading is attacked. An IED detonates, destroys your lead and second vehicles, and also damages several others. Then small arms fire riddles the CLP. Your unit responds in the appropriate manner, IAW your unit SOPs and immediate action drills. As your CLP members secure the immediate area and begin to clear some small buildings in the immediate area, you notify your Company CP and request MEDEVAC for your WIA and KIA. All is now quiet. In the process of clearing the buildings, your platoon discovers one seriously wounded local national, one KIA, and the platoon takes three other men into custody. None of the three is armed but a weapons cache, ammunition, documents, and explosives are discovered in an adjacent room. When those taken into custody are brought to you, it is clear the men have been injured, possibly beaten. Some of the detainees require medical attention for their injuries but none appear to be seriously injured. You provide a SITREP back to the Company CP. They notify you that assistance and the commander are enroute.
PE – Part I • What is your next action? • What do you do about those in custody that appear to have been beaten? • How would this be different if a female were taken into custody? • Do you have any further responsibility?