National mountain bike patrol
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National Mountain Bike Patrol. Training Powerpoint Version 3.0 Revised January 2009. IMBA’s Mission. The International Mountain Bicycling Association is a non-profit educational association whose mission is to create, enhance and preserve great trail experiences for mountain bikers worldwide.

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National mountain bike patrol

National Mountain Bike Patrol

Training PowerpointVersion 3.0Revised January 2009

Imba s mission
IMBA’s Mission

  • The International Mountain Bicycling Association is a non-profit educational association whose mission is to create, enhance and preserve great trail experiences for mountain bikers worldwide.

Nmbp mission
NMBP Mission

  • The NMBP consists of dedicated volunteers partnering with land mangers, land owners and emergency personnel, to assist, educate and inform all trail users in order to enhance their recreational experience.

    • Assist in medical and mechanical emergencies

    • Educate trail users of proper etiquette

    • Inform land managers, owners and trail users of trail conditions through monitoring efforts

Nmbp by the numbers
NMBP By the Numbers

  • 60 Patrol Units

  • 500 Individual Patrollers

  • Created in 1995



  • Description of Duties

  • Working with Your Land Manager

  • Trail and Environment Issues

  • Trailside Bike Repair

  • First Aid/Emergency Care

  • Two-Way Radio

  • NMBP Sponsors

Description of duties
Description of Duties

  • Responsibilities

  • Qualifications

  • Personal Risk Management

  • Enforcement is NOT a function of the NMBP

Description of duties1
Description of Duties

  • Responsibilities

    • Adhere to patrol schedule

    • Represent the NMBP and IMBA in a professional manner

    • Maintain patrol equipment

    • Wear patrol uniform

    • Assist injured, ill or lost trail users

    • Complete incident reports and/or log sheets

    • Interact with trail users, emergency staff and land management agencies

    • Educate trail users

Description of duties2
Description of Duties

  • Qualifications

    • Satisfy established training requirements

      • First aid/CPR certification

      • Communication equipment skills

      • Interpersonal skills

      • Interagency relations

      • Trail/ environmental issues

      • Orienteering

      • Riding skills

      • Trailside bike repair

    • Know and follow local policies and procedures

    • Know personal limitations

    • Maintain your equipment

Description of duties3
Description of Duties

  • Personal Risk Management

    • Stay within your limits

    • Know the difference between personal and patrol group insurance and health coverage

    • Dress for weather conditions — be prepared for the unexpected

    • Keep your bike and gear in good working condition

    • Carry extra water and food

Working with land management
Working with Land Management

  • Patrol/Land Manager Relationship

  • Getting Started

  • Liability and Insurance

  • Meeting with the Land Manager

Patrol land management relationship
Patrol/Land Management Relationship

  • A good working relationship with local land managers is the most important component of a successful mountain bike patrol.

Getting started
Getting Started

  • Find out who is responsible for managing the park or trails

  • Meet with them to explain the advantages of having a volunteer patrol

  • Ask for consent and permission to patrol

Meeting land managers
Meeting Land Managers

  • Benefits of having a patrol

    • Act as eyes and ears for the land manager

    • Report trail conditions

    • Provide trail management advice

    • Provide assistance to trail users

    • Perform trail maintenance

Liability and insurance
Liability and Insurance

  • Protected by the Good Samaritan Act in most states

  • Patrol insurance provided by IMBA/NMBP

  • Coverage from land management agency

Trail issues
Trail Issues

  • Environmental

  • Social

  • Rules of the Trail

Environmental issues
Environmental Issues

  • Trail damage is caused by poor drainage - not mountain bikes.

Social issues
Social Issues

  • Safety

  • Respect

Imba s rules of the trail
IMBA’s Rules of the Trail

  • Ride on open trails only

  • Leave no trace

  • Control your bicycle

  • Always yield the trail

  • Never scare animals

  • Plan ahead

Trailside bike repair
Trailside Bike Repair

  • Training

  • Standard field repairs

  • Tools and spare parts

  • Legal issues

Trailside bike repair1
Trailside Bike Repair

  • Training — Partner with a local bike shop

    • Flat repair

    • Chain repair

    • Derailleur repair

    • Saddle adjustment

    • Brake adjustment

    • Basic spoke and wheel repair

Suggested tool kit

Multi tool

Chain tool

Allen wrenches

Phillips & flat head screwdriver

Adjustable wrench

Spoke wrench

Tire levers


Patch kits


Duct tape

Zip ties


Tire boot

Torx T-25 wrench

Suggested Tool Kit

Trailside bike repair2
Trailside Bike Repair

  • Legal Issues

    • Avoid performing mechanical aid when possible

    • Supply the rider with tools and advice

    • Use common sense

    • Abide by your land manager’s policies

First aid emergency care
First Aid/Emergency Care

  • Local protocols

  • First Aid kit contents

  • Legal issues

First aid emergency care1
First Aid/Emergency Care

  • Local Protocols: Uniformity of Care

    • If your group decides to seek a higher level of certification, make sure your treatment protocol meets the standards and requirements of local emergency facilities.

First aid emergency care2

Rubber gloves (4 pr)

Cravats (5)

Glucose tablets

Safety pins (10)

Adhesive bandages (12)

Knife (Swiss Army-type)*


Kling (4 rolls)

Small notebook*

Ice pack

4” x 4” bandages (12)

Incident report sheets*

Bug repellent*

5” x 9” bandages (2)

Trauma scissors


Adhesive tape

Pocket mask

Trail maps (10)

Wire (SAM) splint

1-4 oz. eye wash

Water purification pills

4-oz. tube antibiotic creme

4-oz. bottle sunscreen

Antiseptic towlettes

Space blanket

Ace bandage

6 tongue depressors

Signal mirror (old CD works great)

First Aid/Emergency Care

Legal issues
Legal Issues

  • Most states have “Good Samaritan” laws

  • These laws vary from state-to-state.

  • Find out what the law is in your state

  • Note: Medication, lotions, bug repellents, salves, etc. should only be provided, never applied by the patroller.


  • Cell phones

  • Amateur radio

  • HAM radio

Communication skills
Communication Skills

  • The mountain bike patroller will:

    • Know technical aspects of using a two-way radio and cellular phones

    • Know how to contact and provide feedback to the trail steward, club and land manager

    • Demonstrate the ability to interact effectively with the trail users (hikers, horses and bikers.)

2 way radio communication
2-Way Radio Communication

  • 151.625 MHz frequency is licensed to IMBA by the FCC for the NMBP program.

  • In the event of life-threatening emergency, patrollers can transmit on any frequency (including 155.160 or other special emergency frequencies monitored by hospitals or emergency agencies) to call for help.

  • Use of the NMBP call sign is restricted to NMBP member groups/individuals. The NMBP call sign is: WPLT262.

The goal of the nmbp
The Goal of the NMBP

  • Maintain and promote trail opportunities for the sport of mountain biking through:

    • Assisting

    • Educating

    • Informing

      And don’t forget to have fun!