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Under-Utilization of the Nigerian Consulting Engineer in Our National Development "The Consulting Engineer as a Catalyst in National Wealth Creation". Challenges of the 21 st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst. by Engr. Aliyu A. Aziz, MNSE. About Me.

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Under-Utilization of the Nigerian Consulting Engineer in Our National Development"The Consulting Engineer as a Catalyst in National Wealth Creation"

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst.

by

Engr. Aliyu A. Aziz, MNSE

about me
About Me
  • Principal Consultant - Afri-Projects Consortium
  • B. Eng. (Civil), M. Sc. (Struct.) - Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • Professional Bodies
    • Member, Nigeria Society of Engineers
    • Member, Computer Association of Nigeria
    • Member, Internet Society

Contact: AliyuAziz@AliyuAziz.com

http://AliyuAziz.com

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

objective
Objective
  • arm the consultant with modern strategic tools for survival in the 21st century
  • examine what is necessary to improve his strategic tools and allow him to achieve desired goals from

knowledge management; strategic management;

reengineering; and leadership

  • prepare the consultant to response to sudden, unforeseen changes, understand and overcome obstacles to success, easily collaborate with every conceivable discipline and from every conceivable source

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

topics
Topics
  • Introduction
  • The Challenge
  • Information Technology Infrastructure
  • Strategic Business Tools
  • Conclusion

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

introduction
Introduction
  • Knowledge is the raw material for creating all economic wealth in the 21st century
  • Professional Consultants are expected to develop unique strategies and skills that will enable them to create opportunities out of challenges
  • Challenges in knowledge management, lifecycles, strategic management, reengineering and leadership require more urgent attention of the Consultant

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

introduction1
Introduction ...
  • Interdependence is fast replacing independence.
  • New power lies in the ability to
    • adapt
    • assume responsibility
    • have a shared vision
    • empower others
    • negotiate successful results
    • and assume control of one’s ethical behaviors

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

introduction2

Data Processing

Information Processing

Knowledge Processing

Knowledge Sharing & Wisdom

Project Lifecycle

Project Circle

Project Spiral

Project Dynamics

Strategic Issues

Environmental

Internal

Systemic

Management

Planning

Implementation

Control

Decision Making

Investigation

Development, Evaluation, & Selection

Implementation & Follow-up

Reengineering

Total Quality Management

Business Process Reengineering

Leadership – Vision, Values, Ethics & Culture

Introduction ...

Table 1.0: Challenges to the Consulting Engineer in the 21st century

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

introduction3
Introduction ...
  • As catalyst in national wealth creation, we must
    • Rethink the nation’s needs, its problems and issues in current perspectives
    • State the positive outcomes the nation requires
    • Recommend solutions that solve the problems effectively and deliver efficient results
    • Show we are competent to deliver on time and within budget

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

introduction4
Introduction ...
  • We should guide the government to concentrate on its Major Goals, by assisting it to: -
    • Lift barriers to innovation and not to impose new obstacles
    • Help develop and maintain a workforce, appropriate to its needs and the aspiration of the general public
    • Establish a stable environment for research and innovation, without governmental direction

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

the challenge
The Challenge
  • The Goal - Knowledge
    • A knowledge-driven information network that will help solve many kinds of business problems effectively
  • Challenges
    • Knowledge Management
    • Project Cycle
    • Strategic Management
    • Reengineering
    • Leadership

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

challenges knowledge management
Challenges: Knowledge Management
  • A managerial discipline that treats intellectual capital as a managed asset
  • The primary tools applied in KM are
    • organisational dynamics
    • process engineering
    • technology

It is important that engineering consultants equip themselves with the proper incentives and tools to share knowledge as well as design solutions with specific business problems in mind

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

challenges knowledge management1

Information

Processing

Knowledge

Data

Challenges: Knowledge Management
  • Information is derived from data processing, knowledge from information processing.
  • Wisdom can only be gleaned from knowledge management.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

challenges project cycle

Circle

Spiral

Challenges: Project Cycle
  • The project life cycle defined:

The four sequential phases in time through which any project passes, namely:

conception; development; implementation; and termination

  • Systematic explanation
  • Evolutionary explanation

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

challenges strategic management
Challenges: Strategic Management…
  • A technique for evaluation and measurement often employed at the highest management level. It addresses jugular issues touching the heart of business entities with grave implications on their future.
    • Competition and competitiveness
    • Customer/Supplier power
    • Government and legal regulation
    • Barriers to entry
  • It eliminates conflict between long-term development and short-term profitability.
  • It focuses on the complexities of the total business environment, with well-defined aims, well-developed means to achieve them, and by pursuing viable opportunities wherever they can be identified, which may be regardless of the current operations.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

challenges strategic management1
Challenges: Strategic Management…

Requirements

Focus

Strategic management

Goals

Values

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

challenges strategic management2

Internal

external

Level 3

Level 2

System

Level 1

Level 0

Challenges: Strategic Management…
  • Relies heavily on a continuous supply of information about the environment.
  • Main features of strategic management
    • External
    • Internal
    • Systemic

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

challenges strategic management3
Challenges: Strategic Management…
  • Main components of strategic management
    • Environmental issues
    • Planning direction
    • Planning strategy
    • Implementing the strategy

Planning direction

Environmental issues

Planning strategy

Implementation

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

reengineering and leadership
Reengineering and Leadership
  • Conventional thinking
    • firms assume that variables are stable in their marketplace, that boundaries (industrial, geographical, etc.) are clearly articulated, that the endgame is known or predictable
  • Reengineered thinking
    • four drivers that enable firms to be focused and accountable
      • leadership
      • governance
      • competencies
      • technology

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide19

Challenges: Reengineering and Leadership…

Research found six distinct leadership styles, each springing from different components of emotional intelligence.

Emotional Intelligence:

  • Self-Awareness
  • Emotional self-awareness:the ability to read and understand your emotions as well as recognise their impact on work performance, relationship, and the like.
  • Accurate self-assessment:a realistic evaluation of your strengths and limitations.
  • Self-confidence: a strong and positive sense of self-worth.
  • Self-Management
  • Self-control: the ability to keep disruptive emotions and impulses under control
  • Trustworthiness:a consistent display of honesty and integrity
  • Conscientiousness: the ability to manage yourself and your responsibilities.
  • Adaptability: skill at adjusting to changing situations and overcoming obstacles.
  • Achievement orientation: the drive to meet an internal standard of excellence.
  • Initiative: a readiness to seize opportunities.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide20

Challenges: Reengineering and Leadership…

Emotional Intelligence:

  • Social Awareness
  • Empathy: skill at sensing other people’s emotions, understanding their perspective, and taking an active interest in their concerns.
  • Organizational awareness:the ability to read the currents of organizational life, build decision networks, and navigate politics.
  • Service orientation: the ability to recognize and meet customers’ needs.
  • Social Skill
  • Visionary Leadership: the ability to take charge and inspire with a compelling vision.
  • Influence: the ability to wield a range of persuasive tactics.
  • Developing others: the propensity to bolster the abilities of others through feedback and guidance.
  • Communication: skill at listening and at sending clear, convincing, and well-tuned messages.
  • Change catalyst: proficiency at initiating new ideas and leading people in a new direction.
  • Conflict management: the ability to de-escalate disagreements and orchestrate resolutions.
  • Building bonds: proficiency at cultivating and maintaining a web of relationships.
  • Teamwork and collaboration: competence at promoting cooperation and building teams.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide21

Coercive

Affiliative

Authoritative

Demands immediate compliance

The leader’s modus operandi

Creates harmony and builds emotional bonds

Mobilizes people toward a vision

“People come first”

The style in a phrase

“Come with me”

“Do what I tell you

Drive to achieve, initiative, self-control

Self-confidence, empathy, change catalyst

Underlying emotional intelligence competences

Empathy, building relationships, communication

In a crisis, to kick start a turnaround, or with problem employees

When the style works best

To heal rifts in a team or to motivate people during stressful circumstances

When changes require a new vision, or when a clear direction is needed

Positive

Negative

Overall impact climate

Most strongly positive

Challenges: Reengineering and Leadership…

The six styles of leadership

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide22

Democratic

Pacesetting

Coaching

Sets high standards for performance

Develops people for the future

Forges consensus through participation

The leader’s modus operandi

“Do as I do, now.”

“What do you think?”

“Try this.”

The style in a phrase

Conscientiousness, drive to achieve, initiative

Underlying emotional intelligence competences

Collaboration, team leadership, communication

Developing others, empathy, self-awareness

When the style works best

To build buy-in or consensus, or to get input from valuable employees

To help an employee improve performance or develop long-term strengths

To get quick results form a highly motivated and competent team

Negative

Overall impact climate

Positive

Positive

Challenges: Reengineering and Leadership…

The six styles of leadership

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide23

Democratic

Pacesetting

Coercive

Authoritative

Affiliative

Coaching

-.07

.17

-.28

.28

Flexibility

.32

.27

.04

.08

.16

.21

.23

Responsibility

-.37

.22

-.02

.38

.31

-.27

.39

Standards

-.29

.42

.54

-.18

.43

.48

Rewards

-.11

.37

.35

-.28

.38

.44

Clarity

-.13

Commitment

.26

.27

35

.34

-.20

Overall impact -.26 .54 .46 .43 -.25 .42

on climate

Challenges: Reengineering and Leadership…

Getting Molecular: The Impact of Leadership

Styles on Drivers of Climate

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide24

Challenges: Reengineering and Leadership…

  • Six distinct leadership styles:
    • Coercive leaders – demand immediate compliance
    • Authoritative leaders– mobilize people toward a vision
    • Affiliative leaders– create emotional bonds and harmony
    • Democratic leaders– build consensus through participation
    • Pacesetting leaders– expect excellence and self-direction
    • Coaching leaders– develop people for the future

You’ll agree with me that most engineers belong to the last two groups. We, therefore, need to move up the ladder, to the most strongly positive authoritative leadership style for effective performance and results

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide25

Information Technology Infrastructure

The empires of trade and nations are fast giving way to the imperishable empire of knowledge and leadership.

Information Technology (IT) is providing the currency of immeasurable value to aid this new empire

The new IT is a combination of all available information media, including computer, telephone, data networks, cable television, satellites, fiber optics, and software.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

information technology infrastructure
Information Technology Infrastructure ...
  • Primary objective: To develop an economy-wide network that can support an ever-growing range of business processes, within and between corporations.
  • Computer companies and leading telecommunication carriers allied themselves with transnational enterprises. These alliances were based on the axiom that corporate capital’s ownership and control of networks should be beyond dispute or discussion.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide27

Information Technology Infrastructure ...

Over the last five years the reliability, speed and security of the internet have improved.

Internet offers a splendid new medium through which to transact business.

It has become the primary platform for essential business / government activities.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

information technology infrastructure1
Information Technology Infrastructure ...
  • What stops our banks from joining the bandwagon?
    • FEAR FEAR FEAR - Fear of the unknown, precipitated by lack of understanding security issues, among others
    • This phobia will also apply to consultants. If we continue to fear to participate in present day B2B Exchanges, it will be impossible to remain competitive.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

information technology infrastructure2
Information Technology Infrastructure ...
  • What do we do?
    • We need to expend heavily on training and reorientation, adopt new technological tools and study how the society affects technology, and not the other way round.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

strategic business tools
Strategic Business Tools
  • Hot technologies for Consulting Engineers:
    • use the Internet both inside and outside our firms as the common networking infrastructure
    • use the World Wide Web itself as the development environment for most of our application interfaces

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

strategic business tools1
Strategic Business Tools
  • Smart Cards
  • Digital Certificates
  • XML
  • JAVA

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

strategic business tools smart cards
Strategic Business Tools:Smart Cards
  • Smart card is an intelligent ID card with the ability to store information and perform transactions.
  • It can be in the form of plastic card, a ring, a watch or anything you carry around.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide33

Strategic Business Tools: Digital Certificates.

A digital certificate enables two entities to establish each other’s identity for electronic commerce transactions.

It can be stored on smart cards and in computer systems.

It certifies the authenticity of the person performing the transaction.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide34

Strategic Business Tools: XML

“XML” Stands for Extensible Mark-up Language

It is the basis for storing and shipping data on the web

Rapidly becoming the lingua franca of electronic commerce.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide35

Strategic Business Tools: JAVA

The hottest programming language.

Programs written in JAVA take less time to produce, because it is much less error-prone.

JAVA will run on any platform, from TV, to a cell phone, to a web site without modifications.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

conclusion
Conclusion
  • In today’s interdependent, hyper-competitive environment, the professional engineer needs the power of vision, people, knowledge, strategic business tools and technology to overcome obstacles and easily collaborate with every conceivable discipline to deliver projects

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

conclusion1
Conclusion ...
  • In the near future, what will drive success is the ability to initiate, sustain and profit from interdependent relationships. The outcome will be innovative products, creative services and possibly new technology. To get there, however, we will have to develop our leadership intelligence. Why leadership? Because leaders hold the key to success.

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst

slide38
Thank you

The End

Visit me @

http://AliyuAziz.com

Challenges of the 21st Century and Strategic Tools for the Catalyst