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World War I. The Belligerents. Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire. The Belligerents. Territory extended from the North Sea to the Middle East Helped with communication. The Belligerents. Germany’s well trained and equipped army was an advantage.

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Presentation Transcript
the belligerents
The Belligerents
  • Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire
the belligerents1
The Belligerents
  • Territory extended from the North Sea to the Middle East
    • Helped with communication
the belligerents2
The Belligerents
  • Germany’s well trained and equipped army was an advantage.
the belligerents3
The Belligerents
  • Allied Powers: Great Britain, France, Russia
  • Had more soldiers
the belligerents4
The Belligerents
  • Great Britain’s navy was an advantage
    • Greatest navy in the world
innovations in warfare
Innovations in Warfare
  • U-boats (submarines) were first used by the Germans.
  • Germans introduce poison gas
other new weapons
Other new Weapons
  • Machine guns
  • Long range artillery
trenches
Trenches
  • Trenches were dug in defense to the machine guns
airplanes
Airplanes
  • Used in air battles (dog fights)
  • Dropped

bombs

other new areas of war
Other new Areas of War
  • First war man are drafted
  • Women start working while men go to war
early years of war
Early Years of War
  • British blockade the North Sea to keep merchant ships form Germany
  • Germany used u-boats to sink ships carrying food and arms to the British
early years of war1
Early Years of War
  • 1915: Germany sank the Lusitania (British passenger boat)
  • 1,200 people were killed, including 128 Americans
  • U.S. president, Woodrow Wilson stated he would not tolerate such actions
the u s in the war
The U.S. in the War
  • U.S. want to remain neutral
  • Supplied food and raw materials
  • Due to the blockade of Germany, U.S. traded w/ allies
  • Influenced by propaganda
the u s in the war1
The U.S. in the War
  • Arthur Zimmerman
    • Sent a telegram to German ambassador in Mexico proposing alliance w/ Mexico
    • Offered Mexico to help regain Arizona, new Mexico, and Texas if they entered the war as a Central Power
the u s in the war2
The U.S. in the War
  • British intercepted the Zimmerman note and it was published in American newspapers
  • Germany declares a “war zone” around Great Britain, sinking every ship possible
the u s in the war3
The U.S. in the War
  • This killed many Americans
  • 4/6/1917: U.S. declares war on Germany
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