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MONOPARENTAL FAMILIES: A PSYCHOANALYTIC VISION

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MONOPARENTAL FAMILIES: A PSYCHOANALYTIC VISION

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  1. MONOPARENTAL FAMILIES: A PSYCHOANALYTIC VISION

  2. PONTIFÍCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DE SÃO PAULO PUC - SP Lisette Weissmann Famílias monoparentais: um olhar psicanalítico MESTRADO EM PSICOLOGIA CLÍNICA SÃO PAULO 2008

  3. FAMILIES OF THE XXI CENTURY • Different from the traditional model • New family structures • “The contemporary family is a democratic, horizontal institution, which has decentralized power that is divided amongst its members.” Elizabeth Roudinesco. • Family roles: symmetric, rotate, interchangeable, temporary and random

  4. CONTEMPORARY FAMILIES • Weakening of the social function of the father in his paternal role • Widening of the strength, presence and simbolism of mothers • Maternal roles given to fathers • “The power of the mothers”

  5. RESEARCH ON MONOPARENTAL FAMILIES • UNIFESP (Universidade Federal de São Paulo) • NASF (Núcleo de atencão aos funcionários do hospital)

  6. TARGET POPULATION: • Monoparental families of hospital employees • Lower middle class • Reason for consult: anxiety/anguish • Required psychotherapeutic treatment • Family’s current situation: adolescent sons, violent relationships, lack of support.

  7. FAMILY STRUCTURE • Mother (only constant figure) • Children from different biological fathers

  8. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH • Two themes: • Clinical theme: study of monoparental families • Theoretical theme: Teoría de las Configuraciones Vinculares (Bond theory, Dr. Isidoro Berenstein, Dr. Janine Puget) THEORETICAL-CLINICAL RESEARCH

  9. A) SOCIAL CONTEXT • Little support • Situations of loss and neglect • Fathers – no place in the family • Genitor # pater • Mothers in all parental spaces • Social neglect: only parental figure, no dual income, feelings of abandonment, young black mothers, lack of education

  10. B) BIOLOGICAL MODEL • Two different gametes needed • Sexuality: lack of space for two • Mother steals father’s semen: pregnancy • Women take charge of their children ≠ Men abandon their parental role

  11. Monoparental family by maternal decision • Mothers deny the father’s role and the father, himself • Father’s role cannot be erased • Father’s role in society

  12. C) MEN - GENITORES • Do not claim place as fathers • Maternal presence does not allow a space for the other (alteridad)

  13. D) CHILDREN • Denounce the family situation (lack of masculine role) • Oppose maternal desire to reject the other • Relationship problems between mothers and adolescent sons • Sons’ masculine bodies

  14. SONS • Bring the outside world into the family: - street life - work - school - access to others • Masculine role models?

  15. E) HARD TO RECOGNIZE THE OTHER AS OTHER • Family communication: predominantly monologues, excessive anguish • Violent dialogues

  16. F) SOCIAL SPACE • Room for another person between mother and son • Leaving the family • Culture is transmitted through the mother to the children • Sense of direction in family structure

  17. G) FAILURE OF FATHERLY FUNCTION • Fatherly function: interdiction, differences, order • Sense of direction within the family structure • Through treatment, mothers allow the fatherly function to appear • Mother left alone • Space of uncertainty and incompleteness

  18. H) FAMILY PSYCHOANALYTIC CLINIC • Aggressive emotional climate • Transference - countertransference • Aggressive motherly discourse • Psychoanalyst shields violence • Families without limits or frameworks

  19. I) PSYCHOANALYTIC SETTING • Circulation of diverse ideas • Work with the other • Expanding ideas to create a common cultural structure for all • Construction in transference

  20. MONOPARENTAL FAMILIES • From a social construction to a subconscious psychoanalytic comprehension

  21. “Mirar da miedo porque es riesgoso Si estuviéramos realmente decididos a ver no sabemos lo que vamos a ver… todo lo que somos de mejor Es resultado del espanto. Como prescindir de la posibilidad de espantarse? Lo mejor de ir a la calle a espiar el mundo es que No sabemos qué es lo que vamos a encontrar. Esa es la gracia mayor de ser repórter. Esa es la gracia mayor de ser gente”. Elaine Brum A vida que ninguém vê, Porto Alegre, Ed. Arquipiélago, 2006

  22. Psicóloga Lisette Weissmann Rua Atilio Innocenti 1058 Vila Olímpia, São Paulo - SP CEP 04538-002 / Brasil TEL: (11) 9431 6233 lisettewbr@yahoo.com.br